27. Hajj of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause

Back to book

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَمْ يَحُجَّ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَعْدَ قُدُومِهِ الْمَدِينَةَ إِلاَّ وَاحِدَةً وَقَدْ حَجَّ بِمَكَّةَ مَعَ قَوْمِهِ حِجَّاتٍ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed only one hajj from al- Madinah; however, he had performed al-Hajj many times when in Makkah along with his people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/109)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عِيسَى الْفَرَّاءِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَجَّ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَشْرَ حِجَّاتٍ مُسْتَسِرّاً فِي كُلِّهَا يَمُرُّ بِالْمَأْزِمَيْنِ فَيَنْزِلُ وَيَبُولُ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali, from ‘Isa al-Farra’ from ‘Abd Allah ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed Hajj ten times secretly and every time when in al-Mazimin would disembark and pass water (it was the first place where idols were worshipped).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/109)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَجَّ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عِشْرِينَ حَجَّةً.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed Hajj a total of twenty times.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/110)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَقَامَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ لَمْ يَحُجَّ ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ وَأَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجالاً وَعَلى‏ كُلِّ ضامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ فَأَمَرَ الْمُؤَذِّنِينَ أَنْ يُؤَذِّنُوا بِأَعْلَى أَصْوَاتِهِمْ بِأَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَحُجُّ فِي عَامِهِ هَذَا فَعَلِمَ بِهِ مَنْ حَضَرَ الْمَدِينَةَ وَأَهْلُ الْعَوَالِي وَالأَعْرَابُ وَاجْتَمَعُوا لِحَجِّ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَإِنَّمَا كَانُوا تَابِعِينَ يَنْظُرُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ وَيَتَّبِعُونَهُ أَوْ يَصْنَعُ شَيْئاً فَيَصْنَعُونَهُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي أَرْبَعٍ بَقِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى ذِي الْحُلَيْفَةِ زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَاغْتَسَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ الَّذِي عِنْدَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَصَلَّى فِيهِ الظُّهْرَ وَعَزَمَ بِالْحَجِّ مُفْرِداً وَخَرَجَ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى الْبَيْدَاءِ عِنْدَ الْمِيلِ الأَوَّلِ فَصُفَّ لَهُ سِمَاطَانِ فَلَبَّى بِالْحَجِّ مُفْرِداً وَسَاقَ الْهَدْيَ سِتّاً وَسِتِّينَ أَوْ أَرْبَعاً وَسِتِّينَ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى مَكَّةَ فِي سَلْخِ أَرْبَعٍ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَطَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ سَبْعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ خَلْفَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ثُمَّ عَادَ إِلَى الْحَجَرِ فَاسْتَلَمَهُ وَقَدْ كَانَ اسْتَلَمَهُ فِي أَوَّلِ طَوَافِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ الله فَأَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ الله تَعَالَى بِهِ وَإِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَانُوا يَظُنُّونَ أَنَّ السَّعْيَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ شَيْ‏ءٌ صَنَعَهُ الْمُشْرِكُونَ فَأَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنَّ الصَّفا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعائِرِ الله فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِما ثُمَّ أَتَى الصَّفَا فَصَعِدَ عَلَيْهِ وَاسْتَقْبَلَ الرُّكْنَ الْيَمَانِيَّ فَحَمِدَ الله وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَدَعَا مِقْدَارَ مَا يُقْرَأُ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ مُتَرَسِّلاً ثُمَّ انْحَدَرَ إِلَى الْمَرْوَةِ فَوَقَفَ عَلَيْهَا كَمَا وَقَفَ عَلَى الصَّفَا ثُمَّ انْحَدَرَ وَعَادَ إِلَى الصَّفَا فَوَقَفَ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ انْحَدَرَ إِلَى الْمَرْوَةِ حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنْ سَعْيِهِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْ سَعْيِهِ وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمَرْوَةِ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ بِوَجْهِهِ فَحَمِدَ الله وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا جَبْرَئِيلُ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى خَلْفِهِ يَأْمُرُنِي أَنْ آمُرَ مَنْ لَمْ يَسُقْ هَدْياً أَنْ يُحِلَّ وَلَوِ اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَصَنَعْتُ مِثْلَ مَا أَمَرْتُكُمْ وَلَكِنِّي سُقْتُ الْهَدْيَ وَلا يَنْبَغِي لِسَائِقِ الْهَدْيِ أَنْ يُحِلَّ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ لَنَخْرُجَنَّ حُجَّاجاً وَرُءُوسُنَا وَشُعُورُنَا تَقْطُرُ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَمَا إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِهَذَا أَبَداً فَقَالَ لَهُ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ الْكِنَانِيُّ يَا رَسُولَ الله عُلِّمْنَا دِينَنَا كَأَنَّا خُلِقْنَا الْيَوْمَ فَهَذَا الَّذِي أَمَرْتَنَا بِهِ لِعَامِنَا هَذَا أَمْ لِمَا يَسْتَقْبِلُ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَلْ هُوَ لِلأَبَدِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ شَبَّكَ أَصَابِعَهُ وَقَالَ دَخَلَتِ الْعُمْرَةُ فِي الْحَجِّ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ وَقَدِمَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنَ الْيَمَنِ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَهُوَ بِمَكَّةَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَى فَاطِمَةَ سَلامُ الله عَلَيْهَا وَهِيَ قَدْ أَحَلَّتْ فَوَجَدَ رِيحاً طَيِّبَةً وَوَجَدَ عَلَيْهَا ثِيَاباً مَصْبُوغَةً فَقَالَ مَا هَذَا يَا فَاطِمَةُ فَقَالَتْ أَمَرَنَا بِهَذَا رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَخَرَجَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مُسْتَفْتِياً فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ فَاطِمَةَ قَدْ أَحَلَّتْ وَعَلَيْهَا ثِيَابٌ مَصْبُوغَةٌ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنَا أَمَرْتُ النَّاسَ بِذَلِكَ فَأَنْتَ يَا عَلِيُّ بِمَا أَهْلَلْتَ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِهْلالاً كَإِهْلالِ النَّبِيِّ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قِرَّ عَلَى إِحْرَامِكَ مِثْلِي وَأَنْتَ شَرِيكِي فِي هَدْيِي قَالَ وَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِمَكَّةَ بِالْبَطْحَاءِ هُوَ وَأَصْحَابُهُ وَلَمْ يَنْزِلِ الدُّورَ فَلَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ عِنْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ أَمَرَ النَّاسَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلُوا وَيُهِلُّوا بِالْحَجِّ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَى نَبِيِّهِ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَاتَّبِعُوا. مِلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَخَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَصْحَابُهُ مُهِلِّينَ بِالْحَجِّ حَتَّى أَتَى مِنًى فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ وَالْفَجْرَ ثُمَّ غَدَا وَالنَّاسُ مَعَهُ وَكَانَتْ قُرَيْشٌ تُفِيضُ مِنَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ وَهِيَ جَمْعٌ وَيَمْنَعُونَ النَّاسَ أَنْ يُفِيضُوا مِنْهَا فَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقُرَيْشٌ تَرْجُوا أَنْ تَكُونَ إِفَاضَتُهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ كَانُوا يُفِيضُونَ فَأَنْزَلَ الله تَعَالَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَفِيضُوا مِنْ حَيْثُ أَفاضَ النَّاسُ وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا الله يَعْنِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ فِي إِفَاضَتِهِمْ مِنْهَا وَمَنْ كَانَ بَعْدَهُمْ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْ قُرَيْشٌ أَنَّ قُبَّةَ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَدْ مَضَتْ كَأَنَّهُ دَخَلَ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ شَيْ‏ءٌ لِلَّذِي كَانُوا يَرْجُونَ مِنَ الإِفَاضَةِ مِنْ مَكَانِهِمْ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى نَمِرَةَ وَهِيَ بَطْنُ عُرَنَةَ بِحِيَالِ الأَرَاكِ فَضُرِبَتْ قُبَّتُهُ وَضَرَبَ النَّاسُ أَخْبِيَتَهُمْ عِنْدَهَا فَلَمَّا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمَعَهُ قُرَيْشٌ وَقَدِ اغْتَسَلَ وَقَطَعَ التَّلْبِيَةَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ فَوَعَظَ النَّاسَ وَأَمَرَهُمْ وَنَهَاهُمْ ثُمَّ صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ بِأَذَانٍ وَإِقَامَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ مَضَى إِلَى الْمَوْقِفِ فَوَقَفَ بِهِ فَجَعَلَ النَّاسُ يَبْتَدِرُونَ أَخْفَافَ نَاقَتِهِ يَقِفُونَ إِلَى جَانِبِهَا فَنَحَّاهَا فَفَعَلُوا مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ لَيْسَ مَوْضِعُ أَخْفَافِ نَاقَتِي بِالْمَوْقِفِ وَلَكِنْ هَذَا كُلُّهُ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى الْمَوْقِفِ فَتَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ وَفَعَلَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ فَوَقَفَ النَّاسُ حَتَّى وَقَعَ الْقُرْصُ قُرْصُ الشَّمْسِ ثُمَّ أَفَاضَ وَأَمَرَ النَّاسَ بِالدَّعَةِ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ وَهُوَ الْمَشْعَرُ الْحَرَامُ فَصَلَّى الْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ بِأَذَانٍ وَاحِدٍ وَإِقَامَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ حَتَّى صَلَّى فِيهَا الْفَجْرَ وَعَجَّلَ ضُعَفَاءَ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ بِلَيْلٍ وَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ لا يَرْمُوا الْجَمْرَةَ جَمْرَةَ الْعَقَبَةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَلَمَّا أَضَاءَ لَهُ النَّهَارُ أَفَاضَ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى مِنًى فَرَمَى جَمْرَةَ الْعَقَبَةِ وَكَانَ الْهَدْيُ الَّذِي جَاءَ بِهِ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَرْبَعَةً وَسِتِّينَ أَوْ سِتَّةً وَسِتِّينَ وَجَاءَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِأَرْبَعَةٍ وَثَلاثِينَ أَوْ سِتَّةٍ وَثَلاثِينَ فَنَحَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سِتَّةً وَسِتِّينَ وَنَحَرَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَرْبَعَةً وَثَلاثِينَ بَدَنَةً وَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ يُؤْخَذَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ مِنْهَا جَذْوَةٌ مِنْ لَحْمٍ ثُمَّ تُطْرَحَ فِي بُرْمَةٍ ثُمَّ تُطْبَخَ فَأَكَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَعَلِيٌّ وَحَسَوَا