34. The Legal Status of Income from Cupping Operation

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ كَسْبِ الْحَجَّامِ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ إِذَا لَمْ يُشَارِطْ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir from who has said the following: “I once asked Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the legal status of earning by means of cupping. He (the Imam) replied, There is no offense in the earning by such means, if it is not with an established pre-condition.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/74)



2- سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ قَالَ دَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَمَعَنَا فَرْقَدٌ الْحَجَّامُ فَقَالَ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي أَعْمَلُ عَمَلا وَقَدْ سَأَلْتُ عَنْهُ غَيْرَ وَاحِدٍ وَلا اثْنَيْنِ فَزَعَمُوا أَنَّهُ عَمَلٌ مَكْرُوهٌ وَأَنَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ عَنْهُ فَإِنْ كَانَ مَكْرُوهاً انْتَهَيْتُ عَنْهُ وَعَمِلْتُ غَيْرَهُ مِنَ الأعْمَالِ فَإِنِّي مُنْتَهٍ فِي ذَلِكَ إِلَى قَوْلِكَ قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ قَالَ حَجَّامٌ قَالَ كُلْ مِنْ كَسْبِكَ يَا ابْنَ أَخٍ وَتَصَدَّقْ وَحُجَّ مِنْهُ وَتَزَوَّجْ فَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَدِ احْتَجَمَ وَأَعْطَى الأجْرَ وَلَوْ كَانَ حَرَاماً مَا أَعْطَاهُ قَالَ جَعَلَنِيَ اللهُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ لِي تَيْساً أُكْرِيهِ فَمَا تَقُولُ فِي كَسْبِهِ فَقَالَ كُلْ كَسْبَهُ فَإِنَّهُ لَكَ حَلالٌ وَالنَّاسُ يَكْرَهُونَهُ قَالَ حَنَانٌ قُلْتُ لأيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَكْرَهُونَهُ وَهُوَ حَلالٌ قَالَ لِتَعْيِيرِ النَّاسِ بَعْضِهِمْ بَعْضاً.


2. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Basir from Hanan ibn Sadir who has said the following: “Once we visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when Farqad al-Hajjam was also with us. He (Farqad) asked him (the Imam) saying, ’May Allah keep my soul in the service of your cause, I perform a certain kind of work and I have asked more than one person about the legal status of what I do and they think it is a detestable work. I like to ask you. If it is as they say I will stop performing such works. Instead I will find some other kind of work. I will take your word as the word in the matter.’ He (the Imam) asked, ’What kind of work is it?’ He (the man) replied, ‘It is cupping.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can use the income thereof for living, give charity, pay the expenses of your Hajj and marriage thereof, O brother, (in faith). The Holy Prophet had used cupping services and paid for them. Had it been unlawful he would not pay for it.’ He (the man) then asked, saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I have a he-goat. People hire it for goat grooming. What do you say about the income thereof?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’You can use the income thereof; it is lawful, although people may dislike it.’ I (Hanan) then asked, ’Why people dislike it when it is lawful?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is because people scorn each other about it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/74)



3- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ احْتَجَمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حَجَمَهُ مَوْلًى لِبَنِي بَيَاضَةَ وَأَعْطَاهُ وَلَوْ كَانَ حَرَاماً مَا أَعْطَاهُ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ قَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَيْنَ الدَّمُ قَالَ شَرِبْتُهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لَكَ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ وَقَدْ جَعَلَهُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَكَ حِجَاباً مِنَ النَّارِ فَلا تَعُدْ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Ahmad ibn al-Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shamir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did use cupping services. A Mawla’ (slave) of banu Bayada performed cupping service for the Messenger of Allah and paid for such services. Had it been unlawful he would not pay for it. When cupping was complete the Messenger of Allah asked, ‘Where is the blood?’ He (the slave) replied, ‘I drank it, O Messenger of Allah.’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘You should not have done so. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has made it a curtain between you and the fire but do not do it again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/74)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ كَسْبِ الْحَجَّامِ فَقَالَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَهُ أَنْ يُشَارِطَ وَلا بَأْسَ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُشَارِطَهُ وَتُمَاكِسَهُ وَإِنَّمَا يُكْرَهُ لَهُ وَلا بَأْسَ عَلَيْكَ‏.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the legal status of income from performing cupping. He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is detestable for him to establish stipulations (to receive payment), but there is no offense in establishing stipulations to receive payment and bargaining for the price. It is only detestable but there is no offense for you to receive payment.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/75)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ كَسْبِ الْحَجَّامِ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ قُلْتُ أَجْرُ التُّيُوسِ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَتِ الْعَرَبُ لَتَعَايَرُ بِهِ وَلا بَأْسَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the legal status of the income from cupping. He (the Imam) replied, There is no offense in it.’ I then asked about income from he-goat for goat-grooming. He (the Imam) replied, ’Even though Arab people consider it scornful, there is no offense in receiving such income.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/75)