108. The Case of One Who Hunts in the State of al-’Ihram, the Expiation and Its Place

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ يَفْدِي الْمُحْرِمُ فِدَاءَ الصَّيْدِ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَصَابَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who hunts in the state of Ihram must pay the ransom where he has hunted.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/367)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ هَدْيٌ فِي إِحْرَامِهِ فَلَهُ أَنْ يَنْحَرَهُ حَيْثُ شَاءَ إِلاَّ فِدَاءَ الصَّيْدِ فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ هَدْياً بالِغَ الْكَعْبَةِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad certain persons of his people who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who owes to offer an offering because of violation of rules in the state of Ihram can slaughter wherever he wants except the ransom for hunting; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, . . an offering and ransom that must reach al-Ka‘bah.” ( 5 : 95 )’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/368)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَنْ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ فِدَاءٌ صَيْداً أَصَابَهُ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ حَاجّاً نَحَرَ هَدْيَهُ الَّذِي يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ بِمِنًى وَإِنْ كَانَ مُعْتَمِراً نَحَرَ بِمَكَّةَ قُبَالَةَ الْكَعْبَةِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one owes to slaughter an offering because of his hunting in the state of Ihram if he is for al-Hajj, he must slaughter it in Mina’; if he is for al-‘Umrah, then he must slaughter it in Makkah in front of al-Ka‘bah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/368)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الْمُحْرِمِ إِذَا أَصَابَ صَيْداً فَوَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ الْفِدَاءُ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَنْحَرَهُ إِنْ كَانَ فِي الْحَجِّ بِمِنًى حَيْثُ يَنْحَرُ النَّاسُ فَإِنْ كَانَ فِي عُمْرَةٍ نَحَرَهُ بِمَكَّةَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَهُ إِلَى أَنْ يَقْدَمَ فَيَشْتَرِيَهُ فَإِنَّهُ يُجْزِئُ عَنْهُ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “Disbursement of ransom is obligatory on a man, who in the state of Ihram kills a prey. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that he must slaughter such offering in Mina’ if he is for al-Hajj, where other people slaughter; but if he is for al-‘Umrah, then he must slaughter in Makkah; or if he likes, he can wait until he arrives in Makkah to buy, it then is sufficient for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/368)