54. Explanation of al-’Ish‘ar and al-Taqlid

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي قَدِ اشْتَرَيْتُ بَدَنَةً فَكَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ بِهَا فَقَالَ انْطَلِقْ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ مَسْجِدَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَأَفِضْ عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الْمَاءِ وَالْبَسْ ثَوْبَيْكَ ثُمَّ أَنِخْهَا مُسْتَقْبِلَ الْقِبْلَةِ ثُمَّ ادْخُلِ الْمَسْجِدَ فَصَلِّ ثُمَّ افْرِضْ بَعْدَ صَلاتِكَ ثُمَّ اخْرُجْ إِلَيْهَا فَأَشْعِرْهَا مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الأَيْمَنِ مِنْ سَنَامِهَا ثُمَّ قُلْ بِسْمِ الله اللهمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ اللهمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنِّي ثُمَّ انْطَلِقْ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ الْبَيْدَاءَ فَلَبِّهْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Badanah (a camel) and what should I do. He (the Imam) said, ‘Take it with you until you reach Masjid al-Shajarah. You must take Ghusl (bath) and put on your two pieces of cloths. Make it kneel down facing al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah), then enter Masjid to perform Salat (prayer), after Salat (prayer) make it obligatory; then go out to the offering animal and mark the side of its hump then say, “In the name of Allah, O Lord, it is from You and for You. O Lord, accept it from me”, then move until you arrive in al-Bayda’ (name of a place), then say Talbiyah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/196)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ تَجْلِيلِ الْهَدْيِ وَتَقْلِيدِهَا فَقَالَ لا تُبَالِي أَيَّ ذَلِكَ فَعَلْتَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ إِشْعَارِ الْهَدْيِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ مِنَ الشِّقِّ الأَيْمَنِ فَقُلْتُ مَتَى نُشْعِرُهَا قَالَ حِينَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ.


2. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban from Muhammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the decorating and placing something around the neck of the offering animal. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not important whichever you did.’ I asked about marking the offering animal. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, mark it on its right side.’ I asked, ‘When should I do it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Do it when you want to assume the state of Hiram.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/196)



3ـ أَبَانٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله وَزُرَارَةُ قَالا سَأَلْنَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْبُدْنِ كَيْفَ تُشْعَرُ وَمَتَى يُحْرِمُ صَاحِبُهَا وَمِنْ أَيِّ جَانِبٍ تُشْعَرُ وَمَعْقُولَةً تُنْحَرُ أَوْ بَارِكَةً فَقَالَ تُنْحَرُ مَعْقُولَةً وَتُشْعَرُ مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الأَيْمَنِ.


3. Aban has narrated from Ibrahim ibn abu ‘Abd Allah and Zurarah who have said the following: “We once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Budn (camel), how to mark it, when the owner is required to assume the state of Ihram, which side is marked and is it slaughtered tied down or knelt down. He (the Imam) said, ‘Slaughter it tied down and mark it on its right side.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/197)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْبُدْنِ كَيْفَ تُشْعَرُ قَالَ تُشْعَرُ وَهِيَ مَعْقُولَةٌ وَتُنْحَرُ وَهِيَ قَائِمَةٌ تُشْعَرُ مِنْ جَانِبِهَا الأَيْمَنِ وَيُحْرِمُ صَاحِبُهَا إِذَا قُلِّدَتْ وَأُشْعِرَتْ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Budn, how it is marked. He (the Imam) said, ‘Mark it when tied down and slaughter it when it is standing. Mark it on its right side and its owner assumes the state of Ihram when something is placed around its neck or is marked.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/197)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا كَانَتِ الْبُدْنُ كَثِيرَةً قَامَ فِيمَا بَيْنَ ثِنْتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَشْعَرَ الْيُمْنَى ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى وَلا يُشْعِرُ أَبَداً حَتَّى يَتَهَيَّأَ لِلإِحْرَامِ لأَنَّهُ إِذَا أَشْعَرَ وَقَلَّدَ وَجَلَّلَ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ الإِحْرَامُ وَهِيَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ التَّلْبِيَةِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When there are many al-Budn, one stands in between the two, then marks on the right and then on the left. Never mark before you are ready to assume the state of Ihram because when it is decorated, something placed around its neck or marked, assuming the state of Ihram becomes obligatory upon you and it is like Talbiyah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/197)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ الْبُدْنُ تُشْعَرُ مِنَ الْجَانِبِ الأَيْمَنِ وَيَقُومُ الرَّجُلُ فِي جَانِبِ الأَيْسَرِ ثُمَّ يُقَلِّدُهَا بِنَعْلٍ خَلَقٍ قَدْ صَلَّى فِيهَا.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-Bun is marked on its right side and the man stands on the left, then places something around its neck like an old shoe with which one has performed Salat (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/198)