61. Fasting on Ninth of Dhul Hajjah and on Tenth of Muharram

Back to book

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ فَقَالَ أَ مَا أَصُومُهُ الْيَوْمَ وَهُوَ يَوْمُ دُعَاءٍ وَمَسْأَلَةٍ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya and Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-’Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about fasting on the ninth of Dhul Hajjah (day of ‘Arafah). He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not fast that day. It is the day of imploring and pleading before Allah.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/359)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمْ يَصُمْ يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ مُنْذُ نَزَلَ صِيَامُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah ibn Maymun from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: ““I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The Messenger of Allah did not fast on the day of ‘Arafah from the time fasting of the month of Ramadan came down.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/359)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ نُوحِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ النَّيْسَابُورِيِّ عَنْ يَاسِينَ الضَّرِيرِ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالا لا تَصُمْ فِي يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ وَلا عَرَفَةَ بِمَكَّةَ وَلا فِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَلا فِي وَطَنِكَ وَلا فِي مِصْرٍ مِنَ الأَمْصَارِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Nuh ibn Shu’ayb al-Naysaburiy, from Yasin al-Darir from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, have said, ‘You must not fast on the day of ‘Ashura’ (tenth of Muharram) and on the day of ‘Arafah in Makkah, in al-Madinah, in your homeland or in any other city.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/360)



4ـ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْهَاشِمِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي نَجَبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ الْعَطَّارُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالَ صَوْمٌ مَتْرُوكٌ بِنُزُولِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَالْمَتْرُوكُ بِدْعَةٌ قَالَ نَجَبَةُ فَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ بَعْدِ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَجَابَنِي بِمِثْلِ جَوَابِ أَبِيهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ صَوْمُ يَوْمٍ مَا نَزَلَ بِهِ كِتَابٌ وَلا جَرَتْ بِهِ سُنَّةٌ إِلاَّ سُنَّةُ آلِ زِيَادٍ بِقَتْلِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِمَا.


4. Al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Hashimiy has narrated from Muhammad ibn Musa from Ya’qub ibn Yazid from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ who has said that narrated to me Najabah ibn al-Harith al-‘ Attar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’ (tenth of Muharram). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a discarded fast after the coming of the month of Ramadan, and what is discarded and abandoned is heresy.’ Najabah has said that I then asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, after his father about it and he answered me just like the answer of his father. He (the Imam) then said, ‘It is a fast about which there is nothing in the book or an established Sunnah except the Sunnah of the family of Ziyad for their murdering al-Husayn ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/360)



5ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي جَعْفَرُ بْنُ عِيسَى أَخُوهُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ صَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ وَمَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ عَنْ صَوْمِ ابْنِ مَرْجَانَةَ تَسْأَلُنِي ذَلِكَ يَوْمٌ صَامَهُ الأَدْعِيَاءُ مِنْ آلِ زِيَادٍ لِقَتْلِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ يَوْمٌ يَتَشَأَّمُ بِهِ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَيَتَشَأَّمُ بِهِ أَهْلُ الإِسْلامِ وَالْيَوْمُ الَّذِي يَتَشَأَّمُ بِهِ أَهْلُ الإِسْلامِ لا يُصَامُ وَلا يُتَبَرَّكُ بِهِ وَيَوْمُ الإِثْنَيْنِ يَوْمُ نَحْسٌ قَبَضَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِيهِ نَبِيَّهُ وَمَا أُصِيبَ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ إِلاَّ فِي يَوْمِ الإِثْنَيْنِ فَتَشَأَّمْنَا بِهِ وَتَبَرَّكَ بِهِ عَدُوُّنَا وَيَوْمُ عَاشُورَاءَ قُتِلَ الْحُسَيْنُ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ وَتَبَرَّكَ بِهِ ابْنُ مَرْجَانَةَ وَتَشَأَّمَ بِهِ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِمْ فَمَنْ صَامَهُمَا أَوْ تَبَرَّكَ بِهِمَا لَقِيَ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى مَمْسُوخَ الْقَلْبِ وَكَانَ حَشْرُهُ مَعَ الَّذِينَ سَنُّوا صَوْمَهُمَا وَالتَّبَرُّكَ بِهِمَا.


5. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Muhammad ibn ’Isa ibn ‘Ubayd who has said that narrated to me Ja’far ibn ’Isa his brother who has said the following: “I once asked al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about fasting on ‘Ashura’ and what people say about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the fast of ibn Marjanah. You are asking me about the day in which the adopted ones of the family of Ziyad for their murdering al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, were fasting. It is an ominous day for the family of Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. For people of Islam it is an ominous day. A day, which is ominous for the people of Islam is not a day of fasting or a day of blessing. Monday is an unblessed day because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, took His Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, from this world. The family of Muhammad, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has been hurt on Monday, so we took it as an ominous day and our enemies took it as a day of blessing. On the day of ‘Ashura’ al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was murdered and ibn Marjanah took it for blessing but the family of Muhammad, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, took it as an ominous day. Whoever fasts on this day or takes it for blessing will come in the presence of Allah, most Blessed, most High, with metamorphosed heart and will be raised with those who established the Sunnah of fasting on that day and took it for blessing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/360)



6ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ النَّرْسِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عُبَيْدَ بْنَ زُرَارَةَ يَسْأَلُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالَ مَنْ صَامَهُ كَانَ حَظُّهُ مِنْ صِيَامِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ حَظَّ ابْنِ مَرْجَانَةَ وَآلِ زِيَادٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَمَا كَانَ حَظُّهُمْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ قَالَ النَّارُ أَعَاذَنَا الله مِنَ النَّارِ وَمِنْ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُ مِنَ النَّارِ.


6. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa who has said that narrated to us Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr from Zayd al-Narsiy who has said the following: “I heard Zurarah asking abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the fast on the day of ‘Ashura’. He (the Imam) said, ‘Whoever fasts that day, his share for such fast is like the share of ibn Marjanah and the family of Ziyad.’ I then asked, ‘What was their share of that day ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the fire, I seek protection with Allah against it and against the deeds that take one closer to the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/362)



7ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ صَوْمِ تَاسُوعَاءَ وَعَاشُورَاءَ مِنْ شَهْرِ الْمُحَرَّمِ فَقَالَ تَاسُوعَاءُ يَوْمٌ حُوصِرَ فِيهِ الْحُسَيْنُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَصْحَابُهُ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُمْ بِكَرْبَلاءَ وَاجْتَمَعَ عَلَيْهِ خَيْلُ أَهْلِ الشَّامِ وَأَنَاخُوا عَلَيْهِ وَفَرِحَ ابْنُ مَرْجَانَةَ وَعُمَرُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ بِتَوَافُرِ الْخَيْلِ وَكَثْرَتِهَا وَاسْتَضْعَفُوا فِيهِ الْحُسَيْنَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابَهُ رَضِيَ الله عَنْهُمْ وَأَيْقَنُوا أَنْ لا يَأْتِيَ الْحُسَيْنَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) نَاصِرٌ وَلا يُمِدَّهُ أَهْلُ الْعِرَاقِ بِأَبِي الْمُسْتَضْعَفُ الْغَرِيبُ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَأَمَّا يَوْمُ عَاشُورَاءَ فَيَوْمٌ أُصِيبَ فِيهِ الْحُسَيْنُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صَرِيعاً بَيْنَ أَصْحَابِهِ وَأَصْحَابُهُ صَرْعَى حَوْلَهُ عُرَاةً أَ فَصَوْمٌ يَكُونُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ كَلاَّ وَرَبِّ الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ مَا هُوَ يَوْمَ صَوْمٍ وَمَا هُوَ إِلاَّ يَوْمُ حُزْنٍ وَمُصِيبَةٍ دَخَلَتْ عَلَى أَهْلِ السَّمَاءِ وَأَهْلِ الأَرْضِ وَجَمِيعِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَيَوْمُ فَرَحٍ وَسُرُورٍ لابْنِ مَرْجَانَةَ وَآلِ زِيَادٍ وَأَهْلِ الشَّامِ غَضِبَ الله عَلَيْهِمْ وَعَلَى ذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ وَذَلِكَ يَوْمٌ بَكَتْ عَلَيْهِ جَمِيعُ بِقَاعِ الأَرْضِ خَلا بُقْعَةِ الشَّامِ فَمَنْ صَامَهُ أَوْ تَبَرَّكَ بِهِ حَشَرَهُ الله مَعَ آلِ زِيَادٍ مَمْسُوخُ الْقَلْبِ مَسْخُوطٌ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنِ ادَّخَرَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ ذَخِيرَةً أَعْقَبَهُ الله تَعَالَى نِفَاقاً فِي قَلْبِهِ إِلَى يَوْمِ يَلْقَاهُ وَانْتَزَعَ الْبَرَكَةَ عَنْهُ وَعَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَوُلْدِهِ وَشَارَكَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فِي جَمِيعِ ذَلِكَ.


7. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Aban from ‘Abd al-Malik who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the fast on the day of ‘Ashura’ of the month of Muharram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Tasu‘a’ (ninth of Muharram) was the day when they had surrounded al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and his friends, may Allah be pleased with them, in Karbala’. The horsemen of al-Sham had come together against him, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and had taken him under siege. Ibn Marjanah and ‘Umar ibn Sa‘d were happy because of the huge number of horsemen on their side, and they made al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and his friends, may Allah be pleased with them, very weak. They became certain that no one will come to help al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and people of Iraq will not support him. I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for the cause of my great-grandfather who had very few supporters.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘The day of ‘Ashura’ is the day on which al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was murdered and his friends around him were all murdered and looted. How can there be fast on that day! No, by the Lord of the sacred house there is no fasting on such a day. It is only a day of mourning and lamentation that came upon the inhabitants of the sky and earth and all believing people. It is a day of happiness and joy for ibn Marjanah and family of Ziyad and people of al-Sham, may Allah subject them to His anger as well as their offspring. This was a day when all locations of earth wept except al-Sham. Those who fast on this day or take it for blessing will be raised, by Allah, with the family of Ziyad with their hearts metamorphosed and subjected to anger. Whoever seeks any saving for their homes on this day will be made by Allah as a seed of hypocrisy in his heart up to the Day of Judgment, blessing is removed thereof, from his family, and children. Satan will share him in all of such savings.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/362)