76. Al-’Ttikaf (Fasting for Three Days while Staying in a Masjid)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا كَانَ الْعَشْرُ الأَوَاخِرُ اعْتَكَفَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَضُرِبَتْ لَهُ قُبَّةٌ مِنْ شَعْرٍ وَشَمَّرَ الْمِئْزَرَ وَطَوَى فِرَاشَهُ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ وَاعْتَزَلَ النِّسَاءَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَمَّا اعْتِزَالُ النِّسَاءِ فَلا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from af-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan would retire in Masjid in seclusion for Ttikaf with a tent made of animals’ wool pitched for him. He (the Messenger of Allah) would secure his loincloth and fold up his bed (reduced sleeping). Certain others have said that he (the Messenger of Allah) stayed away from women; but Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Isolation from women was not true.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/426)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَتْ بَدْرٌ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلَمْ يَعْتَكِفْ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَ مِنْ قَابِلٍ اعْتَكَفَ عَشْرَيْنِ عَشْراً لِعَامِهِ وَعَشْراً قَضَاءً لِمَا فَاتَهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘(The battle of) Badr took place in the month of Ramadan. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did not do Ttikaf. In the next year he performed Ttikaf for twenty days. Ten days were for the current year and ten days for Qada’ (compensatory) of the year before.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/426)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ اعْتَكَفَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي الْعَشْرِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ اعْتَكَفَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الْوُسْطَى ثُمَّ اعْتَكَفَ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ فِي الْعَشْرِ الأَوَاخِرِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَزَلْ يَعْتَكِفُ فِي الْعَشْرِ الأَوَاخِرِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Dawud ibn al-Huseen from abu al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed Ttikaf in the first ten days of the month of Ramadan. In the second year it was in the second ten days and then in the third year in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan. Thereafter it was all the time in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/427)