Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Chapter 15(a) - Distribution of the Properties Captured from the Enemy
Hadith #1

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) السَّرِيَّةُ يَبْعَثُهَا الإمَامُ فَيُصِيبُونَ غَنَائِمَ كَيْفَ تُقْسَمُ قَالَ إِنْ قَاتَلُوا عَلَيْهَا مَعَ أَمِيرٍ أَمَّرَهُ الإمَامُ عَلَيْهِمْ أُخْرِجَ مِنْهَا الْخُمُسُ للهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَقُسِمَ بَيْنَهُمْ أَرْبَعَةُ أَخْمَاسٍ وَ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُونُوا قَاتَلُوا عَلَيْهَا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَانَ كُلُّ مَا غَنِمُوا لِلإمَامِ يَجْعَلُهُ حَيْثُ أَحَبَّ.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘The Imam dispatches a small armed group against the enemy and they capture properties from the enemy. How should they distribute it?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘If they fight under the command of a commander appointed by the Imam they should keep aside one-fifth thereof and distribute the rest among themselves. If they have not fought the pagans, then all that they have captured belongs to the Imam who distributes as he finds proper.”’