45. The Sunnah about Mahr

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ وَجَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ صَدَاقُ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشّاً وَالأوقِيَّةُ أَرْبَعُونَ دِرْهَماً وَالنَّشُّ عِشْرُونَ دِرْهَماً وَهُوَ نِصْفُ الأوقِيَّةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman and Jamil ibn Darraj from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The amount of mahr (dower) the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, paid was twelve Awqiyah and one Nashsha. Al-Awqiyah is equal to forty dirham and one al-Nashsha is equal to twenty dirham and it is equal to one-half of al- Awqiyah.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: السندان ضعيفا ن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/100)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ سَاقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشّاً وَالأوقِيَّةُ أَرْبَعُونَ دِرْهَماً وَالنَّشُّ نِصْفُ الأوقِيَّةِ عِشْرُونَ دِرْهَماً فَكَانَ ذَلِكَ خَمْسَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ قُلْتُ بِوَزْنِنَا قَالَ نَعَمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The amount of mahr (dower) the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, paid to his wives was twelve Awqiyah and one Nashsha. Al-Awqiyah is equal to forty dirham and one al-Nashsha is equal to one-half of al-Awqiyah. It was five hundred dirham/ I then asked, ‘Was it according to our weighing system?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, that is how it was.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/100)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الصَّدَاقِ هَلْ لَهُ وَقْتٌ قَالَ لا ثُمَّ قَالَ كَانَ صَدَاقُ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشّاً وَالنَّشُّ نِصْفُ الأوقِيَّةِ وَالأوقِيَّةُ أَرْبَعُونَ دِرْهَماً فَذَلِكَ خَمْسُمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Dawud ibn al- Husayn from abu al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about mahr (dower); if there is an appointed time to pay it. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, there is no particular time for it.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘The amount of mahr (dower) the Messenger of Allah paid was twelve Awqiyah and one Nashsha. One al-Nashsha is equal to one-half of al-Awqiyah and al-Awqiyah is equal to forty dirham and it was five hundred dirham.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/101)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَهَرَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) نِسَاءَهُ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشّاً وَالأوقِيَّةُ أَرْبَعُونَ دِرْهَماً وَالنَّشُّ نِصْفُ الأوقِيَّةِ وَهُوَ عِشْرُونَ دِرْهَماً.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The amount of mahr (dower) the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, paid to his wives was twelve Awqiyah and one Nashsha. Al-Awqiyah is equal to forty dirham and one al-Nashsha is equal to one-half of al-Awqiyah which is twenty dirham.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/101)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَالَ أَبِي مَا زَوَّجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سَائِرَ بَنَاتِهِ وَلا تَزَوَّجَ شَيْئاً مِنْ نِسَائِهِ عَلَى أَكْثَرَ مِنِ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشٍّ الأوقِيَّةُ أَرْبَعُونَ وَالنَّشُّ عِشْرُونَ دِرْهَماً.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying that my father has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did not give in marriage any of his daughters or marry any of his wives for a mahr (dower) of more than twelve Awqiyah and one Nashsha. Awqiyah is equal to twelve dirham and one Nashsha is equal to twenty dirham.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/101)



6- وَرَوَى حَمَّادٌ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ وَكَانَتِ الدَّرَاهِمُ وَزْنَ سِتَّةٍ يَوْمَئِذٍ.


6. And Hammad has narrated from Ibrahim ibn abu Yahya who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The weight of dirham in those days was six.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/101)



7- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ مَهْرِ السُّنَّةِ كَيْفَ صَارَ خَمْسَمِائَةٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى أَوْجَبَ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ أَلا يُكَبِّرَهُ مُؤْمِنٌ مِائَةَ تَكْبِيرَةٍ وَيُسَبِّحَهُ مِائَةَ تَسْبِيحَةٍ وَيُحَمِّدَهُ مِائَةَ تَحْمِيدَةٍ وَيُهَلِّلَهُ مِائَةَ تَهْلِيلَةٍ وَيُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ اللهُمَّ زَوِّجْنِي مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِينِ إِلا زَوَّجَهُ اللهُ حَوْرَاءَ عَيْنٍ وَجَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مَهْرَهَا ثُمَّ أَوْحَى اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ سُنَّ مُهُورَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ خَمْسَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَفَعَلَ ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ خَطَبَ إِلَى أَخِيهِ حُرْمَتَهُ فَقَالَ خَمْسُمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَلَمْ يُزَوِّجْهُ فَقَدْ عَقَّهُ وَاسْتَحَقَّ مِنَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَلا يُزَوِّجَهُ حَوْرَاءَ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from al-Husayn ibn Khalid and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Uthman al-Khazzaz from a man from al-Husayn ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about mahr (dower) according to Sunnah and how it has become five hundred. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most Blessed, most High, has made obligatory upon Himself that if any believing person says one hundred times Takbir (Allah is great beyond description), one hundred times, Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects), one hundred times, Tahmid, (all praise belongs to Allah), one hundred times, Tahlil, (no one deserves worship except Allah) one hundred times and one hundred times, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and then says, ‘O Allah pair me up with Hur al-‘In .’ Allah pairs him up with a Hawra’ al-‘In and makes this (things he has said) as mahr (dower). Then Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sent revelation to His Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, to set mahr (dower) for the believing women at five hundred dirham. The Messenger of Allah followed the instruction and if any believing man proposes marriage to his brother in belief for his graceful daughter with five hundred dirham as mahr (dower) and he does not agree, he has caused a suspension and he will not deserve from Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, to pair him with Hur al-‘In.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: السندان مجهول ن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/102)