63. Fasting on Memorable Days

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيدٌ غَيْرَ الْعِيدَيْنِ قَالَ نَعَمْ يَا حَسَنُ أَعْظَمُهُمَا وَأَشْرَفُهُمَا قُلْتُ وَأَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ قَالَ هُوَ يَوْمٌ نُصِبَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ الله وَسَلامُهُ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ عَلَماً لِلنَّاسِ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَصْنَعَ فِيهِ قَالَ تَصُومُهُ يَا حَسَنُ وَتُكْثِرُ الصَّلاةَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَتَبَرَّأُ إِلَى الله مِمَّنْ ظَلَمَهُمْ فَإِنَّ الأَنْبِيَاءَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِمْ كَانَتْ تَأْمُرُ الأَوْصِيَاءَ بِالْيَوْمِ الَّذِي كَانَ يُقَامُ فِيهِ الْوَصِيُّ أَنْ يُتَّخَذَ عِيداً قَالَ قُلْتُ فَمَا لِمَنْ صَامَهُ قَالَ صِيَامُ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً وَلا تَدَعْ صِيَامَ يَوْمِ سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ رَجَبٍ فَإِنَّهُ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي نَزَلَتْ فِيهِ النُّبُوَّةُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَثَوَابُهُ مِثْلُ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً لَكُمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from af-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather, al-Hassan ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ’I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, are there other ‘Id for the Muslims besides the two ‘Ids? 5 The Imam replied, ‘Yes, O Hassan, there is a greater and more important ‘Id than these.’ I then asked, ‘When is such ‘Id?’ He replied, ‘It is the day when ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was appointed as the banner and lighthouse for people.’ I then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, what then we should do on this day?’ He replied, ‘Fast, O Hassan, increase your appeal before Allah saying, “Grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause).” Denounce before Allah those who did injustice to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and his family. The prophets, may Allah grant them favors, would command the executors of the will to celebrate the day when they were appointed as executors of the will, as ‘Id.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if one fasts on such day?’ He replied, ‘Fasting on this day is equal to fasting for sixty months. Do not ignore fasting on the twenty-seventh of the month of Rajab. It is the day when prophet-hood came down up on Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. Fasting on this day is equal to sixty months (of fasting).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/364)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ بَعَثَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مُحَمَّداً (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ فِي سَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ رَجَبٍ فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ الله لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً وَفِي خَمْسَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ وُضِعَ الْبَيْتُ وَهُوَ أَوَّلُ رَحْمَةٍ وُضِعَتْ عَلَى وَجْهِ الأَرْضِ فَجَعَلَهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَثَابَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَأَمْناً فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ الله لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً وَفِي أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ وُلِدَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ خَلِيلُ الرَّحْمَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ الله لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from certain individuals of our people who have said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, the 1st, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, sent Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, as a mercy for the worlds on the twenty-seventh of the month of Rajab. Allah counts one’s fasting during this day as fasting for sixty months. On the twenty- fifth of Dhul al-Qa’dah, the House was established, and it was the first instance of mercy established on earth. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, made a place to gain rewards and a place of inviolability. Allah counts one’s fasting during this day as fasting for sixty months. On the first day of Dhul Hajjah, Ibrahim, the friend of the Beneficent was born. Allah counts one’s fasting during this day as fasting for sixty months.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/365)



3ـ سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيدٌ غَيْرَ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالأَضْحَى وَالْفِطْرِ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَعْظَمُهَا حُرْمَةً قُلْتُ وَأَيُّ عِيدٍ هُوَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي نَصَبَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَقَالَ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلاهُ قُلْتُ وَأَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ قَالَ وَمَا تَصْنَعُ بِالْيَوْمِ إِنَّ السَّنَةَ تَدُورُ وَلَكِنَّهُ يَوْمُ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَفْعَلَ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ قَالَ تَذْكُرُونَ الله عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ فِيهِ بِالصِّيَامِ وَالْعِبَادَةِ وَالذِّكْرِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَوْصَى أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ عِيداً وَكَذَلِكَ كَانَتِ الأَنْبِيَاءُ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) تَفْعَلُ كَانُوا يُوصُونَ أَوْصِيَاءَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ فَيَتَّخِذُونَهُ عِيداً.


3. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Salim from his father who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Are there for Muslims other ‘Id besides, Friday, the tenth of the month of Dhul Hajjah and the first day of the month of Shawwal?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, there is such a day, in fact, it is of greater importance.’ I then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, which days are they?’ He replied, ‘One is the day during which the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, announced the appointment of ’Amir al-Mu’minin (as the executor of his will), saying, “Whoever’ s guardian I am, Ali also is his guardian.’” I then asked, ‘Which day is this day?’ He replied, ‘What do you have to do with the day; the year goes around, however, it is the eighteenth of the month of Dhul Hajjah.’ I then asked, ‘What should we do during this day?’ He replied, ‘You should pay attention to Allah, majestic is whose mention, by fasting, worshipping and speaking of Muhammad and his family, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. The Messenger of Allah advised ’Amir al-Mu’minin to celebrate this day as ‘Id. This is what the prophets would do. They would advise the executors (of their wills) to celebrate this day as a day of ’Id.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/366)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ السُّخْتِ عَنْ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الصَّيْقَلِ قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا أَبُو الْحَسَنِ يَعْنِي الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي يَوْمِ خَمْسَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ فَقَالَ صُومُوا فَإِنِّي أَصْبَحْتُ صَائِماً قُلْنَا جُعِلْنَا فِدَاكَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فَقَالَ يَوْمٌ نُشِرَتْ فِيهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَدُحِيَتْ فِيهِ الأَرْضُ وَنُصِبَتْ فِيهِ الْكَعْبَةُ وَهَبَطَ فِيهِ آدَمُ ع.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Yusuf al-Sukht from Hamdan ibn al-Nadr from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Sayqal who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once came out to us on the twenty-fifth of the month of Dhul Qa’dah and said, ‘You should fast during this day. I am fasting.’ We then said, ‘We pray to Allah to keep our souls in service for your cause, which day is it?’ He replied, ‘It is the day during which the mercy (of Allah) was spread, the earth was extended and al-Ka‘bah was placed in place and Adam descended therein.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/366)