107. The Case of One Who Faces an Emergency to Hunt or Use of Carcasses

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يُضْطَرُّ فَيَجِدُ الْمَيْتَةَ وَالصَّيْدَ أَيَّهُمَا يَأْكُلُ قَالَ يَأْكُلُ مِنَ الصَّيْدِ مَا يُحِبُّ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ مِنْ مَالِهِ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ إِنَّمَا عَلَيْهِ الْفِدَاءُ فَلْيَأْكُلْ وَلْيَفْدِهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who faces an emergency and there are only carcasses and a prey. Which one can he eat? He (the Imam) said, ’He can eat from the prey as much as he likes to eat from his belongings? I then said, ‘Is it so?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He only owes to pay ransom; he can eat and pay the ransom?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/366)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُضْطَرِّ إِلَى الْمَيْتَةِ وَهُوَ يَجِدُ الصَّيْدَ قَالَ يَأْكُلُ الصَّيْدَ قُلْتُ إِنَّ الله قَدْ أَحَلَّ لَهُ الْمَيْتَةَ إِذَا اضْطُرَّ إِلَيْهَا وَلَمْ يُحِلَّ لَهُ الصَّيْدَ قَالَ تَأْكُلُ مِنْ مَالِكَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكَ أَوْ مِنْ مَيْتَةٍ قُلْتُ مِنْ مَالِي قَالَ هُوَ مَالُكَ لأَنَّ عَلَيْكَ فِدَاهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عِنْدِي مَالٌ قَالَ تَقْتَضِيهِ إِذَا رَجَعْتَ إِلَى مَالِكَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in an emergency has available to him only carcasses or hunting. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can eat from hunting? I said that Allah has made carcasses lawful but not hunting. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Do you like eating from your belongings more or eating carcasses?’ I replied, ‘I like eating from my belongings? He (the Imam) said, ‘That is of your belonging, you only have to pay the ransom? I then said, ‘What happens if I do not have anything?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Borrow and pay when you are back at home?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/367)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ شِهَابٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ وَزُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ اضْطُرَّ إِلَى مَيْتَةٍ وَصَيْدٍ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ يَأْكُلُ الصَّيْدَ وَيَفْدِي.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Shihab from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “About the case of a man in the state of Ihram who is forced to eat from hunting or carcasses, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that he can eat from hunting and pay the ransom?”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/367)