60. Postponing the Three Days Fasting to Winter Months

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله أَوْ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَتَعَمَّدُ الشَّهْرَ فِي الأَيَّامِ الْقِصَارِ يَصُومُهُ لِسَنَةٍ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who purposely postpones fasting for the times when days of the year are shorter. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/358)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مِهْزَمٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صَوْمُ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ أُؤَخِّرُهُ إِلَى الشِّتَاءِ ثُمَّ أَصُومُهَا قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Ibrahim ibn Mahziyar from Husayn ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if I can delay fasting of three days of every month to fast in winter. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/358)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الثَّلاثَةِ أَيَّامِ الشَّهْرِ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ لَهُ أَنْ يُؤَخِّرَهَا أَوْ يَصُومُهَا فِي آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ قُلْتُ يَصُومُهَا مُتَوَالِيَةً أَوْ يُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَهَا قَالَ مَا أَحَبَّ إِنْ شَاءَ مُتَوَالِيَةً وَإِنْ شَاءَ فَرَّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا.


3. Ahmad ibn Idris and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who owes three days of fasting of every month if it is proper for him to delay and fast in the end of the month. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’ I then asked, ‘Should he fast with intervals in between or without it? He (the Imam) said, ‘Whichever way he likes, with or without interval as he chooses.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/359)