111. Rare Ahadith

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ بَشِيرِ بْنِ حَمْزَةَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ قَالَ بَعَثَتْ إِلَيَّ ابْنَةُ عَمٍّ لِي كَانَ لَهَا مَالٌ كَثِيرٌ قَدْ عَرَفْتَ كَثْرَةَ مَنْ يَخْطُبُنِي مِنَ الرِّجَالِ فَلَمْ أُزَوِّجْهُمْ نَفْسِي وَمَا بَعَثْتُ إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً فِي الرِّجَالِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّهُ أَحَلَّهَا اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَبَيَّنَهَا رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي سُنَّتِهِ فَحَرَّمَهَا زُفَرُ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أُطِيعَ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَوْقَ عَرْشِهِ وَأُطِيعَ رَسُولَ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَعْصِيَ زُفَرَ فَتَزَوَّجْنِي مُتْعَةً فَقُلْتُ لَهَا حَتَّى أَدْخُلَ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَأَسْتَشِيرَهُ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَخَبَّرْتُهُ فَقَالَ افْعَلْ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْكُمَا مِنْ زَوْجٍ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Bashir ibn Hamzah from a man from Quraysh who has said the following: “Once a daughter of my uncle, who was quite wealthy, sent me a message saying, ‘As you know, many men propose marriage to me, but I do not give myself in marriage to anyone and my message to you is not because of my desire for men except it has come to my notice that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has made it lawful in His book and the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, explained it in his Sunnah but Zafar prohibited and I like to obey Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, on His throne and obey the Messenger of Allah while Zafar has disobeyed. So marry me in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage).’ I replied, ‘Allow me to visit abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and ask him for his advice.’ I visited him (the Imam) and informed him (the Imam) about it and he (the Imam) said, ‘You can accept her proposal, may Allah grant you blessings as husband and wife.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/254)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ مُتْعَةً أَيَّاماً مَعْلُومَةً فَتَجِيئُهُ فِي بَعْضِ أَيَّامِهَا فَتَقُولُ إِنِّي قَدْ بَغَيْتُ قَبْلَ مَجِيئِي إِلَيْكَ بِسَاعَةٍ أَوْ بِيَوْمٍ هَلْ لَهُ أَنْ يَطَأَهَا وَقَدْ أَقَرَّتْ لَهُ بِبَغْيِهَا قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَطَأَهَا.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries a woman in the form of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) for an appointed time and one day she comes to him and says that she has committed fornication just before an hour or day; if he can go to bed with her when she has confessed her committing fornication. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not proper for him to go to bed with her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/255)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَدْخَلَ جَارِيَةً يَتَمَتَّعُ بِهَا ثُمَّ أُنْسِيَ أَنْ يَشْتَرِطَ حَتَّى وَاقَعَهَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ حَدُّ الزَّانِي قَالَ لا وَلَكِنْ يَتَمَتَّعُ بِهَا بَعْدَ النِّكَاحِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ مِمَّا أَتَى.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain persons of his people from Zur’ah ibn Muhammad from Sanaa ‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘A man goes to bed with a girl (slave-girl) in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) and forgets to mention the conditions until he has gone to bed with her; if he must be punished as a fornicator. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, but he can take advantage after forming marriage and ask Allah to forgive him because of what he has done.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/255)



4- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ بَكَّارِ بْنِ كَرْدَمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الرَّجُلُ يَلْقَى الْمَرْأَةَ فَيَقُولُ لَهَا زَوِّجِينِي نَفْسَكِ شَهْراً وَلا يُسَمِّي الشَّهْرَ بِعَيْنِهِ ثُمَّ يَمْضِي فَيَلْقَاهَا بَعْدَ سِنِينَ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ شَهْرُهُ إِنْ كَانَ سَمَّاهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ سَمَّاهُ فَلا سَبِيلَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from certain persons of our people from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-’Aziz ibn ‘Isa ibn Sulayman from Bakkar ibn Kardam who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who meets a woman, then asks her to give herself in marriage in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) to him for a month; but does not identify the month. Times pass and he meets her after several years. He (the Imam) said, ‘Had he specified the month he deserved it, if the month was not specified he could not claim anything from her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/255)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِالرَّجُلِ يَتَمَتَّعُ بِالْمَرْأَةِ عَلَى حُكْمِهِ وَلَكِنْ لا بُدَّ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يُعْطِيَهَا شَيْئاً لأنَّهُ إِنْ أُحْدِثَ بِهِ حَدَثٌ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا مِيرَاثٌ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not unlawful for a man to marry a woman in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) because of leaving herself at his disposal, but it is necessary to give her something; if anything happens to him she will not inherit his legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/256)



6- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً مُتْعَةً ثُمَّ وَثَبَ عَلَيْهَا أَهْلُهَا فَزَوَّجُوهَا بِغَيْرِ إِذْنِهَا عَلانِيَةً وَالْمَرْأَةُ امْرَأَةُ صِدْقٍ كَيْفَ الْحِيلَةُ قَالَ لا تُمَكِّنْ زَوْجَهَا مِنْ نَفْسِهَا حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ شَرْطُهَا وَعِدَّتُهَا قُلْتُ إِنَّ شَرْطَهَا سَنَةٌ وَلا يَصْبِرُ لَهَا زَوْجُهَا وَلا أَهْلُهَا سَنَةً قَالَ فَلْيَتَّقِ اللهَ زَوْجُهَا الأوَّلُ وَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ عَلَيْهَا بِالأيَّامِ فَإِنَّهَا قَدِ ابْتُلِيَتْ وَالدَّارُ دَارُ هُدْنَةٍ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ فِي تَقِيَّةٍ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ تَصَدَّقَ عَلَيْهَا بِأَيَّامِهَا وَانْقَضَتْ عِدَّتُهَا كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ قَالَ إِذَا خَلا الرَّجُلُ فَلْتَقُلْ هِيَ يَا هَذَا إِنَّ أَهْلِي وَثَبُوا عَلَيَّ فَزَوَّجُونِي مِنْكَ بِغَيْرِ أَمْرِي وَلَمْ يَسْتَأْمِرُونِي وَإِنِّي الآنَ قَدْ رَضِيتُ فَاسْتَأْنِفْ أَنْتَ الآنَ فَتَزَوَّجْنِي تَزْوِيجاً صَحِيحاً فِيمَا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ.


