62. Fasting on ‘Id Days and during the Bright Days of the Month: 11, 12 and 13

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صِيَامِ يَوْمِ الْفِطْرِ فَقَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي صِيَامُهُ وَلا صِيَامُ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about fasting on the day of al-Fitr (first day of the month of Shawwal). He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not proper to fast as well as on the days of al- Tashriq.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/363)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمُكَارِي عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَبِي الْحَلاَّلِ قَالَ قَالَ لَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا صِيَامَ بَعْدَ الأَضْحَى ثَلاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَلا بَعْدَ الْفِطْرِ ثَلاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ إِنَّهَا أَيَّامُ أَكْلٍ وَشُرْبٍ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu Sa‘id al-Mukariy from Ziyad ibn abu al-Hallal who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to us, ‘Fasting is not proper during three days after al- Adha’ (10th of Duh al-Hajjah) as well as after al-Fitr (the first day of the month of Shawwal); they are the days for eating and drinking.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/363)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْيَوْمَيْنِ اللَّذَيْنِ بَعْدَ الْفِطْرِ أَ يُصَامَانِ أَمْ لا فَقَالَ أَكْرَهُ لَكَ أَنْ تَصُومَهُمَا.


3. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the two days after al-Fitr; if fasting is permissible therein. He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not like for you to fast on those days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/363)