مِنْ مَرَقِهَا وَلَمْ يُعْطِيَا الْجَزَّارِينَ جُلُودَهَا وَلا جِلالَهَا وَلا قَلائِدَهَا وَتَصَدَّقَ بِهِ وَحَلَقَ وَزَارَ الْبَيْتَ وَرَجَعَ إِلَى مِنًى وَأَقَامَ بِهَا حَتَّى كَانَ الْيَوْمُ الثَّالِثُ مِنْ آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ ثُمَّ رَمَى الْجِمَارَ وَنَفَرَ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى الأَبْطَحِ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ عَائِشَةُ يَا رَسُولَ الله تَرْجِعُ نِسَاؤُكَ بِحَجَّةٍ وَعُمْرَةٍ مَعاً وَأَرْجِعُ بِحَجَّةٍ فَأَقَامَ بِالأَبْطَحِ وَبَعَثَ مَعَهَا عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ إِلَى التَّنْعِيمِ فَأَهَلَّتْ بِعُمْرَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْ وَطَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَصَلَّتْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَسَعَتْ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ ثُمَّ أَتَتِ النَّبِيَّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَارْتَحَلَ مِنْ يَوْمِهِ وَلَمْ يَدْخُلِ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ وَلَمْ يَطُفْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَدَخَلَ مِنْ أَعْلَى مَكَّةَ مِنْ عَقَبَةِ الْمَدَنِيِّينَ وَخَرَجَ مِنْ أَسْفَلِ مَكَّةَ مِنْ ذِي طُوًى.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, lived in al- Madinah for ten years but did not perform Hajj. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, then revealed this verse, ‘Call people for Hajj, they will come to you on foot and on lean transport animals from faraway places.’ (22:26) “He then commanded two announcers to announce loudly that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, this year has decided to perform Hajj. People of al-Madinah, people of al-‘Awaliy and Arabs all came together for Hajj of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. They only followed the Messenger of Allah and waited for his orders or did what the Messenger of Allah did. The Messenger of Allah left for Makkah just four days before the beginning of the month of Dhu al-Hajj ah. When he arrived at Dhu al-Hulayfah it was noontime, the sun had just declined to the west from a point half way between east and west overhead. He took a shower, and then went to the Masjid near the tree. He performed al-Zuhr salat (prayer), and then made his decision to perform an individual (Ifrad) Hajj. He then left and arrived at al-Bayda’, one mile away from al-Madinah, where two rows of people stood in line. He said Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command). He herded his offering animals that numbered sixty-six or sixty-four heads of cattle. He then arrived in Makkah during the end of the fourth day of Dhu al-Hajj. He performed seven times Tawaf around the House, performed two Rak‘at salat (prayer) behind the station of Ibrahim, returned to the Black Stone and touched it. He had touched it in the beginning of his Tawaf walking around the House. He then said, ‘Al-Safa’ and al-Marwah are of al-Sha’a’ir of Allah (things that remind one of Allah). So I begin with what Allah, the most High, has begun with.’ The Muslims thought that al-Sa‘y (walking) between al-Safa’ al-Marwah was something that the pagans did. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, then revealed this, ‘Al-Safa’ and al-Marwah are of al-Sha’a’ir of Allah (things that remind one of Allah). Those who perform Hajj or ‘Umrah must perform Tawaf between them.’ ( 2 : 153 ) “He then went to al-Safa’, climbed it, turned his face to the al-Yemaniy corner (of the House), thanked and praised Allah, and prayed for as long as it may take one to read Chapter two of the Holy Quran, in fluent reading. He then climbed down toward al-Marwah and stood on it just as he had done on al- Safa’ . He then climbed down and returned to al-Safa’ where he stood for a while, then came down toward al-Marwah (and so on) until he completed seven times of walking between the two places. When he completed his Sa‘y while on al-Marwah, he turned toward people, praised Allah, spoke of His glory and then said, ‘This is Jibril. He pointed with his hand to a point behind him. He commands me to command those who have not herded their sacrificial animals to come out of the state of Ihram. In future, I will not do what I have done this time (performing Ifrad Hajj and herding sacrificial animals). Instead, I will do what I am commanding you to do, but I have herded my sacrificial animals and it is not proper for one who has herded his sacrificial animals to come out of the state of Ihram (at this point) before the sacrificial animals reach their place.’ He (the Imam) said that a man from the group then said to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, ‘Must we then begin performing the acts of Hajj while water from our heads and hairs is dropping down (after taking a shower for carnal relations)?’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, then said to him, ‘You, however, will never believe in it.’ Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Jush‘am al-Kinaniy then said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach us our religion as if we are just created today. Is what you do for this year only, or it is for future also?’ The Messenger of Allah replied, ‘It certainly is forever to the Day of Judgment.’ He then grappled the fingers of one of his hands with those of the other hand saying, ‘A1-’ Umrah with Hajj are joined together up to the Day of Judgment.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then arrived in Makkah in the presence of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, from Yemen. He went to Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, when she had come out of the state of Ihram. He found her using perfume and dressed in colored clothes. He then asked, ‘Why have you done this, O Fatimah?’ She replied, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, commanded us to do so.’ Ali, Alayhi al-Salam, then went to the Messenger of Allah to find out a fatwa saying, ‘O Messenger of Allah, Fatimah has come out of the state of Ihram and has dressed up in colored clothes.’ The Messenger of Allah replied, ‘I have commanded people to do so. O Ali, how have you commenced your Hajj?’ He replied, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I have said, “My commencement of Hajj is like that of the Holy Prophet.” The Messenger of Allah then said, ‘You must remain with your Ihram as I have remained and you are my partner in my sacrificial animals.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah arrived in Makkah, at al-Batha’ along with his companions. They did not use the houses. On the day of al-Tarwiyah (eighth of Dhu al-Hajjah) at noontime, he (the Messenger of Allah) commanded people to take a shower, say Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) for Hajj. These are the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, that He revealed to His Prophet, ‘Follow the religion of (your father) Ibrahim.’ (3:89) The Messenger of Allah and his companions came out for Hajj saying Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) until they arrived in Mina, where they said salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr, al-‘Asr, al-Maghrib, al-Tsha’a and al-Fajr. In the morning, people were with him. Quraysh would leave from al-Muzdalifah, which is al-JanT, and would prevent people to leave from that place. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, came and Quraysh hoped that his leaving would be like their leaving from al-Muzdalifah. Allah, most High, then revealed this verse. ’Then you must leave (al-Muzdalifah) as people do and ask Allah for His forgiveness’ (2:198), meaning thereby, Ibrahim, Isma’il and Ishaq in their departure from it and those after them. When Quraysh saw the banner of the Messenger of Allah had passed, they felt something in their heart about leaving from their place. It (the banner) arrived at al-Namirah, which is Batn ‘ Arnah, parallel to Arak. The banner was raised and people pitched their tents there. When it was noontime, the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, came out. Quraysh also did so, along with him. He had taken a shower and had discontinued saying Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command). He stood at the door of the Masjid, preached to people of His commands and prohibitions. He then said salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr and al-’Asr with one Adhan and two Tqamah. He then went to the staying place and remained there. People began crowding around his camel. He moved his camel and they also did so. He then said, £ 0 people, the staying place is not under the feet of my camel only. This whole area’ - pointing with his hand to station - ’is the place to stay’. People then scattered around. He did the same thing in al-Muzdalifah and people stayed there until sunset, then he left and commanded people to remain calm and peaceful until they arrived in al- Muzdalifah, which is al-Mash‘ar al-Haram. He said salat (prayer) of al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’ prayers with one Adhan and two Tqamah, then he stayed until he said salat (prayer) of al-Fajr there and asked the weaker people of banu Hashim to leave quickly during the night and not to throw pebbles on al- Jamarah (Jamarah al-‘Aqabah) before sunrise. When the day became bright, he left al-Muzdalifah. He arrived in Mina. He then threw pebbles on Jamarah al-‘Aqabah. The sacrificial animals that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, had brought were sixty-four or sixty-six heads. Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had brought thirty-four heads or thirty-six heads of cattle. The Messenger of Allah offered sixty-six heads of cattle and Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, offered thirty-four heads of cattle. “The Messenger of Allah commanded him to take from the meat of every camel a piece and cook it in a pot. The Messenger of Allah and Ali, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, ate from the meat and sipped of the soup thereof. They did not give the hide or the items with which the animals were herded or decorated to the butchers. Instead, such items were given as charity to the needy. He shaved his head, visited the House, returned to Mina and stayed there until the bright days were over. He threw pebbles on al- Jamar and left until he arrived in al-Abtah. ‘A’ishah then asked, ’O Messenger of Allah, are you returning your wives with Hajj and ‘Umrah together and only I return with Hajj?’ He then stayed in al- Abtah and sent ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Bakr with her to al-Tan‘im. She said Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) for ‘Umrah from there and came for Tawaf around the House, to pray two Rak’at prayers near the station of Ibrahim, made Sa’y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, then came to the Holy Prophet. He (the Messenger of Allah) left the same day, did not enter al-Masjid al-Haram and did not perform Tawaf around the House. He entered from the upper part of Makkah from ‘Aqabah al-Madaniyin and came out from the lower part of Makkah from Dhu Tuwa’.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/110)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ هَمَّامٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَخَذَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حِينَ غَدَا مِنْ مِنًى فِي طَرِيقِ ضَبٍّ وَرَجَعَ مَا بَيْنَ الْمَأْزِمَيْنِ وَكَانَ إِذَا سَلَكَ طَرِيقاً لَمْ يَرْجِعْ فِيهِ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Isma‘il ibn Hammam who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, when leaving Mina moved through the path of Dabb and returned from between al-Mazimin, and when he walked through a path, he would not return by the same path.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/115)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حِينَ حَجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ خَرَجَ فِي أَرْبَعٍ بَقِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ حَتَّى أَتَى الشَّجَرَةَ فَصَلَّى بِهَا ثُمَّ قَادَ رَاحِلَتَهُ حَتَّى أَتَى الْبَيْدَاءَ فَأَحْرَمَ مِنْهَا وَأَهَلَّ بِالْحَجِّ وَسَاقَ مِائَةَ بَدَنَةٍ وَأَحْرَمَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ بِالْحَجِّ لا يَنْوُونَ عُمْرَةً وَلا يَدْرُونَ مَا الْمُتْعَةُ حَتَّى إِذَا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَكَّةَ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ وَطَافَ النَّاسُ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْمَقَامِ وَاسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ فَأَتَى الصَّفَا فَبَدَأَ بِهَا ثُمَّ طَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ سَبْعاً فَلَمَّا قَضَى طَوَافَهُ عِنْدَ الْمَرْوَةِ قَامَ خَطِيباً فَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يُحِلُّوا وَيَجْعَلُوهَا عُمْرَةً وَهُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَمَرَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ فَأَحَلَّ النَّاسُ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَوْ كُنْتُ اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَفَعَلْتُ كَمَا أَمَرْتُكُمْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُحِلَّ مِنْ أَجْلِ الْهَدْيِ الَّذِي كَانَ مَعَهُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَلا تَحْلِقُوا رُؤُسَكُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ الْكِنَانِيُّ يَا رَسُولَ الله عُلِّمْنَا كَأَنَّا خُلِقْنَا الْيَوْمَ أَ رَأَيْتَ هَذَا الَّذِي أَمَرْتَنَا بِهِ لِعَامِنَا هَذَا أَوْ لِكُلِّ عَامٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا بَلْ لِلأَبَدِ الأَبَدِ وَإِنَّ رَجُلاً قَامَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله نَخْرُجُ حُجَّاجاً وَرُءُوسُنَا تَقْطُرُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِهَذَا أَبَداً قَالَ وَأَقْبَلَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنَ الْيَمَنِ حَتَّى وَافَى الْحَجَّ فَوَجَدَ فَاطِمَةَ سَلامُ الله عَلَيْهَا قَدْ أَحَلَّتْ وَوَجَدَ رِيحَ الطِّيبِ فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مُسْتَفْتِياً فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَا عَلِيُّ بِأَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَهْلَلْتَ فَقَالَ أَهْلَلْتُ بِمَا أَهَلَّ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ لا تُحِلَّ أَنْتَ فَأَشْرَكَهُ فِي الْهَدْيِ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ سَبْعاً وَثَلاثِينَ وَنَحَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ثَلاثاً وَسِتِّينَ فَنَحَرَهَا بِيَدِهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ بَضْعَةً فَجَعَلَهَا فِي قِدْرٍ وَاحِدٍ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِهِ فَطُبِخَ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ وَحَسَا مِنَ الْمَرَقِ وَقَالَ قَدْ أَكَلْنَا مِنْهَا الآنَ جَمِيعاً وَالْمُتْعَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْقَارِنِ السَّائِقِ وَخَيْرٌ مِنَ الْحَاجِّ الْمُفْرِدِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ أَ لَيْلاً أَحْرَمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَمْ نَهَاراً فَقَالَ نَهَاراً قُلْتُ أَيَّةَ سَاعَةٍ قَالَ صَلاةَ الظُّهْرِ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed al- Hajjata al-Islam, he left al-Madinah when only four days from the month of Dhu al-Qa‘dah remained. When he (the Messenger of Allah) arrived at al-Shajarah, he performed Salat (prayer) then drove his stumper until he arrived in al-Bayda’, he then assumed the state of Ihram and recited Talbiyah for al- Hajj. He (the Messenger of Allah) drove one