Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > Hajj of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause
Hadith #6

6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حِينَ حَجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ خَرَجَ فِي أَرْبَعٍ بَقِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ حَتَّى أَتَى الشَّجَرَةَ فَصَلَّى بِهَا ثُمَّ قَادَ رَاحِلَتَهُ حَتَّى أَتَى الْبَيْدَاءَ فَأَحْرَمَ مِنْهَا وَأَهَلَّ بِالْحَجِّ وَسَاقَ مِائَةَ بَدَنَةٍ وَأَحْرَمَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ بِالْحَجِّ لا يَنْوُونَ عُمْرَةً وَلا يَدْرُونَ مَا الْمُتْعَةُ حَتَّى إِذَا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَكَّةَ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ وَطَافَ النَّاسُ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْمَقَامِ وَاسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ فَأَتَى الصَّفَا فَبَدَأَ بِهَا ثُمَّ طَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ سَبْعاً فَلَمَّا قَضَى طَوَافَهُ عِنْدَ الْمَرْوَةِ قَامَ خَطِيباً فَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يُحِلُّوا وَيَجْعَلُوهَا عُمْرَةً وَهُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَمَرَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ فَأَحَلَّ النَّاسُ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَوْ كُنْتُ اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَفَعَلْتُ كَمَا أَمَرْتُكُمْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُحِلَّ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْهَدْيِ الَّذِي كَانَ مَعَهُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَلا تَحْلِقُوا رُؤُسَكُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ الْكِنَانِيُّ يَا رَسُولَ الله عُلِّمْنَا كَأَنَّا خُلِقْنَا الْيَوْمَ أَ رَأَيْتَ هَذَا الَّذِي أَمَرْتَنَا بِهِ لِعَامِنَا هَذَا أَوْ لِكُلِّ عَامٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا بَلْ لِلأَبَدِ الأَبَدِ وَإِنَّ رَجُلاً قَامَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله نَخْرُجُ حُجَّاجاً وَرُءُوسُنَا تَقْطُرُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِهَذَا أَبَداً قَالَ وَأَقْبَلَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنَ الْيَمَنِ حَتَّى وَافَى الْحَجَّ فَوَجَدَ فَاطِمَةَ سَلامُ الله عَلَيْهَا قَدْ أَحَلَّتْ وَوَجَدَ رِيحَ الطِّيبِ فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مُسْتَفْتِياً فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَا عَلِيُّ بِأَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَهْلَلْتَ فَقَالَ أَهْلَلْتُ بِمَا أَهَلَّ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ لا تُحِلَّ أَنْتَ فَأَشْرَكَهُ فِي الْهَدْيِ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ سَبْعاً وَثَلاثِينَ وَنَحَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ثَلاثاً وَسِتِّينَ فَنَحَرَهَا بِيَدِهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ بَضْعَةً فَجَعَلَهَا فِي قِدْرٍ وَاحِدٍ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِهِ فَطُبِخَ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ وَحَسَا مِنَ الْمَرَقِ وَقَالَ قَدْ أَكَلْنَا مِنْهَا الآنَ جَمِيعاً وَالْمُتْعَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْقَارِنِ السَّائِقِ وَخَيْرٌ مِنَ الْحَاجِّ الْمُفْرِدِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ أَ لَيْلاً أَحْرَمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَمْ نَهَاراً فَقَالَ نَهَاراً قُلْتُ أَيَّةَ سَاعَةٍ قَالَ صَلاةَ الظُّهْرِ.

6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed al- Hajjata al-Islam, he left al-Madinah when only four days from the month of Dhu al-Qa‘dah remained. When he (the Messenger of Allah) arrived at al-Shajarah, he performed Salat (prayer) then drove his stumper until he arrived in al-Bayda’, he then assumed the state of Ihram and recited Talbiyah for al- Hajj. He (the Messenger of Allah) drove one hundred camels and all the people also assumed the state of Ihram for al-Hajj. They did not have the intention for al-‘Umrah and did not know what al-Mut‘ah was. When the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, arrived in Makkah he performed Tawaf around the House. People also performed Tawaf along with him. He (the Messenger of Allah) then performed two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) near the station of Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then touched the Black Stone. He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, T commence with what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commenced. He then went to al-Safa’ to commence walking. He (the Messenger of Allah) then performed Tawaf between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah seven times. When he (the Messenger of Allah) completed his Tawaf at al-Marwah, he (the Messenger of Allah) then stood there for a speech. He (the Messenger of Allah) commanded them to come out of the state of Ihram and make it an al-‘Umrah. It is something that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commanded to do. People came out of the state of Ihram and the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, Tf I will have a chance in future I will not go back. I will do as I have commanded you to do. He (the Messenger of Allah) was not able to come out of the state of Ihram because of the offering animals, which were with him (the Messenger of Allah). Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, ‘Do not shave your heads until the offering animals reach their designated places.’ Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Jush‘am al-Kinaniy said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach us just as we are created today. What you have commanded us to do this year is it just for this year or it will be as such every year?’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘It is forever.’ A man stood up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah is it that we will come to perform al-Hajj and water will drip from our heads?’ (He thereby meant engagement in sexual activities). The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘You will never believe in it (al-Mut‘ah of al-Hajj). He (the Imam) said that Ali ‘Alayhi al-Salam, arrived from Yeman to perform al-Hajj, he found Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, who had come out of the state of Ihram, and he sensed perfumes. He (the Imam) went to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, for a fatwa. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, asked, ‘What kind of intention did you have?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘I made my intention like the intention of the Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘You must not come out of the state of Hiram.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) allowed him (the Imam) to share his offering animals and gave him (the Imam) thirty-seven. The Messenger of Allah slaughtered sixty- three. He (the Messenger of Allah) slaughtered them with his own hands. He (the Messenger of Allah) then from every camel took a certain amount of meat and placed it in one cooking pot. He then commanded to cook, then ate from the meat and sipped from the broth. He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, ‘Now we all have used the meat of our offering for food. Having al-Mut‘ah (advantage of coming out of the state of Ihram after completing the acts of ‘Umrah) is better than al-Qiran Hajj, in which one herds his offering cattle as well as performs Hajj in the form of al-Mufrad Hajj.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘Did the Messenger of Allah enter the state of Ihram during the night or during the day?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It was during the day.’ I then asked, ‘In which hour of the day was it?’ He (the Imam) replied it was at the time of the Salat (prayer) at noontime.’”