151. The Obligations of Woman Experiencing Menses During the Acts of Her al-Hajj

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ وَعَبْدِ الله بْنِ صَالِحٍ كُلُّهُمْ يَرْوُونَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمَرْأَةُ الْمُتَمَتِّعَةُ إِذَا قَدِمَتْ مَكَّةَ ثُمَّ حَاضَتْ تُقِيمُ مَا بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَإِنْ طَهُرَتْ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَسَعَتْ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَطْهُرْ إِلَى يَوْمِ التَّرْوِيَةِ اغْتَسَلَتْ وَاحْتَشَتْ ثُمَّ سَعَتْ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ إِلَى مِنًى فَإِذَا قَضَتِ الْمَنَاسِكَ وَزَارَتِ الْبَيْتَ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافاً لِعُمْرَتِهَا ثُمَّ طَافَتْ طَوَافاً لِلْحَجِّ ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ فَسَعَتْ فَإِذَا فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ أَحَلَّتْ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يُحِلُّ مِنْهُ الْمُحْرِمُ إِلاَّ فِرَاشَ زَوْجِهَا فَإِذَا طَافَتْ أُسْبُوعاً آخَرَ حَلَّ لَهَا فِرَاشُ زَوْجِهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn ‘Isa form Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr Hafs ibn al- Bakhtariy from al-‘Ala’ ibn Sabih and ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj and Ali ibn Ri’ab and ‘Abd Allah ibn Salih all who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous), enters Makkah and experiences Hayd (menses), she must wait until al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah); if she becomes clean, she must perform Tawaf around the House and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. She must take Ghusl (bath), fill up with cotton. If she does not become clean until al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah), then she performs Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. Then she must go to Mina’ to complete the acts, perform Ziyarat of the House, perform Tawaf around the House, one Tawaf for her al-‘Umrah and then one Tawaf for her al-Hajj, then she must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. When she does this she comes out of the state of Ihram and all things unlawful for her in the state of Ihram become lawful for her except the bed of her husband, and when she performs another seven times Tawaf, the bed of her husband also becomes lawful for her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح الفضلء - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/92)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ عَجْلانَ أَبِي صَالِحٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ مُتَمَتِّعَةٍ قَدِمَتْ مَكَّةَ فَرَأَتِ الدَّمَ قَالَ تَطُوفُ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ ثُمَّ تَجْلِسُ فِي بَيْتِهَا فَإِنْ طَهُرَتْ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَطْهُرْ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ أَفَاضَتْ عَلَيْهَا الْمَاءَ وَأَهَلَّتْ بِالْحَجِّ مِنْ بَيْتِهَا وَخَرَجَتْ إِلَى مِنًى وَقَضَتِ الْمَنَاسِكَ كُلَّهَا فَإِذَا قَدِمَتْ مَكَّةَ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَعَتْ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَإِذَا فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ حَلَّ لَهَا كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مَا خَلا فِرَاشَ زَوْجِهَا.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Durust al-Wasitiy from ‘Ajlan abu Salih who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is for al-Hajj al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous). She enters Makkah and experiences Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘She must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and remain at home. If she becomes clean, she must perform Tawaf around the House; but if she does not become clean on al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah), she must pour water on herself and say Talbiyah for al-Hajj from her home, go to Mina’ and complete all the acts. She then must come back to Makkah, perform two Tawaf then Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. When she does this then she comes out of the state of Ihram and all things that were unlawful to her in the state of Ihram become lawful to her except the bed of her husband.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/93)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنِ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ عَجْلانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مُتَمَتِّعَةٌ قَدِمَتْ فَرَأَتِ الدَّمَ كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ قَالَ تَسْعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَتَجْلِسُ فِي بَيْتِهَا فَإِنْ طَهُرَتْ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَطْهُرْ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ أَفَاضَتْ عَلَيْهَا الْمَاءَ وَأَهَلَّتْ بِالْحَجِّ وَخَرَجَتْ إِلَى مِنًى فَقَضَتِ الْمَنَاسِكَ كُلَّهَا فَإِذَا فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ حَلَّ لَهَا كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مَا عَدَا فِرَاشَ زَوْجِهَا قَالَ وَكُنْتُ أَنَا وَعُبَيْدُ الله بْنُ صَالِحٍ سَمِعْنَا هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَدَخَلَ عُبَيْدُ الله عَلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَخَرَجَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رِوَايَةِ عَجْلانَ فَحَدَّثَنِي بِنَحْوِ مَا سَمِعْنَا مِنْ عَجْلانَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from ibn Ribat from Durust ibn abu Mansur from ‘Ajlan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is for al-Hajj al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous), enters Makkah and experiences Hayd (menses), what she must do? He (the Imam) said, ‘She performs Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah then remains at home. If she becomes clean, she performs Tawaf around the House; but if she does not become clean she, on the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah) must pour water on herself, say Talbiyah for al-Hajj, go to Mina’ and perform all acts. All things that were unlawful for her in the state of Ihram become lawful to her, after she completes this, except the bed of her husband.’ ‘Ubayd Allah ibn Salih and I had heard this Hadith in the Masjid. ‘Ubayd Allah went to see abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then came back to me and said, ‘I asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the Hadith of ‘Ajlan and he (the Imam) narrated to me just as we had heard from ‘Ajlan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/94)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ الله بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ امْرَأَةٌ مُتَمَتِّعَةٌ تَطُوفُ ثُمَّ طَمِثَتْ قَالَ تَسْعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَتَقْضِي مُتْعَتَهَا.