hundred camels and all the people also assumed the state of Ihram for al-Hajj. They did not have the intention for al-‘Umrah and did not know what al-Mut‘ah was. When the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, arrived in Makkah he performed Tawaf around the House. People also performed Tawaf along with him. He (the Messenger of Allah) then performed two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) near the station of Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then touched the Black Stone. He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, T commence with what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commenced. He then went to al-Safa’ to commence walking. He (the Messenger of Allah) then performed Tawaf between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah seven times. When he (the Messenger of Allah) completed his Tawaf at al-Marwah, he (the Messenger of Allah) then stood there for a speech. He (the Messenger of Allah) commanded them to come out of the state of Ihram and make it an al-‘Umrah. It is something that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commanded to do. People came out of the state of Ihram and the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, Tf I will have a chance in future I will not go back. I will do as I have commanded you to do. He (the Messenger of Allah) was not able to come out of the state of Ihram because of the offering animals, which were with him (the Messenger of Allah). Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, ‘Do not shave your heads until the offering animals reach their designated places.’ Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Jush‘am al-Kinaniy said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach us just as we are created today. What you have commanded us to do this year is it just for this year or it will be as such every year?’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘It is forever.’ A man stood up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah is it that we will come to perform al-Hajj and water will drip from our heads?’ (He thereby meant engagement in sexual activities). The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘You will never believe in it (al-Mut‘ah of al-Hajj). He (the Imam) said that Ali ‘Alayhi al-Salam, arrived from Yeman to perform al-Hajj, he found Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, who had come out of the state of Ihram, and he sensed perfumes. He (the Imam) went to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, for a fatwa. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, asked, ‘What kind of intention did you have?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘I made my intention like the intention of the Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘You must not come out of the state of Hiram.’ He (the Messenger of Allah) allowed him (the Imam) to share his offering animals and gave him (the Imam) thirty-seven. The Messenger of Allah slaughtered sixty- three. He (the Messenger of Allah) slaughtered them with his own hands. He (the Messenger of Allah) then from every camel took a certain amount of meat and placed it in one cooking pot. He then commanded to cook, then ate from the meat and sipped from the broth. He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, ‘Now we all have used the meat of our offering for food. Having al-Mut‘ah (advantage of coming out of the state of Ihram after completing the acts of ‘Umrah) is better than al-Qiran Hajj, in which one herds his offering cattle as well as performs Hajj in the form of al-Mufrad Hajj.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘Did the Messenger of Allah enter the state of Ihram during the night or during the day?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It was during the day.’ I then asked, ‘In which hour of the day was it?’ He (the Imam) replied it was at the time of the Salat (prayer) at noontime.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/116)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ذَكَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْحَجَّ فَكَتَبَ إِلَى مَنْ بَلَغَهُ كِتَابُهُ مِمَّنْ دَخَلَ فِي الإِسْلامِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يُرِيدُ الْحَجَّ يُؤْذِنُهُمْ بِذَلِكَ لِيَحُجَّ مَنْ أَطَاقَ الْحَجَّ فَأَقْبَلَ النَّاسُ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ الشَّجَرَةَ أَمَرَ النَّاسَ بِنَتْفِ الإِبْطِ وَحَلْقِ الْعَانَةِ وَالْغُسْلِ وَالتَّجَرُّدِ فِي إِزَارٍ وَرِدَاءٍ أَوْ إِزَارٍ وَعِمَامَةٍ يَضَعُهَا عَلَى عَاتِقِهِ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ رِدَاءٌ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ حَيْثُ لَبَّى قَالَ لَبَّيْكَ اللهمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يُكْثِرُ مِنْ ذِي الْمَعَارِجِ وَكَانَ يُلَبِّي كُلَّمَا لَقِيَ رَاكِباً أَوْ عَلا أَكَمَةً أَوْ هَبَطَ وَادِياً وَمِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ وَفِي أَدْبَارِ الصَّلَوَاتِ فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ مَكَّةَ دَخَلَ مِنْ أَعْلاهَا مِنَ الْعَقَبَةِ وَخَرَجَ حِينَ خَرَجَ مِنْ ذِي طُوًى فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ اسْتَقْبَلَ الْكَعْبَةَ وَذَكَرَ ابْنُ سِنَانٍ أَنَّهُ بَابُ بَنِي شَيْبَةَ فَحَمِدَ الله وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَصَلَّى عَلَى أَبِيهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْحَجَرَ فَاسْتَلَمَهُ فَلَمَّا طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ خَلْفَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَدَخَلَ زَمْزَمَ فَشَرِبَ مِنْهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْماً نَافِعاً وَرِزْقاً وَاسِعاً وَشِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ وَسُقْمٍ فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ وَهُوَ مُسْتَقْبِلُ الْكَعْبَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لأَصْحَابِهِ لِيَكُنْ آخِرُ عَهْدِكُمْ بِالْكَعْبَةِ اسْتِلامَ الْحَجَرِ فَاسْتَلَمَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّفَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ الله بِهِ ثُمَّ صَعِدَ عَلَى الصَّفَا فَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ مِقْدَارَ مَا يَقْرَأُ الإِنْسَانُ سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, mentioned al- Hajj. He (the Messenger of Allah) then wrote a letter to those who received his letter and who had accepted Islam that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has decided to perform al-Hajj. He (the Messenger of Allah) has given permission to all those who are capable to perform al-Hajj to do so. People came. When they arrived at al-Shajarah, he (the Messenger of Allah) commanded them to clean their under- arms, pubic hairs, and take a shower; that they must wear just a loincloth, a sheet of cloth on their shoulders and a turban to place it on their shoulder if one did not have the sheet of cloth to place on his shoulders. He (the Imam) has mentioned that when he (the Messenger of Allah) said Talbiyah he (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘O Lord, here I am to obey your command, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Indeed You have no partners, here I am to obey Your command, all praise, all bounties and the whole kingdom belong to You, You indeed have no partners.’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would say ‘O the owner of exalted status’ a great deal. He (the Messenger of Allah) said Talbiyah when coming across a rider, climb a height, climb down a hill or a valley, toward the end of the night and after Salat (prayer). When he (the Messenger of Allah) entered Makkah, he (the Messenger of Allah) did so from the upper part of Makkah, from al-‘Aqabah and left when he left through Dhi Tuwa’. When he (the Messenger of Allah) arrived at the door of the Masjid, he (the Messenger of Allah) faced al-Ka’bah.’ Ibn Sinan has mentioned that it was the gate of banu Shaybah. He (the Messenger of Allah) praised Allah, spoke of His glory, prayed for Ibrahim and then he (the Messenger of Allah) moved to the Black Stone and touched it. When he performed Tawaf around the House he (the Messenger of Allah) then performed two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) behind the station of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam. He (the Messenger of Allah) entered Zamzam, drank thereof and said, ‘O Allah, I appeal before You for useful knowledge, extended means of living and cure for all illnesses.’ He would say this with his face toward al-Ka‘bah. He (the Messenger of Allah) said to his companions that your last meeting with al-Ka’bah should be touching the Black Stone. He (the Messenger of Allah) touched the Black Stone; then moved to al-Safa’ then said, ‘I begin with what Allah has begun’, then he (the Messenger of Allah) climbed al-Safa’, stood there for a time within which one can recite Chapter two of al-Quran.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/117)



8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ نَحَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِيَدِهِ ثَلاثاً وَسِتِّينَ وَنَحَرَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا غَبَرَ قُلْتُ سَبْعَةً وَثَلاثِينَ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


8. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, slaughtered sixty-three heads of cattle with his own hand; and Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, slaughtered the rest.’ I then asked, ‘Was it thirty- seven ?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes. It was thirty-seven.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/118)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الَّذِي كَانَ عَلَى بُدْنِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) نَاجِيَةُ بْنُ جُنْدَبٍ الْخُزَاعِيُّ الأَسْلَمِيُّ وَالَّذِي حَلَقَ رَأْسَ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي حَجَّتِهِ مَعْمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ حَرَاثَةَ بْنِ نَصْرِ بْنِ عَوْفِ بْنِ عَوِيجِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ قَالَ وَلَمَّا كَانَ فِي حَجَّةِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَهُوَ يَحْلِقُهُ قَالَتْ قُرَيْشٌ أَيْ مَعْمَرُ أُذُنُ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي يَدِكَ وَفِي يَدِكَ الْمُوسَى فَقَالَ مَعْمَرٌ وَالله إِنِّي لأَعُدُّهُ مِنَ الله فَضْلاً عَظِيماً