141. Standing at al-Safa’ and Prayers

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حِينَ فَرَغَ مِنْ طَوَافِهِ وَرَكْعَتَيْهِ قَالَ أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ مِنْ إِتْيَانِ الصَّفَا إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الصَّفا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعائِرِ الله قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ثُمَّ اخْرُجْ إِلَى الصَّفَا مِنَ الْبَابِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ مِنْهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَهُوَ الْبَابُ الَّذِي يُقَابِلُ الْحَجَرَ الأَسْوَدَ حَتَّى تَقْطَعَ الْوَادِيَ وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ فَاصْعَدْ عَلَى الصَّفَا حَتَّى تَنْظُرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ وَتَسْتَقْبِلَ الرُّكْنَ الَّذِي فِيهِ الْحَجَرُ الأَسْوَدُ وَاحْمَدِ الله وَأَثْنِ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ اذْكُرْ مِنْ آلائِهِ وَبَلائِهِ وَحُسْنِ مَا صَنَعَ إِلَيْكَ مَا قَدَرْتَ عَلَى ذِكْرِهِ ثُمَّ كَبِّرِ الله سَبْعاً وَاحْمَدْهُ سَبْعاً وَهَلله سَبْعاً وَقُلْ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ حَيٌّ لا يَمُوتُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقُلِ الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا وَالْحَمْدُ لله عَلَى مَا أَوْلانَا وَالْحَمْدُ لله الْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ وَالْحَمْدُ لله الْحَيِّ الدَّائِمِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ وَقُلْ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ لا نَعْبُدُ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ وَالْيَقِينَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ اللهمَّ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ كَبِّرِ الله مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ وَهَلِّلْ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ وَاحْمَدْ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ وَسَبِّحْ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ وَتَقُولُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَغَلَبَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ فَلَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَحْدَهُ وَحْدَهُ اللهمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِي الْمَوْتِ وَفِي مَا بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ ظُلْمَةِ الْقَبْرِ وَوَحْشَتِهِ اللهمَّ أَظِلَّنِي فِي ظِلِّ عَرْشِكَ يَوْمَ لا ظِلَّ إِلاَّ ظِلُّكَ وَأَكْثِرْ مِنْ أَنْ تَسْتَوْدِعَ رَبَّكَ دِينَكَ وَنَفْسَكَ وَأَهْلَكَ ثُمَّ تَقُولُ أَسْتَوْدِعُ الله الرَّحْمَنَ الرَّحِيمَ الَّذِي لا يَضِيعُ وَدَائِعُهُ نَفْسِي وَدِينِي وَأَهْلِي اللهمَّ اسْتَعْمِلْنِي عَلَى كِتَابِكَ وَسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ وَتَوَفَّنِي عَلَى مِلَّتِهِ وَأَعِذْنِي مِنَ الْفِتْنَةِ ثُمَّ تُكَبِّرُ ثَلاثاً ثُمَّ تُعِيدُهَا مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ تُكَبِّرُ وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ تُعِيدُهَا فَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ هَذَا فَبَعْضَهُ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ يَقِفُ عَلَى الصَّفَا بِقَدْرِ مَا يُقْرَأُ سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ مُتَرَتِّلاً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, completed his Tawaf and two Rak‘at salat (prayer) he said this, ‘I begin with the same thing with which Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has begun. He has said, ‘Al-Safa’ and al-Marwah are of the reminders of Allah.’ (2:158) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You then should go out to al-Safa’ through the door by which the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, had gone. (That is the door, which is opposite the Black Stone), you should pass the valley in a calm and dignified manner. Climb al- Safa’, so you can look at the House facing the corner that has the Black Stone; you should thank Allah and praise Him. Then remind yourself of His bounties, tests and the good things that He has done for you as much as you can. Then say Takhir (Allah is great beyond description) seven times. Say Tahmid (all praise belongs to Allah) seven times, Tahlil (no one deserves worship except Allah) seven times and then say, “No one other than Allah, who is One and has no partners, deserves worship. To Him belong the Kingdom and all praise. He gives life and causes things to die. He is living, never dies and has power over all things”- three times. Then say, “O Allah, grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause).” Then say, “Allah is great beyond description because of His granting us guidance. All praise belongs to Allah because of His granting us priorities. All praise belongs to Allah, the Living and Dominant. All praise belongs to Allah, the Living the Eternal”- three times. Then say, “I testify that no one other than Allah deserves worship. I testify that Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, is His servant and Messenger. We do not worship anything besides Him. We have sincerely accepted His religion even though the pagans dislike it”- three times. Then say, “O Allah, I appeal before You for forgiveness, good health and certainty in this life and in the next life”- three times. Then say, “O Lord, grant us goodness in this world as well as in the next life and protect us against the hellfire”- three times. Then say, “Takhir (Allah is great beyond description), one hundred times, Tahlil (no one deserves worship except Allah), one hundred times, Tahmid (all praise belongs to Allah), one hundred times and Tasbih, (Allah is free of all defects), one hundred times.” Then say, “No one other than Allah, who is One, deserves worship. He makes His promise to come true, supports His servant, dominates all parties all by Himself alone, thus the kingdom is His and all praise belongs to Him alone. O Allah, make death a blessing for me as well as what is after death. O Allah, I seek protection against the darkness of the grave and its frightening condition. O Allah, provide for me a shadow under the shadow of Your Throne on the day when there is no shadow except Your shadow.” Entrust your religion with the Lord very often, as well as yourself and family. Then say, “I entrust Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful who does not allow what He is entrusted with to become lost. I entrust Him with my life, my religion and family. O Allah, make me useful in the service of Your book and the tradition of Your Prophet. Make me die in Your religion and protect me against mischief.” Then say Takhir (Allah is great beyond description), three times. Then say it twice and then once. Then repeat it all over again. If you cannot do so, do it only partially.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would keep praying at al-Safa’ for as long as one can complete reading all of Chapter two of the Holy Quran.