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salmah ibn al-Khattab from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Ali ibn Ribat from ‘Ubayd Allah ibn Salih who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman, who is for al-Hajj al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous), performs Tawaf, then experiences Hayd (menses). He (the Imam) said, ‘She must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and perform Qada’ (compensatory Hajj for) her al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/95)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ فِي الْمَرْأَةِ الْمُتَمَتِّعَةِ إِذَا أَحْرَمَتْ وَهِيَ طَاهِرٌ ثُمَّ حَاضَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَقْضِيَ مُتْعَتَهَا سَعَتْ وَلَمْ تَطُفْ حَتَّى تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ تَقْضِي طَوَافَهَا وَقَدْ قَضَتْ عُمْرَتَهَا وَإِنْ هِيَ أَحْرَمَتْ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ لَمْ تَسْعَ وَلَمْ تَطُفْ حَتَّى تَطْهُرَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from those whom he has mentioned from ibn abu Najran from Muthanna’ al-Hannat from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The woman who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous), if she assumes the state of Ihram in a Hayd (menses), free condition, then experiences Hayd (menses) before completing her advantageous opportunity, must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and must not perform Tawaf until she is clean. She then must perform Qada’ (compensatory tawaf) of her Tawaf and in this way her al-‘Umrah is complete, but if she assumes the state of Ihram when experiencing Hayd (menses), she must not perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al- Marwah and Tawaf until she is clean.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/95)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ عَنْ عَجْلانَ أَبِي صَالِحٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ إِذَا اعْتَمَرَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ ثُمَّ اعْتَلَّتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطُوفَ قَدَّمَتِ السَّعْيَ وَشَهِدَتِ الْمَنَاسِكَ فَإِذَا طَهُرَتْ وَانْصَرَفَتْ مِنَ الْحَجِّ قَضَتْ طَوَافَ الْعُمْرَةِ وَطَوَافَ الْحَجِّ وَطَوَافَ النِّسَاءِ ثُمَّ أَحَلَّتْ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Ah ibn Asbat from Durust from ‘Ajlan abu Salih who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘If a woman performs al-‘Umrah then becomes ill before Tawaf, she can perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah first. She then can attend all other places of al-Hajj acts and when she becomes clean and returns from al-Hajj she then performs Qada’ (compensatory tawaf for) Tawaf of al-‘Umrah and Tawaf of al-Hajj and Tawaf al-Nisa’; then she comes out of the state of Ihram in all matters.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/96)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ مُتَمَتِّعَةٍ طَمِثَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطُوفَ فَخَرَجَتْ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى مِنًى فَقَالَ أَ وَلَيْسَ هِيَ عَلَى عُمْرَتِهَا وَحَجَّتِهَا فَلْتَطُفْ طَوَافاً لِلْعُمْرَةِ وَطَوَافاً لِلْحَجِّ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from a man who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, about a woman who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). ‘If she experiences Hayd (menses) before Tawaf, she can go out with people to Mina. Is it not the case that she is for al-‘Umrah and al-Hajj, if so then she must perform Tawaf, (after coming back from Mina), for al-‘Umrah and one for her al-Hajj as well?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/96)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْمَرْأَةُ تَجِي‏ءُ مُتَمَتِّعَةً فَطَمِثَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطُوفَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَيَكُونُ طُهْرُهَا يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَتْ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّهَا تَطْهُرُ وَتَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ وَتَحِلُّ مِنْ إِحْرَامِهَا وَتَلْحَقُ بِالنَّاسِ فَلْتَفْعَلْ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah from certain persons of his people from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is for al-Hajj al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous) but experiences Hayd (menses) before Tawaf around the House, and on the day of ‘Arafah, she becomes clean. He (the Imam) said, ‘If she knows that she becomes clean, to perform Tawaf around the House, and come out of the state of Ihram and can catch up with people she must do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/96)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ حَاضَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَسْعَى قَالَ تَسْعَى قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ سَعَتْ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَحَاضَتْ بَيْنَهُمَا قَالَ تُتِمُّ سَعْيَهَا.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who performs Tawaf around the House, then experiences Hayd (menses) before Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. He (the Imam) said, ‘She must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah.’ I then asked about a woman who is doing Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah when she begins to experience Hayd (menses) in between the two places. He (the Imam) said, ‘She must complete her Sa‘y between al- Safa’ and al-Marwah.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/97)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ فِي الْمَرْأَةِ الْمُتَمَتِّعَةِ إِذَا أَحْرَمَتْ وَهِيَ طَاهِرٌ ثُمَّ حَاضَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَقْضِيَ مُتْعَتَهَا سَعَتْ وَلَمْ تَطُفْ حَتَّى تَطْهُرَ ثُمَّ تَقْضِي طَوَافَهَا وَقَدْ تَمَّتْ مُتْعَتُهَا وَإِنْ هِيَ أَحْرَمَتْ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ لَمْ تَسْعَ وَلَمْ تَطُفْ حَتَّى تَطْهُرَ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Najran from Muthanna’ al-Hannat from abu Basir who has the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say about a woman who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). She assumes the state of Ihram in a Hayd (menses)-free condition, then experiences Hayd (menses) before the time for taking advantage is over. ‘She, without Tawaf, must perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. Then perform Qada’ (compensatory tawaf for) her Tawaf. The time for taking advantage passes. In case, if she assumes the state of Ihram, when she experiences Hayd (menses), she must not perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah or Tawaf until she is clean.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/97)