142. Sa‘y Between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and the Prayers to Say

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ السَّعْيِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَالَ إِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الدَّارِ الَّتِي عَلَى يَمِينِكَ عِنْدَ أَوَّلِ الْوَادِي فَاسْعَ حَتَّى تَنْتَهِيَ إِلَى أَوَّلِ زُقَاقٍ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ بَعْدَ مَا تُجَاوِزُ الْوَادِيَ إِلَى الْمَرْوَةِ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَيْهِ فَكُفَّ عَنِ السَّعْيِ وَامْشِ مَشْياً وَإِذَا جِئْتَ مِنْ عِنْدِ الْمَرْوَةِ فَابْدَأْ مِنْ عِنْدِ الزُّقَاقِ الَّذِي وَصَفْتُ لَكَ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الْبَابِ الَّذِي مِنْ قِبَلِ الصَّفَا بَعْدَ مَا تُجَاوِزُ الْوَادِيَ فَاكْفُفْ عَنِ السَّعْيِ وَامْشِ مَشْياً فَإِنَّمَا السَّعْيُ عَلَى الرِّجَالِ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ سَعْيٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Hassan from Zur‘ah from Sanaa ‘ah who has said the following: “About Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. He (the Imam) said, ‘When you reach the first house on your right side in the beginning of the valley, then walk faster like running slowly until the beginning of the lanes on your right side, then stop Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) after you pass the valley toward al- Marwah. When you reach it stop walking fast and walk normally. When you are coming back from al- Marwah then in the beginning of the lanes which I mentioned begin Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) and when you arrive at the door from the side of al-Safa’ after passing the valley then stop Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) and walk normally. Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) is for men only. Sa‘y in such manner is not for women.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/71)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَسْعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ مَا بَيْنَ بَابِ ابْنِ عَبَّادٍ إِلَى أَنْ يَرْفَعَ قَدَمَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَسِيلِ لا يَبْلُغُ زُقَاقَ آلِ أَبِي حُسَيْنٍ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would perform Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah between the door of ibn ‘Abbad up to where he stepped over the drain of the valley before the lane of Ale abu Husayn.’” (Ahadith 1-2 of this Chapter are best explained in the form of fatwa).


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/71)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ بُقْعَةٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَى الله مِنَ الْمَسْعَى لأَنَّهُ يُذِلُّ فِيهَا كُلَّ جَبَّارٍ. وَرُوِيَ أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ لِمَ جُعِلَ السَّعْيُ فَقَالَ مَذَلَّةً لِلْجَبَّارِينَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Aslam from Yunus from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘No piece of land is more beloved to Allah than the area for walking between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah; this area humbles every tyrant.’ It is narrated that in answer to the question, ‘Why it “al-Sa‘y,” is there it was said, ‘It is called as such because it humbles the tyrants.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/72)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ لَيْسَ لله مَنْسَكٌ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنَ السَّعْيِ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ يُذِلُّ فِيهِ الْجَبَّارِينَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad who in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “He (the Imam) has said, ‘No act of Hajj is more beloved to Allah than ‘Sa‘y’ because it humbles the tyrants.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/72)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ التَّيْمُلِيِّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ جُعِلَ السَّعْيُ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ مَذَلَّةً لِلْجَبَّارِينَ.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Taymuliy from al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Halabiy from his father from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Sa‘y (walking) between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah is made to humble the tyrants.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/72)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ انْحَدِرْ مِنَ الصَّفَا مَاشِياً إِلَى الْمَرْوَةِ وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ الْمَنَارَةَ وَهِيَ عَلَى طَرَفِ الْمَسْعَى فَاسْعَ مِلأَ فُرُوجِكَ وَقُلْ بِسْمِ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ وَصَلَّى الله عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ اللهمَّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ وَتَجَاوَزْ عَمَّا تَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ الأَعَزُّ الأَكْرَمُ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الْمَنَارَةَ الأُخْرَى فَإِذَا جَاوَزْتَهَا فَقُلْ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَالْفَضْلِ وَالْكَرَمِ وَالنَّعْمَاءِ وَالْجُودِ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي إِنَّهُ لا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ ثُمَّ امْشِ وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ الْمَرْوَةَ فَاصْعَدْ عَلَيْهَا حَتَّى يَبْدُوَ لَكَ الْبَيْتُ وَاصْنَعْ عَلَيْهَا كَمَا صَنَعْتَ عَلَى الصَّفَا وَطُفْ بَيْنَهُمَا سَبْعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ تَبْدَأُ بِالصَّفَا وَتَخْتِمُ بِالْمَرْوَةِ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that climb down from al-Safa’, walking to al-Marwah in a calm and dignified manner up to the sign; then walk faster and say, ‘I begin by the help of the name of Allah, Allah is great beyond description. O Allah, I appeal before You to grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause). O Allah, forgive me, be kind and merciful to me and ignore what You know (about me) and You are majestic and honorable.’ Then walk until you reach the other sign. When you pass this sign say, ‘O munificent, generous, honorable, bountiful and benevolent, forgive my sins; no one is able to forgive sins except You.’ Then walk in a calm and dignified manner until you reach al-Marwah. Climb up until you can see the House, then do what you had done at al-Safa’, then walk between them seven times beginning from al-Safa’ to end at al-Marwah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/72)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مَوْلىً لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَبْتَدِئُ بِالسَّعْيِ مِنْ دَارِ الْقَاضِي الْمَخْزُومِيِّ قَالَ وَيَمْضِي كَمَا هُوَ إِلَى زُقَاقِ الْعَطَّارِينَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Mawla’ abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from people of al-Madinah who has said the following: “I saw abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, perform Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) from the house of al-Qadiy al-Makhzumiy.’ He has said that he (the Imam) continued until he reached the lane of al-‘Attarin (perfume sellers).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/73)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُكَيْمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ السَّعْيِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَرِيضَةٌ أَمْ سُنَّةٌ فَقَالَ فَرِيضَةٌ قُلْتُ أَ وَلَيْسَ قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِما قَالَ كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي عُمْرَةِ الْقَضَاءِ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) شَرَطَ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْ يَرْفَعُوا الأَصْنَامَ مِنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَتَشَاغَلَ رَجُلٌ وَتَرَكَ السَّعْيَ حَتَّى انْقَضَتِ الأَيَّامُ وَأُعِيدَتِ الأَصْنَامُ فَجَاءُوا إِلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنَّ فُلاناً لَمْ يَسْعَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَقَدْ أُعِيدَتِ الأَصْنَامُ فَأَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلا جُناحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِما أَيْ وَعَلَيْهِمَا الأَصْنَامُ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Mu‘awiyah ibn Hakim from Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Sayrafiy from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah if it is obligatory or Sunnah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is obligatory.’ I then asked, ‘What is the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . then it is not harmful for him to perform Tawaf of them.’ (2:158). He (the Imam) said, ‘This was in al-‘Umrah of al-Qada’ when the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, set a condition on them to remove the idols from al-Safa’ and al-Marwah that distracted people from performing Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly). Days passed and idols were brought back, and they came to the Messenger of Allah saying, ‘So and so did not perform Sa‘y (walking faster like running slowly) and the idols are brought back.’ Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, revealed, ‘. . . it is not harmful to perform Tawaf between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah,’ that is, even though there are idols on them.’” (Ahadith 7-8 of this Chapter are best explained in the form of fatwa)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/73)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ شَيْئاً مِنَ الرَّمَلِ فِي سَعْيِهِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَالَ لا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ الْمَسْعَى كَانَ أَوْسَعَ مِمَّا هُوَ الْيَوْمَ وَلَكِنَّ النَّاسَ ضَيَّقُوهُ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from Sa‘id al-’A‘raj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who did not walk faster between the two signs during Sa‘y of al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is not necessary for him to do anything.’ It is narrated that the area of “al-Mas‘a (the area for Sa‘y)’” was greater than it is today. People have reduced this area.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح وآخره مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/74)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ تَرَكَ السَّعْيَ مُتَعَمِّداً قَالَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who intentionally does not perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes al-Hajj in future.’” (Hadith 10 of this and the following Chapters are best explained in the form of fatwa).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/74)