75. Al-Fitrah Charity Due to Fasting

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ مَنْ ضَمَمْتَ إِلَى عِيَالِكَ مِنْ حُرٍّ أَوْ مَمْلُوكٍ فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُؤَدِّيَ الْفِطْرَةَ عَنْهُ قَالَ وَإِعْطَاءُ الْفِطْرَةِ قَبْلَ الصَّلاةِ أَفْضَلُ وَبَعْدَ الصَّلاةِ صَدَقَةٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whomever you include in you dependents, free people or slaves it then is obligatory upon you to pay al-Fitrah for them.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Paying al- Fitrah before Salat (prayer) is better and after Salat (prayer) it is charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/413)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ فَقَالَ عَلَى الصَّغِيرِ وَالْكَبِيرِ وَالْحُرِّ وَالْعَبْدِ عَنْ كُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ صَاعٌ مِنْ حِنْطَةٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ تَمْرٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ زَبِيبٍ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Najran and Ali ibn al-Hakam from Safwan al- Jammal who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is obligatory upon small, grown up people, free and slaves. The amount of al-Fitrah for every human being is one Sa‘ (three kilograms). It can be paid from wheat or dates or raisins.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/414)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ التَّمْرُ فِي الْفِطْرَةِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ لأَنَّهُ أَسْرَعُ مَنْفَعَةً وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إِذَا وَقَعَ فِي يَدِ صَاحِبِهِ أَكَلَ مِنْهُ قَالَ وَقَالَ نَزَلَتِ الزَّكَاةُ وَلَيْسَ لِلنَّاسِ أَمْوَالٌ وَإِنَّمَا كَانَتِ الْفِطْرَةُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Paying al-Fitrah in the form of dates is better than other items because its benefit is immediate. As soon as it reaches the hands of the recipient he eats thereof.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Zakat had come but people had no taxable assets. It was only al- Fitrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/415)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْفِطْرَةُ إِنْ أَعْطَيْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَى الْعِيدِ فَهِيَ فِطْرَةٌ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ بَعْدَ مَا تَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْعِيدِ فَهِيَ صَدَقَةٌ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from Ibrahim ibn Maymun who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you pay before going out for Salat (prayer) on ‘Id day it is al-Fitrah, but if you pay after you go out for ‘Id it then is charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/415)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ الأَشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ كَمْ نَدْفَعُ عَنْ كُلِّ رَأْسٍ مِنَ الْحِنْطَةِ وَالشَّعِيرِ وَالتَّمْرِ وَالزَّبِيبِ قَالَ صَاعٌ بِصَاعِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Khalid from Sa‘d ibn Sa‘d al-Ash’ariy who has said the following: “I once asked al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the amount of wheat, barley, dates or raisins for each person as al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is one Sa’ of the Sa‘ of the prophet, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/416)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ تَعْجِيلِ الْفِطْرَةِ بِيَوْمٍ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ قُلْتُ فَمَا تَرَى بِأَنْ نَجْمَعَهَا وَنَجْعَلَ قِيمَتَهَا وَرِقاً وَنُعْطِيَهَا رَجُلاً وَاحِداً مُسْلِماً قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about paying al-Fitrah one day earlier. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’ I then asked, ‘Is it permissible to collect al-Fitrah and then turn it into waraq (cash) and give it to one Muslim person?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/416)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ عَنْ عِيَالِهِ وَهُمْ غُيَّبٌ عَنْهُ وَيَأْمُرَهُمْ فَيُعْطُونَ عَنْهُ وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهُمْ.


7. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to pay al-Fitrah for one’s dependents who are not present, and one can instruct his dependents to pay for him in case one is not present.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/417)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ بِلالٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى الرَّجُلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ وَكَمْ تُدْفَعُ قَالَ فَكَتَبَ سِتَّةُ أَرْطَالٍ مِنْ تَمْرٍ بِالْمَدَنِيِّ وَذَلِكَ تِسْعَةُ أَرْطَالٍ بِالْبَغْدَادِيِّ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn Bilal who has said the following: “I once wrote to the man (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking about the amount of al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) wrote the answer, ‘It is six Artal of dates by al-Madiniy Artal which is nine Artal by al- Baghdadiy ones.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/418)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْهَمَذَانِيِّ وَكَانَ مَعَنَا حَاجّاً قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَلَى يَدَيْ أَبِي جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ أَصْحَابَنَا اخْتَلَفُوا فِي الصَّاعِ بَعْضُهُمْ يَقُولُ الْفِطْرَةُ بِصَاعِ الْمَدَنِيِّ وَبَعْضُهُمْ يَقُولُ بِصَاعِ الْعِرَاقِيِّ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ الصَّاعُ سِتَّةُ أَرْطَالٍ بِالْمَدَنِيِّ وَتِسْعَةُ أَرْطَالٍ بِالْعِرَاقِيِّ قَالَ وَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّهُ يَكُونُ بِالْوَزْنِ أَلْفاً وَمِائَةً وَسَبْعِينَ وَزْنَةً.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ja’far ibn Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Hamadaniy who accompanied us to Hajj who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, through my father asking, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, our people have differences about al-Sa’. Certain ones among them say that it is al-Sa‘ al-Madaniy and others say it is al-‘Iraqiy al-Sa‘. He (the Imam) wrote the answer; ‘Al-Sa‘ is six Artal by al-Madaniy Artal, and nine by al-‘Iraqiy Artal.’ He (the Imam) informed me that it weighs one thousand nine hundred seventy Waznah (a certain unit of measurement).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/418)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ وَسَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ لا يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الْفِطْرَةِ إِلاَّ مَا يُؤَدِّي عَنْ نَفْسِهِ وَحْدَهَا يُعْطِيهِ غَرِيباً أَوْ يَأْكُلُ هُوَ وَعِيَالُهُ قَالَ يُعْطِي بَعْضَ عِيَالِهِ ثُمَّ يُعْطِي الآخَرُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ يُرَدِّدُونَهَا فَيَكُونُ عَنْهُمْ جَمِيعاً فِطْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Dawud ibn al-Nu’man and Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has an amount which is only sufficient for him if he can give it to an outsider destitute or himself and (his) family use it. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can give to one of his dependents who then gives to another and so on, one person gives to other one and it will be one al-Fitrah for all of them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/419)



11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْفَقِيرُ الَّذِي يُتَصَدَّقُ عَلَيْهِ هَلْ عَلَيْهِ صَدَقَةُ الْفِطْرَةِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ يُعْطِي مِمَّا يُتَصَدَّقُ بِهِ عَلَيْهِ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who receives al-Fitrah: if he is required to pay al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he is required to pay al-Fitrah from what he receives as al- Fitrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/419)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ وُلِدَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ عَلَيْهِ فِطْرَةٌ قَالَ لا قَدْ خَرَجَ الشَّهْرُ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ يَهُودِيٍّ أَسْلَمَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ عَلَيْهِ فِطْرَةٌ قَالَ لا.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a new born on the night of al-Fitr; if there is al-Fitrah obligatory. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, al-Fitrah is not obligatory because the month is passed.’ I then asked, about a Jew who becomes a Muslim on the night of al-Fitr. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, al-Fitrah is not obligatory on him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/420)



13ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ الْبَصْرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ الْوَصِيُّ يُزَكِّي عَنِ الْيَتَامَى زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرَةِ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُمْ مَالٌ فَكَتَبَ لا زَكَاةَ عَلَى يَتِيمٍ وَعَنْ مَمْلُوكٍ يَمُوتُ مَوْلاهُ وَهُوَ عَنْهُ غَائِبٌ فِي بَلَدٍ آخَرَ وَفِي يَدِهِ مَالٌ لِمَوْلاهُ وَيَحْضُرُ الْفِطْرُ أَ يُزَكِّي عَنْ نَفْسِهِ مِنْ مَالِ مَوْلاهُ وَقَدْ صَارَ لِلْيَتَامَى قَالَ نَعَمْ.


