Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > Disciplines During Fasting
Hadith #9

9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الصِّيَامَ لَيْسَ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ وَالشَّرَابِ وَحْدَهُ إِنَّ مَرْيَمَ (عَلَيْها السَّلاَم) قَالَتْ إِنِّي نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمنِ صَوْماً أَيْ صَمْتاً فَاحْفَظُوا أَلْسِنَتَكُمْ وَغُضُّوا أَبْصَارَكُمْ وَلا تَحَاسَدُوا وَلا تَنَازَعُوا فَإِنَّ الْحَسَدَ يَأْكُلُ الإِيمَانَ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ الْحَطَبَ.

9. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from al-Washsha’ from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Fasting is not abstaining from food and drink only. Mary had said, “I have made a vow before the Beneficent to fast,” meaning thereby to remain silent. You must control your tongues and cast down your eyes. You must not be jealous and you must not quarrel. Jealousy consumes belief just as fire consumes fire wood.’”