103. Permissible Time Length

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ حَنْظَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يُشَارِطُهَا مَا شَاءَ مِنَ الأيَّامِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from ‘Umar ibn Hanzalah who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He can arrange for a mutual agreement with her for any number of days they want.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/245)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ يَتَزَوَّجُ مُتْعَةً سَنَةً أَوْ أَقَلَّ أَوْ أَكْثَرَ قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ شَيْئاً مَعْلُوماً إِلَى أَجَلٍ مَعْلُومٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَتَبِينُ بِغَيْرِ طَلاقٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il who has said the following: “In response to my question before al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) for one year or less or more, he (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible if it is a known matter for a known number of days.’ I then asked if it terminates without divorce. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it terminates without divorce.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/245)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ هَلْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعَ الرَّجُلُ بِالْمَرْأَةِ سَاعَةً أَوْ سَاعَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ السَّاعَةُ وَالسَّاعَتَانِ لا يُوقَفُ عَلَى حَدِّهِمَا وَلَكِنَّ الْعَرْدَ وَالْعَرْدَيْنِ وَالْيَوْمَ وَالْيَوْمَيْنِ وَاللَّيْلَةَ وَأَشْبَاهَ ذَلِكَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “Concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who marries a woman in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) for Sa‘ah or Sa‘ahtayn (one or two hours in the sense of the word before the invention of time clock). He (the Imam) said, ‘Sa‘ah or Sa‘ahtayn are not definite, however, they can set it as once or twice going to bed or one or two days and nights or similar things.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/245)



4- مُحَمَّدٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ قَالَ أَرْسَلْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَمْ أَدْنَى أَجَلِ الْمُتْعَةِ هَلْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعَ الرَّجُلُ بِشَرْطِ مَرَّةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


4. Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Khalaf ibn Hammad who has said the following: “I once sent (a message) to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘How much is the minimum duration of time in al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage) and if it is permissible to set the time for only one time going to bed. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/246)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ سَمَّاهُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ عَلَى عَرْدٍ وَاحِدٍ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا فَرَغَ فَلْيُحَوِّلْ وَجْهَهُ وَلا يَنْظُرْ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Faddal from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from a man whom he mentioned who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who married a woman (in the manner of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage)) for only once going to bed. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible, however, when the specified time ends he must turn his face away and must not look.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/246)