13. Muhammad ibn al-Husayn has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Qasim ibn al-Fudayl al-Basriy who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked if the executor of the will is required to pay al-Fitrah for the orphans if they have any assets. He (the Imam) wrote, ‘There is no al-Fitrah on orphans.’ I asked if a slave whose master dies who is in another location, and there is a certain amount of assets of his master in his hand; when the time for paying al-Fitrah comes: if he can pay for himself from the assets of his master, which has become assets of the orphans. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he pays al-Fitrah for himself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/420)



14ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ هَلْ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْبَوَادِي الْفِطْرَةُ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْفِطْرَةُ عَلَى كُلِّ مَنِ اقْتَاتَ قُوتاً فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُؤَدِّيَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْقُوتِ.


14. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, are people of remote villages required to pay al-Fitrah? He (the Imam) said, ‘al-Fitrah is on every one who consumes food, thus it is obligatory to pay from what one consumes.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/421)



15ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ فِي الْبَادِيَةِ لا يُمْكِنُهُ الْفِطْرَةُ قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِأَرْبَعَةِ أَرْطَالٍ مِنْ لَبَنٍ.


15. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who lives in a remote village and is not able to pay al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) said, ’He is required to pay by four Artal of milk.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/422)



16ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ الضَّيْفُ مِنْ إِخْوَانِهِ فَيَحْضُرُ يَوْمُ الْفِطْرِ يُؤَدِّي عَنْهُ الْفِطْرَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ الْفِطْرَةُ وَاجِبَةٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مَنْ يَعُولُ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى صَغِيرٍ أَوْ كَبِيرٍ حُرٍّ أَوْ مَمْلُوكٍ.


16. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has a guest from his brothers and the day of al-Fitrah comes; if he must pay al-Fitrah for him. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, al-Fitrah is obligatory for everyone whom you count of your dependents, male, female, children, grown up, free or slaves.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/422)



17ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ أَنْ يُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ عَنْ رَأْسَيْنِ وَثَلاثَةٍ وَأَرْبَعَةٍ يَعْنِي الْفِطْرَةَ.


17. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to pay al-Fitrah for two, three, or four people to one man.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/422)



18ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ بُرَيْدٍ عَنْ مَالِكٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ زَكَاةِ الْفِطْرَةِ قَالَ تُعْطِيهَا الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ مُسْلِماً فَمُسْتَضْعَفاً وَأَعْطِ ذَا قَرَابَتِكَ مِنْهَا إِنْ شِئْتَ.


18. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from al-Qasim ibn Yazid from Malik al- Juhaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Zakat of al-Fitrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Pay it to the Muslims. If you do not find one, pay to a Mustaz‘af (mentally and physically weak) or pay to your relatives, if you like.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/423)



19ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَدَقَةِ الْفِطْرَةِ أُعْطِيهَا غَيْرَ أَهْلِ وَلايَتِي مِنْ فُقَرَاءِ جِيرَانِي قَالَ نَعَمْ الْجِيرَانُ أَحَقُّ بِهَا لِمَكَانِ الشُّهْرَةِ.


19. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Fitrah; if I can pay it to poor neighboring people who are not of the people of my Wilayah (people who believe in the Divine Authority of ’A’immah). He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, neighbors are more deserving because of the popularity (of fatwa about the privileges of neighbors).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/423)



20ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُؤَدِّي الرَّجُلُ زَكَاةَ الْفِطْرَةِ عَنْ مُكَاتَبِهِ وَرَقِيقِ امْرَأَتِهِ وَعَبْدِهِ النَّصْرَانِيِّ وَالْمَجُوسِيِّ وَمَا أَغْلَقَ عَلَيْهِ بَابَهُ.


20. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is permissible to pay Zakat al-Fitrah to a slave who has contracted his freedom, slave of one’s wife, his own Christian, Zoroastrian slave and those who have closed the door on themselves.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/423)



21ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ مُعَتِّبٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَأَعْطِ عَنْ عِيَالِنَا الْفِطْرَةَ وَأَعْطِ عَنِ الرَّقِيقِ وَاجْمَعْهُمْ وَلا تَدَعْ مِنْهُمْ أَحَداً فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ تَرَكْتَ مِنْهُمْ إِنْسَاناً تَخَوَّفْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْفَوْتَ قُلْتُ وَمَا الْفَوْتُ قَالَ الْمَوْتُ.


21. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from Mu’attib who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘Go and pay al-Fitrah for our dependents and pay for the slaves for all of them and do not leave anyone. If you left out a soul from them I will be afraid for the loss.’ I asked, ‘What kind of loss is it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is death.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/424)



22ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ بُنَانِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ بَعَثْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِدَرَاهِمَ لِي وَلِغَيْرِي وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ أُخْبِرُهُ أَنَّهَا مِنْ فِطْرَةِ الْعِيَالِ فَكَتَبَ بِخَطِّهِ قَبَضْتُ وَقَبِلْتُ.


22. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Bunan ibn Muhammad from his brother Ibrahim ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il who has said the following: “I once sent a certain amount of dirham that belonged to me and someone else to abu al-Hassan, al- Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and wrote to inform him that it is of al-Fitrah of the family. He (the Imam) wrote with his hand writing, ‘I received and accepted.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/424)



23ـ أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ الْكُوفِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ لِمَنْ هِيَ قَالَ لِلإِمَامِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَأُخْبِرُ أَصْحَابِي قَالَ نَعَمْ مَنْ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تُطَهِّرَهُ مِنْهُمْ وَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تُعْطِيَ وَتَحْمِلَ ثَمَنَ ذَلِكَ وَرِقاً.


23. Abu al-‘Abbas al-Kufiy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from abu Ali ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam) about al-Fitrah, ‘To whom does it belong?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It belongs to the Imam.’ I then asked, ‘Can I tell my people about it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, if you like to cleanse certain ones among them.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘It is not harmful to change the price of al-Fitrah in to wariq (cash).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/424)



24ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الثَّالِثِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ قَوْماً سَأَلُونِي عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ وَيَسْأَلُونِّي أَنْ يَحْمِلُوا قِيمَتَهَا إِلَيْكَ وَقَدْ بَعَثَ إِلَيْكَ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ عَامَ أَوَّلَ وَسَأَلَنِي أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ فَنَسِيتُ ذَلِكَ وَقَدْ بَعَثْتُ إِلَيْكَ الْعَامَ عَنْ كُلِّ رَأْسٍ مِنْ عِيَالِي بِدِرْهَمٍ عَلَى قِيمَةِ تِسْعَةِ أَرْطَالٍ بِدِرْهَمٍ فَرَأْيُكَ جَعَلَنِيَ الله فِدَاكَ فِي ذَلِكَ فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْفِطْرَةُ قَدْ كَثُرَ السُّؤَالُ عَنْهَا وَأَنَا أَكْرَهُ كُلَّ مَا أَدَّى إِلَى الشُّهْرَةِ فَاقْطَعُوا ذِكْرَ ذَلِكَ وَاقْبِضْ مِمَّنْ دَفَعَ لَهَا وَأَمْسِكْ عَمَّنْ لَمْ يَدْفَعْ.


24. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ja’far from Ayyub ibn Nuh who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan, the third, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that a (certain) people have asked me about al-Fitrah. They ask if they can bring its price to you. In the year before, this man had delivered to you. He had asked me to ask you but I had forgotten about it. This year I have sent you for every one of my dependents one dirham as price of nine Artal for one dirham. Grant us your decision, I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause. He (the Imam) wrote to me, ‘Questions about al- Fitrah have become so many and I dislike whatever leads to popularity (unnecessary propagation). Cut down its mention, accept from those who have given, and abstain from those who have not paid.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/425)