85. Kinds of Dresses and Ornaments Permissible or Detestable for a Female Pilgrim in the State of al-’ Ihram

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْمَرْأَةُ الْمُحْرِمَةُ تَلْبَسُ مَا شَاءَتْ مِنَ الثِّيَابِ غَيْرَ الْحَرِيرِ وَالْقُفَّازَيْنِ وَكُرِهَ النِّقَابُ وَقَالَ تَسْدِلُ الثَّوْبَ عَلَى وَجْهِهَا قُلْتُ حَدُّ ذَلِكَ إِلَى أَيْنَ قَالَ إِلَى طَرَفِ الأَنْفِ قَدْرَ مَا تُبْصِرُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Is ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A woman in the state of Ihram can wear whatever she wants of clothes except silk and al-Quffazayn (something women wear on their hands) and wearing veil is undesirable.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They must hang something over their face.’ He asked, ‘How far down over the face?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It should be down over the nose so that she can see without her eyes being blocked.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/288)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ الْمُحْرِمَةِ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَلْبَسُ مِنَ الثِّيَابِ قَالَ تَلْبَسُ الثِّيَابَ كُلَّهَا إِلاَّ الْمَصْبُوغَةَ بِالزَّعْفَرَانِ وَالْوَرْسِ وَلا تَلْبَسُ الْقُفَّازَيْنِ وَلا حُلِيّاً تَتَزَيَّنُ بِهِ لِزَوْجِهَا وَلا تَكْتَحِلُ إِلاَّ مِنْ عِلَّةٍ وَلا تَمَسُّ طِيباً وَلا تَلْبَسُ حُلِيّاً وَلا فِرِنْداً وَلا بَأْسَ بِالْعَلَمِ فِي الثَّوْبِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mansur ibn al-‘Abbas from ‘Isma‘il ibn Mehran al-Nadr ibn Suwayd who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman and about what she can wear in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘She can wear all kinds of clothes except what is dyed with saffron and al-Wars (a certain plant used in dying cloths). She must not wear al-Qafazin, ornaments for beautification before her husband, she must not use kohl, unless it is to cure an illness, she must not touch perfumes, must not wear jewelry or Artemisia (a certain aromatic plant); however printed clothes are not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/289)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَرَّ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِامْرَأَةٍ مُتَنَقِّبَةٍ وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ فَقَالَ أَحْرِمِي وَأَسْفِرِي وَأَرْخِي ثَوْبَكِ مِنْ فَوْقِ رَأْسِكِ فَإِنَّكِ إِنْ تَنَقَّبْتِ لَمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ لَوْنُكِ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى أَيْنَ تُرْخِيهِ فَقَالَ تُغَطِّي عَيْنَيْهَا قَالَ قُلْتُ يَبْلُغُ فَمَهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْمُحْرِمَةُ لا تَلْبَسُ الْحُلِيَّ وَلا الثِّيَابَ الْمُصَبَّغَاتِ إِلاَّ صِبْغٌ لا يَرْدَعُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to a woman veiled in the state of Ihram, ‘Assume the state of Ihram with your face uncovered and allow your clothes to hang down from over your head; if you use veil, your color will not change.’ A man then asked, ‘How far down must she hang her clothes? Must she cover her eyes?’ I then asked, ‘Can it reach down to her mouth?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘Women in the state of Ihram must not wear jewelry and dyed clothes, unless it (dye) is of saffron.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/290)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهَا الْحُلِيُّ وَالْخَلْخَالُ وَالْمَسَكَةُ وَالْقُرْطَانِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْوَرِقِ تُحْرِمُ فِيهِ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهَا وَقَدْ كَانَتْ تَلْبَسُهُ فِي بَيْتِهَا قَبْلَ حَجِّهَا أَ تَنْزَعُهُ إِذَا أَحْرَمَتْ أَوْ تَتْرُكُهُ عَلَى حَالِهِ قَالَ تُحْرِمُ فِيهِ وَتَلْبَسُهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ تُظْهِرَهُ لِلرِّجَالِ فِي مَرْكَبِهَا وَمَسِيرِهَا.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman: if she can wear an anklet, handgrips and earrings of gold and silver while at home she wore them before al-Hajj. Must she remove them or leave them as they are? He (the Imam) said, ‘It is unlawful to wear them in the state of Ihram; however, she can wear them in a way that men cannot see when she is riding or walking.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/291)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأَحْمَسِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْعِمَامَةِ السَّابِرِيَّةِ فِيهَا عَلَمُ حَرِيرٍ تُحْرِمُ فِيهَا الْمَرْأَةُ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّمَا كُرِهَ ذَلِكَ إِذَا كَانَ سَدَاهُ وَلَحْمَتُهُ جَمِيعاً حَرِيراً ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَدْ سَأَلَنِي أَبُو سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْخَمِيصَةِ سَدَاهَا إِبْرِيسَمٌ أَنْ أَلْبَسَهَا وَكَانَ وَجَدَ الْبَرْدَ فَأَمَرْتُهُ أَنْ يَلْبَسَهَا.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu al-Hassan al-Ahmasiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who wears a turban al- Sabiriy with prints of silk on it in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she can use it. It is not permissible only when both of its warp and weft are of silk.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘Abu Sa‘id asked me about al-Khamisah (shawl) which has its warp of silk to make her wear because of feeling cold and I instructed him to make her wear it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/292)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِي عُيَيْنَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا يَحِلُّ لِلْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تَلْبَسَ وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ قَالَ الثِّيَابُ كُلُّهَا مَا خَلا الْقُفَّازَيْنِ وَالْبُرْقُعَ وَالْحَرِيرَ قُلْتُ تَلْبَسُ الْخَزَّ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّ سَدَاهُ الإِبْرِيسَمُ وَهُوَ حَرِيرٌ قَالَ مَا لَمْ يَكُنْ حَرِيراً خَالِصاً فَلا بَأْسَ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and others from Dawud ibn al-Husayn from abu ‘Uyaynah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about what can a woman wear in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘She can wear all kinds of clothes except al-Qafazin, veil and silk. 5 I then asked, ‘Can she wear al-Khazz (a certain kind of fabric), with its warp made of silk?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘As long as it is not pure silk, it is permissible.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/292)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمَةُ لا تَتَنَقَّبُ لأَنَّ إِحْرَامَ الْمَرْأَةِ فِي وَجْهِهَا وَإِحْرَامَ الرَّجُلِ فِي رَأْسِهِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Abd Allah ibn Maymun who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said that a woman in the state of Ihram must not use veil over her face because Ihram of women is for her face and for men it is for their head.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/292)



8ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ هَلْ تَصْلُحُ لَهَا أَنْ تَلْبَسَ ثَوْباً حَرِيراً وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ قَالَ لا وَلَهَا أَنْ تَلْبَسَهُ فِي غَيْرِ إِحْرَامِهَا.


8. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Isma‘il ibn al-Fadl who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman if she can use silk clothes in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, but she can use them in times other than her being in the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/293)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَرَّ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِامْرَأَةٍ مُحْرِمَةٍ قَدِ اسْتَتَرَتْ بِمِرْوَحَةٍ فَأَمَاطَ الْمِرْوَحَةَ بِنَفْسِهِ عَنْ وَجْهِهَا.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once when passing by a woman, who in the state of Ihram had covered her face with an air vent, himself removed it from her face.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/293)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ جُذَاعَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مُصَبَّغَاتُ الثِّيَابِ تَلْبَسُهُ الْمُحْرِمَةُ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ إِلاَّ الْمُفْدَمَ الْمَشْهُورَ وَالْقِلادَةَ الْمَشْهُورَةَ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan from Hariz from ‘Amir ibn Judha‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about dyed cloths used by women in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful except ornaments visible on her front side as well as visible necklace.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/293)



11ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ إِذَا أَحْرَمَتْ أَ تَلْبَسُ السَّرَاوِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّمَا تُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ السُّتْرَةَ.


11. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is in the state of Ihram: if she can wear trousers. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she can do so because she needs it for covering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/293)