133. The Case of one Who Contracts for a Work for a Certain Amount and then Contracts with another Person for More

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَقَبَّلُ بِالْعَمَلِ فَلا يَعْمَلُ فِيهِ وَيَدْفَعُهُ إِلَى آخَرَ فَيَرْبَحُ فِيهِ قَالَ لا إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ عَمِلَ فِيهِ شَيْئاً.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Upon my asking one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of a man who forms a contract for a certain work with another man but he does not do the work, instead he gives it to someone else and makes a certain amount of profit. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so unless he does certain work in it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/358)



2- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ الْخَيَّاطِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي أَتَقَبَّلُ الثَّوْبَ بِدِرْهَمٍ وَأُسَلِّمُهُ بِأَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ لا أَزِيدُ عَلَى أَنْ أَشُقَّهُ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ فِيمَا تَقَبَّلْتَهُ مِنْ عَمَلٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَفْضَلْتَ فِيهِ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from al-Hakam al-Khayyat who has said the following: “Upon my asking abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a cloth (for tailoring) that I accept for a dirham and then give it to another person on credit for more than a dirham without doing anything more than cutting. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘It is not unlawful if you accept a work then seek increase in it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/359)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الصَّائِغِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي أَتَقَبَّلُ الْعَمَلَ فِيهِ الصِّيَاغَةُ وَفِيهِ النَّقْشُ فَأُشَارِطُ النَّقَّاشَ عَلَى شَرْطٍ فَإِذَا بَلَغَ الْحِسَابُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُ اسْتَوْضَعْتُهُ مِنَ الشَّرْطِ قَالَ فَبِطِيبِ نَفْسٍ مِنْهُ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn Maymun al-Sahgh (jeweler) who has said the following: “Upon my asking abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a goldsmith work in which there is engraving and I stipulate with an engraver; but when it is time to finalize our account, I ask him to reduce from what was stipulated. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is it without compulsion on his part?’ I replied, ‘Yes, it is without compulsion.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/359)