177. Gheera (Vigilant Protectionism)

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى غَيُورٌ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ غَيُورٍ وَلِغَيْرَتِهِ حَرَّمَ الْفَوَاحِشَ ظَاهِرَهَا وَبَاطِنَهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most High, is Vigilant (protective of His cause) and He loves every vigilant one and due to His vigilance He has made both apparent and hidden indecency unlawful. ’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/375)



2- عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَوْهَرِيِّ عَنْ حَبِيبٍ الْخَثْعَمِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِذَا لَمْ يَغَرِ الرَّجُلُ فَهُوَ مَنْكُوسُ الْقَلْبِ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad al-Jawhariy from Habib al- Khath’amiy from ‘Abd Allah ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘One who is not vigilant and protective, his heart is upside down.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/375)



3- عَنْهُ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا أُغِيرَ الرَّجُلُ فِي أَهْلِهِ أَوْ بَعْضِ مَنَاكِحِهِ مِنْ مَمْلُوكِهِ فَلَمْ يَغَرْ وَلَمْ يُغَيِّرْ بَعَثَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهِ طَائِراً يُقَالُ لَهُ الْقَفَنْدَرُ حَتَّى يَسْقُطَ عَلَى عَارِضَةِ بَابِهِ ثُمَّ يُمْهِلَهُ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ يَهْتِفَ بِهِ إِنَّ اللهَ غَيُورٌ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ غَيُورٍ فَإِنْ هُوَ غَارَ وَغَيَّرَ وَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ فَأَنْكَرَهُ وَإِلا طَارَ حَتَّى يَسْقُطَ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ فَيَخْفِقَ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ عَلَى عَيْنَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَطِيرَ عَنْهُ فَيَنْزِعُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ رُوحَ الإيمَانِ وَتُسَمِّيهِ الْمَلائِكَةُ الدَّيُّوثَ.


3. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from ibn Mahbub from Ishaq ibn Jarir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man’s vigilance is shaken in matters of protection for his family and wife or those married to him, like his slave-girl, but does not act vigilantly, Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sends a bird called al-Qafandar which sits on the upper portion of his door and gives him forty days and calls him saying, ‘Allah is vigilant and loves vigilant people.’ If he then acts vigilantly, changes and dislikes what has shaken his sense of protectionism, otherwise, the bird flies, sits on his head and hangs its wings on his eyes; then Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, removes the spirit of belief and faith from him and the angels call him a pimp.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/376)



4- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) غَيُوراً وَأَنَا أَغْيَرُ مِنْهُ وَجَدَعَ اللهُ أَنْفَ مَنْ لا يَغَارُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ.


4. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from more than one person who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam was vigilant and protective and I am more vigilant and protective than he was. Allah cuts-off the noses of those who do not exercise vigilance in favor of the believing and Muslims.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/376)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ شَيْطَاناً يُقَالُ لَهُ الْقَفَنْدَرُ إِذَا ضُرِبَ فِي مَنْزِلِ الرَّجُلِ أَرْبَعِينَ صَبَاحاً بِالْبَرْبَطِ وَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ الرِّجَالُ وَضَعَ ذَلِكَ الشَّيْطَانُ كُلَّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهُ عَلَى مِثْلِهِ مِنْ صَاحِبِ الْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ نَفَخَ فِيهِ نَفْخَةً فَلا يَغَارُ بَعْدَ هَذَا حَتَّى تُؤْتَى نِسَاؤُهُ فَلا يَغَارُ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Ishaq ibn Jarir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘When a Satan called al-Qafandar, plays the lute in a man’s home and men come in his house, that Satan places every part of his body on the similar one of that man, owner of the house, then he blows in him a blow and thereafter that man does not exercise any vigilance or protective measures even if people go to his women.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/376)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا أَهْلَ الْعِرَاقِ نُبِّئْتُ أَنَّ نِسَاءَكُمْ يُدَافِعْنَ الرِّجَالَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ أَمَا تَسْتَحْيُونَ. وَفِي حَدِيثٍ آخَرَ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَمَا تَسْتَحْيُونَ وَلا تَغَارُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ يَخْرُجْنَ إِلَى الأسْوَاقِ وَيُزَاحِمْنَ الْعُلُوجَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin once said, ‘O people of Iraq I am informed that your women push men on the road, are you not ashamed?’ In another Hadith it is said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Are you not ashamed of not exercising vigilance when your women go out in the market and become crowded with al-‘Aluj (uneducated faithless ones)!”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/377)



7- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ ثَلاثَةٌ لا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلا يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ الشَّيْخُ الزَّانِي وَالدَّيُّوثُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ تُوطِئُ فِرَاشَ زَوْجِهَا.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from ibn Muskan from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘On the Day of Judgment Allah will not speak to three kinds of people and will not cleanse them and they suffer a painful suffering. One is an old fornicating man, a pimp and a woman who allows men to go in the bed of her husband with her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/377)



8- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ حُرِّمَتِ الْجَنَّةُ عَلَى الدَّيُّوثِ.


8. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Maymun who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Paradise is made unlawful for a pimp.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/378)



9- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَنْبَسَةَ عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الأسَدِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي الْمِقْدَامِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَاصِمِيُّ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَميِرَ الْمُؤْمنِيِنَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَتَبَ فِي رِسَالَتِهِ إِلَى الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِيَّاكَ وَالتَّغَايُرَ فِي غَيْرِ مَوْضِعِ الْغَيْرَةِ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ يَدْعُو الصَّحِيحَةَ مِنْهُنَّ إِلَى السَّقَمِ وَلَكِنْ أَحْكِمْ أَمْرَهُنَّ فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ عَيْباً فَعَجِّلِ النَّكِيرَ عَلَى الصَّغِيرِ وَالْكَبِيرِ فَإِنْ تَعَيَّنْتَ مِنْهُنَّ الرَّيْبَ فَيُعَظَّمُ الذَّنْبُ وَيُهَوَّنُ الْعَتْبُ.


9. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from certain persons of his people from Ja’far ibn ‘Anbasah from ‘Ubadah ibn Ziyad al-Asadiy from ‘Amr ibn abu al-Miqdam from Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Asemiy from those who narrated to him from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Hassan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Kathir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin in a letter to al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must be on your guard against vigilance and protectionism in an improper instance because it can lead the ones (of women) with perfect manners into one of ill-behaving one, however, you must fortify their (women’s) condition and if you find a defect then hasten to disapprove it regardless it is small or large. If you find their behavior doubtful, then the sin becomes great and deviation becomes easy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/378)