134. Selling Vegetables and So On

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ زَرْعاً أَخْضَرَ ثُمَّ تَتْرُكَهُ حَتَّى تَحْصُدَهُ إِنْ شِئْتَ أَوْ تَعْلِفَهُ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يُسَنْبِلَ وَهُوَ حَشِيشٌ وَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ أَيْضاً أَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ زَرْعاً قَدْ سَنْبَلَ وَبَلَغَ بِحِنْطَةٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not unlawful to buy a plantation when it is green, then leave it until the harvest time, if you like or use it for animal feed before wheat ears appear when it is only grass.’ He (the Imam) has said, ‘It is not unlawful to buy plantations in which the ears have appeared and wheat has formed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/359)



2- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيَحِلُّ شِرَاءُ الزَّرْعِ أَخْضَرَ قَالَ نَعَمْ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Bukayr ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following: “Upon my asking abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about buying a plantation when it only is green, he (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/360)



3- عَنْهُ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ مِثْلَهُ وَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ الزَّرْعَ أَوِ الْقَصِيلَ أَخْضَرَ ثُمَّ تَتْرُكَهُ إِنْ شِئْتَ حَتَّى يُسَنْبِلَ ثُمَّ تَحْصُدَهُ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَنْ تَعْلِفَ دَابَّتَكَ قَصِيلا فَلا بَأْسَ بِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُسَنْبِلَ فَأَمَّا إِذَا سَنْبَلَ فَلا تَعْلِفْهُ رَأْساً فَإِنَّهُ فَسَادٌ.


3. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Zurarah a similar Hadith. “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not unlawful to buy a plantation or greenery, then leave it, if you like, until the ears appear, then harvest, or if you like use it as animal feed as grass and it is not unlawful before ears appear, and when the ears appear then do not use it (ears) as animal feed because it is destroying.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/360)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْمُثَنَّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي زَرْعٍ بِيعَ وَهُوَ حَشِيشٌ ثُمَّ سَنْبَلَ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ إِذَا قَالَ أَبْتَاعُ مِنْكَ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْ هَذَا الزَّرْعِ فَإِذَا اشْتَرَاهُ وَهُوَ حَشِيشٌ فَإِنْ شَاءَ أَعْفَاهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ تَرَبَّصَ بِهِ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ al- Hannat from Zurarah who has said the following: “About the case of a plantation which is sold when it is only grass, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not unlawful if he says, “I buy from you what comes out of this plantation.” If he buys it when it is only grass he can use it or if he likes he can wait (until harvest time).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/360)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنِ الْمُحَاقَلَةِ وَالْمُزَابَنَةِ قُلْتُ وَمَا هُوَ قَالَ أَنْ تَشْتَرِيَ حَمْلَ النَّخْلِ بِالتَّمْرِ وَالزَّرْعَ بِالْحِنْطَةِ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Safwan from Aban from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited al- Muhaqalah and al-Muzabanah .’ I then asked, ‘What are they?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is selling what a palm tree has just conceived in exchange for dates and green plantation for wheat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/360)



6- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ شِرَاءِ الْقَصِيلِ يَشْتَرِيهِ الرَّجُلُ فَلا يَقْصِلُهُ وَيَبْدُو لَهُ فِي تَرْكِهِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ سُنْبُلُهُ شَعِيراً أَوْ حِنْطَةً وَقَدِ اشْتَرَاهُ مِنْ أَصْلِهِ عَلَى أَنَّ مَا بِهِ مِنْ خَرَاجٍ عَلَى الْعِلْجِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ اشْتَرَطَ حِينَ اشْتَرَاهُ إِنْ شَاءَ قَطَعَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَهُ كَمَا هُوَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ سُنْبُلا وَإِلا فَلا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَتْرُكَهُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ سُنْبُلا.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Upon my asking abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who buys green plantation, then he decides to leave it until ears appear as barley or wheat when basically he had purchased as such that the tax is on the infidel to pay. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he has bought it with the condition at the time of purchase that if he likes he can leave it as it is until the ears appear, otherwise, it is not proper for him to leave it until the ears appear.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/361)



7- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) نَحْوَهُ وَزَادَ فِيهِ فَإِنْ فَعَلَ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ طَسْقَهُ وَنَفَقَتَهُ وَلَهُ مَا خَرَجَ مِنْهُ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Sama‘ah has narrated a similar Hadith from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, with this addition, ‘If he leaves it until ears appear, he is responsible for its maintenance and expenses and he can have whatever comes out thereof.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/362)



8- عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ زَرَعَ زَرْعاً مُسْلِماً كَانَ أَوْ مُعَاهَداً فَأَنْفَقَ فِيهِ نَفَقَةً ثُمَّ بَدَا لَهُ فِي بَيْعِهِ لِنَقْلِهِ يَنْتَقِلُ مِنْ مَكَانِهِ أَوْ لِحَاجَةٍ قَالَ يَشْتَرِيهِ بِالْوَرِقِ فَإِنَّ أَصْلَهُ طَعَامٌ.


8. ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa has narrated from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Upon my asking him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who establishes a plantation, who is a Muslim or tax payer, maintains it and incurs expenses on it, then he decides to sell it because of his relocating or other needs. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can buy it (with al-warzq, as leaves not as grains) because its origin is from foodstuff.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/362)



9- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ رَخَّصَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي الْعَرَايَا بِأَنْ تُشْتَرَى بِخِرْصِهَا تَمْراً وَقَالَ الْعَرَايَا جَمْعُ عَرِيَّةٍ وَهِيَ النَّخْلَةُ تَكُونُ لِلرَّجُلِ فِي دَارِ رَجُلٍ آخَرَ فَيَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يَبِيعَهَا بِخِرْصِهَا تَمْراً وَلا يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ فِي غَيْرِهِ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, granted permission for the sale of al-‘Ara’ya ’ by estimating it as dates. Al-‘Ara’ya’ is a palm tree that belongs to someone but it is in other person’s house, in this case it is permissible to sell it by estimation and it is not permissible in other things.’”