عَلَيَّ قَالَ وَكَانَ مَعْمَرٌ هُوَ الَّذِي يَرْحَلُ لِرَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله يَا مَعْمَرُ إِنَّ الرَّحْلَ اللَّيْلَةَ لَمُسْتَرْخًى فَقَالَ مَعْمَرٌ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي لَقَدْ شَدَدْتُهُ كَمَا كُنْتُ أَشُدُّهُ وَلَكِنْ بَعْضُ مَنْ حَسَدَنِي مَكَانِي مِنْكَ يَا رَسُولَ الله أَرَادَ أَنْ تَسْتَبْدِلَ بِي فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the person in charge of herding the camel for offering by the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, was Najiyah ibn Jundab al-Khuza‘iy al-Aslamiy. The person who shaved the head of the Holy Prophet during his Hajj was Mu‘amar ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Harithah ibn Nasr ibn ‘Awf ibn ‘Awiyj ibn ‘Adiy ibn Ka’b. He (the Imam) said, ‘During the Hajj of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, as he shaved his head, Quraysh said to him, ‘O Mu’ammar, the ear of the Messenger of Allah is in your hand. Also in your hand is the shaving knife . 5 Mu’ammar then said, ‘I by Allah consider it a great favor on me . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Mu’ammar was he who would prepare the saddle on the camel for the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah asked him, ‘O Mu’ammar, how is it that the saddle is prepared loose tonight ? 5 He replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I had prepared it tight as usually I do, but certain ones jealous of my nearness to you wanted to replace me . 5 The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘I would not have allowed it to happen . ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/118)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ اعْتَمَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ثَلاثَ عُمَرٍ مُفْتَرِقَاتٍ عُمْرَةً فِي ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ أَهَلَّ مِنْ عُسْفَانَ وَهِيَ عُمْرَةُ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ وَعُمْرَةً أَهَلَّ مِنَ الْجُحْفَةِ وَهِيَ عُمْرَةُ الْقَضَاءِ وَعُمْرَةً أَهَلَّ مِنَ الْجِعْرَانَةِ بَعْدَ مَا رَجَعَ مِنَ الطَّائِفِ مِنْ غَزْوَةِ حُنَيْنٍ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed three ‘Umrah separately. He performed one ‘Umrah in Dhu al-Qa 5 dah, in which he said Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) in ‘Usfan (name of a place) and that was ‘Umrah al-Hudaybiyah. He performed one ‘Umrah, in which he said Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) in al- Juhfah and it, was ‘Umrah of al-Qada 5 . He performed one ‘Umrah, for which he said Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command) in al-Ja‘ranah after his return from al-Ta 5 if from the battle of Hunayn.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/119)



11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَ حَجَّ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) غَيْرَ حَجَّةِ الْوَدَاعِ قَالَ نَعَمْ عِشْرِينَ حَجَّةً.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Najran from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Did the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, perform any other Hajj besides the farewell Hajj ? 5 He replied, ‘Yes, he did so twenty times . ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/120)



12ـ سَهْلٌ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عِيسَى الْفَرَّاءِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَجَّ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عِشْرِينَ حَجَّةً مُسْتَسِرَّةً كُلُّهَا يَمُرُّ بِالْمَأْزِمَيْنِ فَيَنْزِلُ فَيَبُولُ.


12. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Faddal from ‘Isa al-Farra’ from ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, 0 Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed twenty Hajj secretly, every time he would pass by the Mazimin and disembark and pass water.”




13ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ اعْتَمَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عُمْرَةَ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ وَقَضَى الْحُدَيْبِيَةَ مِنْ قَابِلٍ وَمِنَ الْجِعْرَانَةِ حِينَ أَقْبَلَ مِنَ الطَّائِفِ ثَلاثَ عُمَرٍ كُلُّهُنَّ فِي ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ.


13. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Ja’far ibn Sama‘ah and Muhammad ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam all from Aban who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed ‘Umrah of al-Hudaybiyah and Qada’ of al-Hudaybiyah next time, and from al-Ja‘ranah when coming from al-Ta’if. All three ‘Umrah took place in the month of Dhu al-Qa’dah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/120)



14ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ ذُكِرَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) اعْتَمَرَ فِي ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ ثَلاثَ عُمَرٍ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ يُوَافِقُ عُمْرَتُهُ ذَا الْقَعْدَةِ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed three ‘Umrah in the month of Dhu al-Qa’dah; all of them coincided with his al-‘Umrah in the month of Dhu al-Qa’dah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/121)