102. Addition in Time

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَزِيدَكَ وَتَزِيدَهَا إِذَا انْقَطَعَ الأجَلُ فِيمَا بَيْنَكُمَا تَقُولُ اسْتَحْلَلْتُكِ بِأَجَلٍ آخَرَ بِرِضاً مِنْهَا وَلا يَحِلُّ ذَلِكَ لِغَيْرِكَ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran and Ahmad ibn abu Nasr from abu Basir who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is permissible if she extends for you and you extend for her when the time for both of you expires, by saying, ‘I have made you lawful to myself up to another period of time with your agreement’ and this is not lawful for anyone other than you until it expires.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/243)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ وَعَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ الْهَاشِمِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ الرَّجُلُ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ مُتْعَةً فَيَتَزَوَّجُهَا عَلَى شَهْرٍ ثُمَّ إِنَّهَا تَقَعُ فِي قَلْبِهِ فَيُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ شَرْطُهُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ شَهْرٍ فَهَلْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَزِيدَهَا فِي أَجْرِهَا وَيَزْدَادَ فِي الأيَّامِ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ أَيَّامُهُ الَّتِي شَرَطَ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَ لا لا يَجُوزُ شَرْطَانِ فِي شَرْطٍ قُلْتُ فَكَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ عَلَيْهَا بِمَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الأيَّامِ ثُمَّ يَسْتَأْنِفُ شَرْطاً جَدِيداً.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Ibrahim ibn al-Fadl and A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ‘Isma’il ibn Mehran from Muhammad ibn Aslam and Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn Aslam from Ibrahim ibn al-Fadl al-Hashimiy from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries a woman in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) for the duration of one month. Then it comes to his heart and he likes to have a condition for more than a month; if it is permissible to increase in her mahr (dower) to extend the number of days before it (the time already set) expires. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, two conditions in one and the same condition are not permissible.’ I then asked, ‘What must he do about it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘She can give up the remaining of the time in his favor as charity and then initiate a new condition of extension of time.’”




3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ قَالَ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا تَزَوَّجَ الْمَرْأَةَ مُتْعَةً كَانَ عَلَيْهَا عِدَّةٌ لِغَيْرِهِ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ هُوَ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَهَا لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهَا مِنْهُ عِدَّةٌ يَتَزَوَّجُهَا إِذَا شَاءَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman marries a man in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) she must complete waiting period for others. However, if the same man wants to marry her again because of him she does not need to complete a waiting period, so she can marry him in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) whenever she wants.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/244)