35. Income from Eulogizing Someone to Make People Mourn

Back to book

1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبِي يَا جَعْفَرُ أَوْقِفْ لِي مِنْ مَالِي كَذَا وَكَذَا لِنَوَادِبَ تَنْدُبُنِي عَشْرَ سِنِينَ بِمِنًى أَيَّامَ مِنًى.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father said to me, ‘O Ja‘far, assign a certain amount from my so and so properties as endowment, so payments can be made to people who will eulogize to mourn for me in Mina for ten years.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/75)



2- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَاتَ الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ لِلنَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ آلَ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَدْ أَقَامُوا مَنَاحَةً فَأَذْهَبُ إِلَيْهِمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهَا فَلَبِسَتْ ثِيَابَهَا وَتَهَيَّأَتْ وَكَانَتْ مِنْ حُسْنِهَا كَأَنَّهَا جَانٌّ وَكَانَتْ إِذَا قَامَتْ فَأَرْخَتْ شَعْرَهَا جَلَّلَ جَسَدَهَا وَعَقَدَتْ بِطَرَفَيْهِ خَلْخَالَهَا فَنَدَبَتِ ابْنَ عَمِّهَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَتْ. أَنْعَى الْوَلِيدَ بْنَ الْوَلِيدِ أَبَا الْوَلِيدِ فَتَى الْعَشِيرَهْ‏حَامِي الْحَقِيقَةِ مَاجِدٌ يَسْمُو إِلَى طَلَبِ الْوَتِيرَهْ‏قَدْ كَانَ غَيْثاً فِي السِّنِينَ وَجَعْفَراً غَدَقاً وَمِيرَهْ‏. قَالَ فَمَا عَابَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهَا النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَلا قَالَ شَيْئاً.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Malik ibn ‘Atiyah from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah died, ‘Umm Salamah asked the Holy Prophet, for permission. She said, “The family of al-Mughirah has organized a gathering to mourn for al-Walid. Can I also attend their gathering?” The Holy Prophet granted her permission. She dressed up. She was beautiful like a fairy. When standing she released her hairs and it covered her body. She tied her khalkhal on both sides. She then eulogized her cousin before the Messenger of Allah saying: “I announce passing away of al-Walid ibn al-Walid, abu al-Walid, the young man of the family, protector of truth, with glory and rising for good manners. He was a thirst-quenching rain for years, a crystal clear brook and supplies.”’ He (the narrator) has said that the Holy Prophet did not disapprove her eulogies and did not say anything.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/76)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ قَالَ كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مَعَنَا فِي الْحَيِّ وَلَهَا جَارِيَةٌ نَائِحَةٌ فَجَاءَتْ إِلَى أَبِي فَقَالَتْ يَا عَمِّ أَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ مَعِيشَتِي مِنَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْجَارِيَةِ النَّائِحَةِ وَقَدْ أَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَإِنْ كَانَ حَلالا وَإِلا بِعْتُهَا وَأَكَلْتُ مِنْ ثَمَنِهَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ اللهُ بِالْفَرَجِ فَقَالَ لَهَا أَبِي وَاللهِ إِنِّي لأعْظِمُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ عَنْ هَذِهِ الْمَسْأَلَةِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ أَخْبَرْتُهُ أَنَا بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَتُشَارِطُ قُلْتُ وَاللهِ مَا أَدْرِي تُشَارِطُ أَمْ لا فَقَالَ قُلْ لَهَا لا تُشَارِطُ وَتَقْبَلُ مَا أُعْطِيَتْ‏.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il all from Hanan ibn Sadir who has said the following: “In our neighborhood there was a woman who had a slave-girl who sang eulogies. She came to my father and said, ‘O Uncle, you know about my means of living from Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, and then it is from this slave-girl’s singing eulogies. I like if you ask abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, for me about it if it is lawful; otherwise, I will sell her and use the funds from selling her until Allah opens up a door for me.’ My father said to her, ‘I consider abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, greatly exalted and cannot ask such things from him.’ He (the narrator) has said that when we visited him (the Imam) I informed him (the Imam) about it and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, asked, ‘Does she set a condition?’ I replied, ‘By Allah, I do not know if she does or does not do.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Tell her not to set up a condition for payment but accept whatever is given to you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/76)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ عُذَافِرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَقَدْ سُئِلَ عَنْ كَسْبِ النَّائِحَةِ قَالَ تَسْتَحِلُّهُ بِضَرْبِ إِحْدَى يَدَيْهَا عَلَى الأخْرَى.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn ‘Atiyyah from ‘ Adhafir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, when he was asked about the income from eulogies, ‘She can make it lawful by tapping one of her hands against the other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/77)