6. Ali has narrated from his father from certain persons of his people from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries a woman in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage), then people of her family leap in her case and give her in marriage publicly without her permission. She is a truthful person; if there is a solution to her case. He (the Imam) said, ‘She must not allow her husband to approach her until the condition (of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage)) and her waiting period is over/ I then said, ‘Her condition is for one year and her husband and her family do not wait for her/ He (the Imam) said, ‘Her first husband must feel fear of Allah and give up to her as charity the remaining of the time when she is being troubled. It is peace time and believing people live with Taqiyah (conceal their belief)/ I then said, ‘He has given such charity and her waiting period is also complete; now what she must do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘She, in private, can say to him that her family had lept in her case and had given her in marriage to him without her permission, command and instructions and that now she agrees, so he must allow to solemnize the marriage all over again in a correct manner between the two of them/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/256)



7- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَمَّرِ بْنِ خَلادٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ مُتْعَةً فَيَحْمِلُهَا مِنْ بَلَدٍ إِلَى بَلَدٍ فَقَالَ يَجُوزُ النِّكَاحُ الآخَرُ وَلا يَجُوزُ هَذَا.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Mu’ammar ibn Khallad who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries a woman in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) and then takes her from one town to another town. He (the Imam) said, ‘Another marriage is permissible but this is not permissible/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/257)



8- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ نُوحِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَقَالَتْ إِنِّي زَنَيْتُ فَطَهِّرْنِي فَأَمَرَ بِهَا أَنْ تُرْجَمَ فَأُخْبِرَ بِذَلِكَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ كَيْفَ زَنَيْتِ فَقَالَتْ مَرَرْتُ بِالْبَادِيَةِ فَأَصَابَنِي عَطَشٌ شَدِيدٌ فَاسْتَسْقَيْتُ أَعْرَابِيّاً فَأَبَى أَنْ يَسْقِيَنِي إِلا أَنْ أُمَكِّنَهُ مِنْ نَفْسِي فَلَمَّا أَجْهَدَنِي الْعَطَشُ وَخِفْتُ عَلَى نَفْسِي سَقَانِي فَأَمْكَنْتُهُ مِنْ نَفْسِي فَقَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) تَزْوِيجٌ وَرَبِّ الْكَعْبَةِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Nuh ibn Shu’ayb from Ali ibn Hassan from ‘ Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Kathir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a woman came to ‘Umar and said, ‘I have committed fornication, so cleanse me/ He commanded to stone her to death ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about it and he asked, ‘How did you commit fornication?’ She replied, ‘I was passing through wilderness and I became thirsty severely. I ask an Arab man for water but he refused unless I made myself available for him. When thirst increased and I feared for my life he gave me water and I availed myself for him.’ ’Amir al-Mu’minin said, ‘This is marriage by the Lord of al- Ka’bah.’” (She must have been unmarried so al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) was possible).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/257)



9- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَجُلٌ جَاءَ إِلَى امْرَأَةٍ فَسَأَلَهَا أَنْ تُزَوِّجَهُ نَفْسَهَا فَقَالَتْ أُزَوِّجُكَ نَفْسِي عَلَى أَنْ تَلْتَمِسَ مِنِّي مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ نَظَرٍ أَوِ الْتِمَاسٍ وَتَنَالَ مِنِّي مَا يَنَالُ الرَّجُلُ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ إِلإ؛ أَنَّكَ لا تُدْخِلُ فَرْجَكَ فِي فَرْجِي وَتَتَلَذَّذَ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَإِنِّي أَخَافُ الْفَضِيحَةَ قَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُ إِلا مَا اشْتُرِطَ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Ammar ibn Marwan who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who comes to a woman and asks her to marry in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) and she agrees with the condition that he can do whatever a wife and a husband do like looking, touching each other and so on, except inserting his private organ into her private organ. Apart from this he can enjoy in whatever way he likes because she is afraid of being disgraced.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He cannot have anything more than what is stipulated.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/258)



10- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ مِسْكِينٍ عَنْ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لِي وَلِسُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَدْ حَرَّمْتُ عَلَيْكُمَا الْمُتْعَةَ مِنْ قِبَلِي مَا دُمْتُمَا بِالْمَدِينَةِ لأنَّكُمَا تُكْثِرَانِ الدُّخُولَ عَلَيَّ فَأَخَافُ أَنْ تُؤْخَذَا فَيُقَالَ هَؤُلاءِ أَصْحَابُ جَعْفَرٍ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat and Muhammad ibn al-Husayn all from Hakam ibn Miskin from ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to Sulayman ibn Khalid and I, ‘I have made al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) unlawful for you from my side as long as you are in al-Madinah because you come very often to me and I am afraid you will be caught and it will be said, “These are companions of Ja’far.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/258)