Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > Salah (prayer) for Rain
Hadith #1

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَالْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُرَّةَ مَوْلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ صَاحَ أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ فِي الاسْتِسْقَاءِ فَقَالَ لِيَ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَسَلْهُ مَا رَأْيُكَ فَإِنَّ هَؤُلاَءِ قَدْ صَاحُوا إِلَيَّ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَقَالَ لِي قُلْ لَهُ فَلْيَخْرُجْ قُلْتُ لَهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ يَوْمَ الاثْنَيْنِ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ قَالَ يُخْرِجُ الْمِنْبَرَ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ يَمْشِي كَمَا يَمْشِي يَوْمَ الْعِيدَيْنِ وَبَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ الْمُؤَذِّنُونَ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ عَنَزُهُمْ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ بِغَيْرِ أَذَانٍ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٍ ثُمَّ يَصْعَدُ الْمِنْبَرَ فَيَقْلِبُ رِدَاءَهُ فَيَجْعَلُ الَّذِي عَلَى يَمِينِهِ عَلَى يَسَارِهِ وَالَّذِي عَلَى يَسَارِهِ عَلَى يَمِينِهِ ثُمَّ يَسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةَ فَيُكَبِّرُ الله مِائَةَ تَكْبِيرَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ فَيُسَبِّحُ الله مِائَةَ تَسْبِيحَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَى النَّاسِ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَيُهَلِّلُ الله مِائَةَ تَهْلِيلَةٍ رَافِعاً بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَقْبِلُ النَّاسَ فَيَحْمَدُ الله مِائَةَ تَحْمِيدَةٍ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ فَيَدْعُو ثُمَّ يَدْعُونَ فَإِنِّي لأَرْجُو أَنْ لاَ يَخِيبُوا قَالَ فَفَعَلَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعْنَا جَاءَ الْمَطَرُ قَالُوا هَذَا مِنْ تَعْلِيمِ جَعْفَرٍ. وَفِي رِوَايَةِ يُونُسَ فَمَا رَجَعْنَا حَتَّى أَهَمَّتْنَا أَنْفُسُنَا.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Muhammad ibn Muslim and al-Husayn ibn Muhammad from ’Abd Allah ibn ‘Amir from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Ahmad ibn Sulayman all from Murrah Mawla’ Muhammad ibn Khalid who has said the following: “People of al-Madinah cried before Muhammad ibn Khalid about Salah (prayer) for rain. He said to me, ’Go to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and ask him what is his opinion. These people cry before me.’ I went to him (the Imam) and conveyed to him (the Imam) the message. He (the Imam) told me to tell him (Muhammad ibn Khalid) to go out (for Salah (prayer) for rain). I then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, when he should go out? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘He should go out on Monday.’ I then asked, ‘What should he do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He takes out the pulpit, then he goes out and walks as it is done on both ‘Id days with those calling Adhan in front of him with their staff in their hands, until they are in the place for Salah (prayer). He performs, with people, two Rak‘at without Adhan and ‘Iqamah, then he climbs on the pulpit with his gown turned upside down by wearing its right shoulder (sleeve) on his left shoulder (arm) and its left sleeve on his right shoulder. He then faces al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah) and says Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to people on his right side and says Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to the people on his left side and says Tahlil, (no one deserves worship except Allah) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then turns to the people and says Tahmid, (all praise belongs to Allah) one hundred times, raising his voice. He then raises his hand and pleads. They also plead. I hope they will not be deprived.’ He (the narrator) has said that he followed the instruction and when we returned rain came and they said, ‘It is of the instruction of Ja‘far (‘ Alayhi al-Salam).’” “In the narration of Yunus it is said, ‘We had not returned yet that rain came.’” (Hadith 1 is best explained by fatwa.)