208. The Months in Which Al-’Umrah Is Preferable and the Case of One Who Assumes the State of Ihram in One Month and Comes Out of Such State in another Month

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بَلَغَنَا أَنَّ عُمْرَةً فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ تَعْدِلُ حَجَّةً فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي امْرَأَةٍ وَعَدَهَا رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ لَهَا اعْتَمِرِي فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَهِيَ لَكِ حَجَّةٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘It is narrated to us that performing al-‘Umrah in the month of Ramadan is equal to al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘This was only about a woman to whom the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, had promised saying, “Perform al-‘Umrah in the month of Ramadan; it will be al-Hajj for you.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/235)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ مُقِيماً بِالْمَدِينَةِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ سَنَةَ ثَلاثَ عَشْرَةَ وَمِائَتَيْنِ فَلَمَّا قَرُبَ الْفِطْرُ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْخُرُوجُ فِي عُمْرَةِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَفْضَلُ أَوْ أُقِيمُ حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ الشَّهْرُ وَأُتِمَّ صَوْمِي فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ كِتَاباً قَرَأْتُهُ بِخَطِّهِ سَأَلْتَ رَحِمَكَ الله عَنْ أَيُّ الْعُمْرَةِ أَفْضَلُ عُمْرَةُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَفْضَلُ يَرْحَمُكَ الله.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Ali ibn Hadid who has said the following: “I had decided to stay in al-Madinah in the month of Ramadan in the year two hundred thirteen. When al-Fitr came close I wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked if leaving for al-‘Umrah in the month of Ramadan is better or to stay to complete fasting. He (the Imam) wrote to me a letter that I read was in his own handwriting that said, ‘You have asked, may Allah grant you blessing, about which al-‘Umrah is more excellent. Al-’Umrah in the month of Ramadan is more excellent. May Allah grant you blessings.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/235)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عِيسَى الْفَرَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا أَهَلَّ بِالْعُمْرَةِ فِي رَجَبٍ وَأَحَلَّ فِي غَيْرِهِ كَانَتْ عُمْرَتُهُ لِرَجَبٍ وَإِذَا أَهَلَّ فِي غَيْرِ رَجَبٍ وَطَافَ فِي رَجَبٍ فَعُمْرَتُهُ لِرَجَبٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from ‘Isa al-Farra’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one says Talbiyah for al-‘Umrah in the month of Rajab and comes out of the state of Ihram in another month, his al-‘Umrah is considered as al-‘Umrah in the month of Rajab. If one says Talbiyah for al-‘Umrah in another month and comes out of the state of Ihram in the month of Rajab, his al-‘Umrah is al-‘Umrah in the month of Rajab.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/235)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا أَرَادَ الْعُمْرَةَ انْتَظَرَ إِلَى صَبِيحَةِ ثَلاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ مُهِلاًّ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ.


4. Al-FIusayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-FIassan ibn Ali from Flammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “When abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, wanted to perform al-‘Umrah he (the Imam) would wait until the morning of the twenty-third of the month of Ramadan, then saying Talbiyah leave on that day.” (Fatwa best explains Hadith 1-4 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/236)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَحْرَمَ فِي شَهْرٍ وَأَحَلَّ فِي آخَرَ فَقَالَ يُكْتَبُ لَهُ فِي الَّذِي قَدْ نَوَى أَوْ يُكْتَبُ لَهُ فِي أَفْضَلِهِمَا.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Flafs ibn al-Bakhtariy from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hajjaj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a man who assumes the state of Ihram during a month and comes out of it during the next month, the Imam said, ‘This is counted al-‘Umrah in the month in which he has made his intention or al-‘Umrah in the more virtuous month.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/236)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُعْتَمِرُ يَعْتَمِرُ فِي أَيِّ شُهُورِ السَّنَةِ شَاءَ وَأَفْضَلُ الْعُمْرَةِ عُمْرَةُ رَجَبٍ.


6. Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one may perform al-‘Umrah during any month of the year. The excellent al-‘Umrah is during the month of Rajab.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/236)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الْعُمْرَةُ بَعْدَ الْحَجِّ قَالَ إِذَا أَمْكَنَ الْمُوسَى مِنَ الرَّأْسِ.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘ Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘ Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Is al-‘Umrah after al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If that is the case then the shaving blade is enabled to work over the head/” NOTE: (Fatwa best explains Hadith 7 of this Chapter)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/236)