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/66)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي جَمِيلٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ مِنْ دُعَاءٍ مُوَقَّتٍ أَقُولُهُ عَلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَقَالَ تَقُولُ إِذَا وَقَفْتَ عَلَى الصَّفَا لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “Jamil narrated to me saying, ‘I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, “Is there a prayer of a particular timing that I should say at al-Safa’ and al-Marwah?” He (the Imam) replied, say, “No one other than Allah, who is One and has no partners, deserves worship. To Him belong the kingdom and all praise. He gives life and causes things to die and has power over all things - three times.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/68)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَيْفَ يَقُولُ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَالَ يَقُولُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Zurarah who has said the following: “I asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What should a man say on al-Safa’ and al-Marwah?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘He should say, ‘No one except Allah who is One and has no partners, deserves worship. To Him belong the Kingdom and all praise. He gives life and causes death and He has power over all things’ - three times.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/68)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ بَابِ الصَّفَا قُلْتُ إِنَّ أَصْحَابَنَا قَدِ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ بَعْضُهُمْ يَقُولُ الَّذِي يَلِي السِّقَايَةَ وَبَعْضُهُمْ يَقُولُ الَّذِي يَلِي الْحَجَرَ فَقَالَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَلِي السِّقَايَةَ مُحْدَثٌ صَنَعَهُ دَاوُدُ وَفَتَحَهُ دَاوُدُ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Servants (of Allah) al-Hamid ibn Sa‘id who has said the following: “I asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the door of al-Safa’ saying, ‘Our people have differences about it. Certain ones among them say, “It is in front of the water fountain and others say that it is in front of the Black Stone.’” He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the one which is in front of the water fountain. Dawud initiated it and Dawud was the one who opened it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/68)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ يَرْفَعُهُ قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا صَعِدَ الصَّفَا اسْتَقْبَلَ الْكَعْبَةَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ أَذْنَبْتُهُ قَطُّ فَإِنْ عُدْتُ فَعُدْ عَلَيَّ بِالْمَغْفِرَةِ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ اللهمَّ افْعَلْ بِي مَا أَنْتَ أَهْلُهُ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ تَفْعَلْ بِي مَا أَنْتَ أَهْلُهُ تَرْحَمْنِي وَإِنْ تُعَذِّبْنِي فَأَنْتَ غَنِيٌّ عَنْ عَذَابِي وَأَنَا مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَى رَحْمَتِكَ فَيَا مَنْ أَنَا مُحْتَاجٌ إِلَى رَحْمَتِهِ ارْحَمْنِي اللهمَّ لا تَفْعَلْ بِي مَا أَنَا أَهْلُهُ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ تَفْعَلْ بِي مَا أَنَا أَهْلُهُ تُعَذِّبْنِي وَلَمْ تَظْلِمْنِي أَصْبَحْتُ أَتَّقِي عَدْلَكَ وَلا أَخَافُ جَوْرَكَ فَيَا مَنْ هُوَ عَدْلٌ لا يَجُورُ ارْحَمْنِي.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn Hadid from Ali ibn al-Nu’man in a marfu‘ manner the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when climbing on al-Safa’, would face the Ka‘bah, raise his hands and then say, ‘O Allah, forgive my every sin that I have committed. If I will return to sin, return to me with forgiveness, You are Forgiving and Merciful. O Allah, do for me what is worthy of You to do for me; if You do for me what is worthy of You to do for me, You will have mercy on me; but if You punish me, You do not need to do so. I however, need Your mercy. O the One whose mercy I need, grant me kindness and mercy. O Allah, do not do to me what is worthy of me; if You do for me what is worthy of me, You will punish me and in doing so You will not be doing any injustice to me. I am anxious of Your justice but I am not afraid of Your injustice. So, O the One who is just and never does injustice to anyone, be kind and merciful to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/69)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَكْثُرَ مَالُهُ فَلْيُطِلِ الْوُقُوفَ عَلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Hamdan ibn Sulayman from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn al-Walid in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who wants his wealth increase should stay on al- Safa’ and al-Marwah for a long time.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرفوع 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/70)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي الأَسْوَدِ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى الصَّفَا شَيْ‏ءٌ مُوَقَّتٌ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from al-Hassan ibn abu al-Hassan from Salih ibn abu al-Aswad from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘There is no definite act of worship to perform on al-Safa’.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/70)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مَوْلىً لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صَعِدَ الْمَرْوَةَ فَأَلْقَى نَفْسَهُ عَلَى الْحَجَرِ الَّذِي فِي أَعْلاهَا فِي مَيْسَرَتِهَا وَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْكَعْبَةَ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Mawla’ of abu ‘Abd Allah, from people of al- Madinah who has said the following: “I once saw abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, climb al-Marwah and lean himself against the rock which is on top on the pathway and face al-Ka‘bah.”(Ahadith 7-8 of this Chapter are best explained in the form of fatwa).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/70)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ كُنْتُ وَرَاءَ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَلَى الصَّفَا أَوْ عَلَى الْمَرْوَةِ وَهُوَ لا يَزِيدُ عَلَى حَرْفَيْنِ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ حُسْنَ الظَّنِّ بِكَ فِي كُلِّ حَالٍ وَصِدْقَ النِّيَّةِ فِي التَّوَكُّلِ عَلَيْكَ.


9. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from Ahmad ibn al-Jahm al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn Yazid from certain individuals of his people who has said the following: “I was following abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when climbing al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, and he did not say anything more than two words, ‘O Allah, I appeal before You to grant me optimism about You in all conditions and true intention to place my trust with You.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/70)