Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > The Times of Maghrib and ‘Isha’ Salah (Prayer)
Hadith #9

9ـ وَرَوَاهُ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَالْفُضَيْلِ قَالاَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) إِنَّ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَقْتَيْنِ غَيْرَ الْمَغْرِبِ فَإِنَّ وَقْتَهَا وَاحِدٌ وَوَقْتَهَا وُجُوبُهَا وَوَقْتَ فَوْتِهَا سُقُوطُ الشَّفَقِ. وَرُوِيَ أَيْضاً أَنَّ لَهَا وَقْتَيْنِ آخِرُ وَقْتِهَا سُقُوطُ الشَّفَقِ. وَلَيْسَ هَذَا مِمَّا يُخَالِفُ الْحَدِيثَ الأوَّلَ إِنَّ لَهَا وَقْتاً وَاحِداً لأَنَّ الشَّفَقَ هُوَ الْحُمْرَةُ وَلَيْسَ بَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ وَبَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّفَقِ إِلاَّ شَيْ‏ءٌ يَسِيرٌ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ عَلاَمَةَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ بُلُوغُ الْحُمْرَةِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلَيْسَ بَيْنَ بُلُوغِ الْحُمْرَةِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَبَيْنَ غَيْبُوبَتِهَا إِلاَّ قَدْرُ مَا يُصَلِّي الإِنْسَانُ صَلاَةَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَنَوَافِلَهَا إِذَا صَلاَّهَا عَلَى تُؤَدَةٍ وَسُكُونٍ وَقَدْ تَفَقَّدْتُ ذَلِكَ غَيْرَ مَرَّةٍ وَلِذَلِكَ صَارَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ ضَيِّقاً.

9. He has narrated it from Zurarah and al-Fudayl who have said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For every Salah (prayer) there are two timings except al- Maghrib; its timing is one and it is the time when it becomes obligatory. It ends with the disappearance of al-Shafaq (redness in the west).”’ “It is also narrated that there are two timings for al-Maghrib and it ends with the disappearance of al- Shafaq (redness). It does not disagree with the previous Hadith that says it has one time; because al- Shafaq is the redness. The time between sunset and disappearance of al-Shafaq is not very long. The sign of sunset is when redness reaches past one’s overhead when facing the direction of sunset, and it is a short time. The time between the reaching of the redness in the western horizon and its disappearance is not more than a time that takes one to complete al-Maghrib Salah (prayer) and its Nawafil (optional) Salah (prayer), if they are performed comfortably. I have examined it many times and for this reason the timing for al-Maghrib is narrow.”