26. The Meaning of the Words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘The Residents and Nonresidents Are the Same’

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ مُعَاوِيَةَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ عَلَّقَ عَلَى بَابِهِ مِصْرَاعَيْنِ بِمَكَّةَ فَمَنَعَ حَاجَّ بَيْتِ الله مَا قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ سَواءً الْعاكِفُ فِيهِ وَالْبادِ وَكَانَ النَّاسُ إِذَا قَدِمُوا مَكَّةَ نَزَلَ الْبَادِي عَلَى الْحَاضِرِ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ حَجَّهُ وَكَانَ مُعَاوِيَةُ صَاحِبَ السِّلْسِلَةِ الَّتِي قَالَ الله تَعَالَى فِي سِلْسِلَةٍ ذَرْعُها سَبْعُونَ ذِراعاً فَاسْلُكُوهُ إِنَّهُ كانَ لا يُؤْمِنُ بِالله الْعَظِيمِ وَكَانَ فِرْعَوْنَ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn ibn abu al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Mu‘awiyah was the first person who built door-jambs for his house in Makkah and prevented the pilgrims to the House of Allah to use it, against the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Both resident and nonresident have equal right to use it.’ (22:24) The people arriving in Makkah, who were not residents, would stay with residents until the end of Hajj season. Mu‘awiyah was the person of the chains about which Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, has said, ‘With the chain which is seventy yards long, (you must) chain him; He did not believe in Allah, the Great.’ (69:31-32) He was the pharaoh of this nation.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/107)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِدُورِ مَكَّةَ أَبْوَابٌ وَكَانَ أَهْلُ الْبُلْدَانِ يَأْتُونَ بِقِطْرَانِهِمْ فَيَدْخُلُونَ فَيَضْرِبُونَ بِهَا وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ بَوَّبَهَا مُعَاوِيَةُ.


2. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Yahya’ ibn abu al-‘ Ala’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the houses of Makkah did not have any doors. People of other lands would come with their transporting animals, enter and stay there. The first person who installed doors on them was Mu‘awiyah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/108)