86. The Case of Dresses not Permissible to Use in the State of al-’Ihram, but a Pilgrim Faces an Emergency Condition

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ هَلَكَتْ نَعْلاهُ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى نَعْلَيْنِ قَالَ لَهُ أَنْ يَلْبَسَ الْخُفَّيْنِ إِذَا اضْطُرَّ إِلَى ذَلِكَ وَلْيَشُقَّهُ مِنْ ظَهْرِ الْقَدَمِ وَإِنْ لَبِسَ الطَّيْلَسَانَ فَلا يَزُرَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنِ اضْطُرَّ إِلَى قَبَاءٍ مِنْ بَرْدٍ وَلا يَجِدُ ثَوْباً غَيْرَهُ فَلْيَلْبَسْهُ مَقْلُوباً وَلا يُدْخِلْ يَدَيْهِ فِي يَدَيِ الْقَبَاءِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man whose sandals were destroyed and was not able to find one, said, ’He can use a shoe in an emergency. He can tear its back for an opening and if he wears a shawl he must not button it. If one needs to use a Qaba 5 (a long coat) because of cold and cannot find other cloths he must wear it upside down and must not wear its sleeves on his arms.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/294)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَلْبَسُ الْخُفَّيْنِ وَالْجَوْرَبَيْنِ قَالَ إِذَا اضْطُرَّ إِلَيْهِمَا.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Rifa’ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram wears shoes and socks. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can do so in case it is an emergency. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/296)



3ـ سَهْلٌ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ لا يَرَى بَأْساً بِعَقْدِ الثَّوْبِ إِذَا قَصُرَ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ مُحْرِماً.


3. Sahl has narrated from Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy from ‘Abd Allah ibn Maymun al-Qaddah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not consider it harmful if one knotted his cloths, in case it was short, in Salat (prayer) even in the state of Ihram. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/296)



4ـ سَهْلٌ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يُحْرِمَ الرَّجُلُ وَعَلَيْهِ سِلاحُهُ إِذَا خَافَ الْعَدُوَّ.


4. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muthanna’ from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that it is not harmful to carry arms in the state of Ihram if a man is afraid of the enemy. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/296)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنِ اضْطُرَّ إِلَى ثَوْبٍ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ وَلَيْسَ مَعَهُ إِلاَّ قَبَاءٌ فَلْيَنْكُسْهُ وَلْيَجْعَلْ أَعْلاهُ أَسْفَلَهُ وَيَلْبَسُهُ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى يَقْلِبُ ظَهْرَهُ بَطْنَهُ إِذَا لَمْ يَجِدْ غَيْرَهُ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Muthanna’ al-Hannat who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram may urgently need clothes and he has only a Qaba 5 (a coat which is long down to ankles) he must turn it upside down and wear it . 5 In another Hadith it is said to turn inside out, if one cannot find other clothes.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/296)



6ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ يَلْبَسُ السَّرَاوِيلَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ إِزَارٌ وَيَلْبَسُ الْخُفَّيْنِ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ نَعْلٌ.


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from ‘Abd al-Rahman from Humran who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram can wear trousers if one does not find loincloth and al-Khuffayn (shoes) if one cannot find Na’l (sandals). ‘“(Fatwa best explains this Hadith)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق أو كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/297)