155. Another Chapter about Previous Subject, Protection of Property and Detestability of Wasting

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ قَالَ كَانَتْ لإسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) دَنَانِيرُ وَأَرَادَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ يَا أَبَتِ إِنَّ فُلاناً يُرِيدُ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى الْيَمَنِ وَعِنْدِي كَذَا وَكَذَا دِينَاراً فَتَرَى أَنْ أَدْفَعَهَا إِلَيْهِ يَبْتَاعُ لِي بِهَا بِضَاعَةً مِنَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا بُنَيَّ أَمَا بَلَغَكَ أَنَّهُ يَشْرَبُ الْخَمْرَ فَقَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ هَكَذَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ لا تَفْعَلْ فَعَصَى إِسْمَاعِيلُ أَبَاهُ وَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ دَنَانِيرَهُ فَاسْتَهْلَكَهَا وَلَمْ يَأْتِهِ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْهَا فَخَرَجَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ وَقُضِيَ أَنَّ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) حَجَّ وَحَجَّ إِسْمَاعِيلُ تِلْكَ السَّنَةَ فَجَعَلَ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ وَيَقُولُ اللهُمَّ أْجُرْنِي وَأَخْلِفْ عَلَيَّ فَلَحِقَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَهَمَزَهُ بِيَدِهِ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَهْ يَا بُنَيَّ فَلا وَاللهِ مَا لَكَ عَلَى اللهِ [هَذَا] حُجَّةٌ وَلا لَكَ أَنْ يَأْجُرَكَ وَلا يُخْلِفَ عَلَيْكَ وَقَدْ بَلَغَكَ أَنَّهُ يَشْرَبُ الْخَمْرَ فَائْتَمَنْتَهُ فَقَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي لَمْ أَرَهُ يَشْرَبُ الْخَمْرَ إِنَّمَا سَمِعْتُ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ فَقَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَيُؤْمِنُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَقُولُ يُصَدِّقُ اللهَ وَيُصَدِّقُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَإِذَا شَهِدَ عِنْدَكَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ فَصَدِّقْهُمْ وَلا تَأْتَمِنْ شَارِبَ الْخَمْرِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَلا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهاءَ أَمْوالَكُمُ فَأَيُّ سَفِيهٍ أَسْفَهُ مِنْ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ إِنَّ شَارِبَ الْخَمْرِ لا يُزَوَّجُ إِذَا خَطَبَ وَلا يُشَفَّعُ إِذَا شَفَعَ وَلا يُؤْتَمَنُ عَلَى أَمَانَةٍ فَمَنِ ائْتَمَنَهُ عَلَى أَمَانَةٍ فَاسْتَهْلَكَهَا لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلَّذِي ائْتَمَنَهُ عَلَى اللهِ أَنْ يَأْجُرَهُ وَلا يُخْلِفَ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has said the following: “‘Isma’il, son of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had a certain amount of dinar and a man from Quraysh wanted to travel to Yemen, so ‘Isma’il asked his father, ’Father, so and so wants to go to Yemen and I have so and so amount of dinar. Do you think I should give it to him to bring for me goods from Yemen?’ Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Are you not aware that he drinks wine?’ ‘Isma’il replied, ‘Yes, this is what people say about him.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Son, do not give him your dinars.’ ‘Isma’il disobeyed his father and gave the dinars to him. He used them and did not bring anything. ‘Isma’il traveled, so also abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, for al-Hajj in that year. ‘Isma’il, when performing Tawaf would say, ‘O Lord, grant me reward and replace for me what I have lost.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, approached him and tapped him with his hand and said, ‘Hold it my son, by Allah, you have no ground for your argument before Allah and you have no right for receiving any reward or replacement for what you have lost, when you knew that he drank wine and you still trusted him.’ ‘Isma’il said, ‘O father, I did not see him drinking wine. I only heard people say so.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘My son, Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says in His book, “He believes in Allah and in the believers,” (9:62) meaning he accepts (the words of) Allah (as true words) and accepts (the words of) the believers (as true words). When the believers testify before you then accept their words as true and do not trust one who drinks wine; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says in His book, “You must not give your assets to dimwitted ones.” (4:5) Who can be more dimwitted than one who drinks wine? The speech (advice) of one who drinks wine has no beneficial effect, his intercession is useless and he is not trusted in matters of trust. Whoever entrusts him with his assets and he destroys it, such person does not deserve any reward from Allah for his loss or replacement from Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/409)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ [عَنْ أَبِيهِ] عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ وَابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِذَا حَدَّثْتُكُمْ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ فَاسْأَلُونِي عَنْ كِتَابِ اللهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ فِي حَدِيثِهِ إِنَّ اللهَ نَهَى عَنِ الْقِيلِ وَالْقَالِ وَفَسَادِ الْمَالِ وَكَثْرَةِ السُّؤَالِ فَقَالُوا يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللهِ وَأَيْنَ هَذَا مِنْ كِتَابِ اللهِ قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فِي كِتَابِهِ لا خَيْرَ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنْ نَجْواهُمْ الآيَةَ وَقَالَ وَلا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهاءَ أَمْوالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللهُ لَكُمْ قِياماً وَقَالَ لا تَسْئَلُوا عَنْ أَشْياءَ إِنْ تُبْدَ لَكُمْ تَسُؤْكُمْ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus and A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father all from Yunus from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan and ibn Muskan from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you speak to me, ask me about the book of Allah.’ He (the Imam) then in his Hadith said, ‘Allah has prohibited from qil (it was said so), qal (he said so and so on . . .), destruction of assets and a great deal of questions.’ They then asked, ‘O child of the Messenger of Allah, where in the Quran is what you just said?’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says in His book, “There is nothing good in many of their whispering conversations.” (4:114) He has also said, “You must not give your assets to the dimwitted ones, upon which Allah has made you a keeper,” (4:5) and He has said, “You must not ask about all kinds of things because if revealed to you can make you feel bad.” (5:101)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/410)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الرَّبِيعِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنِ ائْتَمَنَ شَارِبَ الْخَمْرِ عَلَى أَمَانَةٍ بَعْدَ عِلْمِهِ فِيهِ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عَلَى اللهِ ضَمَانٌ وَلا أَجْرٌ لَهُ وَلا خَلَفٌ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Khalid ibn Jarir from abu al-Rabi‘ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘If one trusts one who drinks wine, about a trust after knowing that he drinks wine, he has no guarantee for it before Allah or any reward or replacement for his loss.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/410)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي الْمِقْدَامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا أُبَالِي ائْتَمَنْتُ خَائِناً أَوْ مُضَيِّعاً.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from certain persons of our people from ‘Amr ibn abu al-Miqdam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One’s trusting a treacherous person and wasting assets is a worthless act.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/411)



5- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُبْغِضُ الْقِيلَ وَالْقَالَ وَإِضَاعَةَ الْمَالِ وَكَثْرَةَ السُّؤَالِ.


5. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ who has said the following: “I once heard abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, hates qil (it was said so), qal (he said so and so on . . .), wasting assets and asking a great deal of questions.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/411)