34. Understanding Generosity and Munificence

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَهْمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ فِي الطَّوَافِ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْجَوَادِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ لِكَلامِكَ وَجْهَيْنِ فَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَسْأَلُ عَنِ الْمَخْلُوقِ فَإِنَّ الْجَوَادَ الَّذِي يُؤَدِّي مَا افْتَرَضَ الله عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَسْأَلُ عَنِ الْخَالِقِ فَهُوَ الْجَوَادُ إِنْ أَعْطَى وَهُوَ الْجَوَادُ إِنْ مَنَعَ لأَنَّهُ إِنْ أَعْطَاكَ أَعْطَاكَ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ وَإِنْ مَنَعَكَ مَنَعَكَ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from, his father from abu al-Jahm from Musa ibn Bakr from Ahmad ibn Sulayman who has said the following: “A man once asked abu al-Hassan, the 1st, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when he was performing Tawaf (walking seven times around the Ka‘bah), ‘Tell me about generosity.’ The Imam replied, ‘Your question has two sides. If you are asking about a generous creature, the answer is that a generous creature is one who pays what Allah has made obligatory on him to pay. If you are asking about the generosity of the Creator, then the answer is that the Creator is generous when He gives you something, and He is generous if He denies you something; if He gives you something, it does not belong to you; and if He denies you something, it does not belong to you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/167)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ مَا حَدُّ السَّخَاءِ فَقَالَ تُخْرِجُ مِنْ مَالِكَ الْحَقَّ الَّذِي أَوْجَبَهُ الله عَلَيْكَ فَتَضَعُهُ فِي مَوْضِعِهِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from certain individuals of our people who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What is the limit of generosity?’ The Imam replied, ‘It is to pay what Allah has made obligatory on you to pay to properly deserving recipients.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/168)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ السَّخِيُّ مُحَبَّبٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ مُحَبَّبٌ فِي الأَرْضِ خُلِقَ مِنْ طِينَةٍ عَذْبَةٍ وَخُلِقَ مَاءُ عَيْنَيْهِ مِنْ مَاءِ الْكَوْثَرِ وَالْبَخِيلُ مُبَغَّضٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ مُبَغَّضٌ فِي الأَرْضِ خُلِقَ مِنْ طِينَةٍ سَبِخَةٍ وَخُلِقَ مَاءُ عَيْنَيْهِ مِنْ مَاءِ الْعَوْسَجِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqah who has said the following: “Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, narrated that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘A generous person is beloved in the heavens and on earth. Such persons are created from sweet clay. The water of the eyes of such people is created from the water of al-Kawthar. Stingy persons are hated in the heaven and on earth. Such people are created from salty clay and the water of the eyes of such people is created from the water of thorns.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/168)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ مَهْدِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ السَّخِيُّ الْحَسَنُ الْخُلُقِ فِي كَنَفِ الله لا يَسْتَخْلِي الله مِنْهُ حَتَّى يُدْخِلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَا بَعَثَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ نَبِيّاً وَلا وَصِيّاً إِلاَّ سَخِيّاً وَمَا كَانَ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ إِلاَّ سَخِيّاً وَمَا زَالَ أَبِي يُوصِينِي بِالسَّخَاءِ حَتَّى مَضَى وَقَالَ مَنْ أَخْرَجَ مِنْ مَالِهِ الزَّكَاةَ تَامَّةً فَوَضَعَهَا فِي مَوْضِعِهَا لَمْ يُسْأَلْ مِنْ أَيْنَ اكْتَسَبْتَ مَالَكَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Mahdiy who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A generous person who possesses good moral discipline is under Allah’s protection and Allah does not leave such a person alone until He admits him to Paradise. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has never sent a prophet or an executor of the will of the prophets who is not generous. All the people of good deeds were generous. My father continued to encourage me to be generous until he passed away. He said, ‘One who pays zakat completely and pays it to properly deserving persons is not questioned wherefrom he has earned his wealth.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/168)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمُكَارِي عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَتَى رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَفْدٌ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ وَفِيهِمْ رَجُلٌ كَانَ أَعْظَمَهُمْ كَلاماً وَأَشَدَّهُمْ اسْتِقْصَاءً فِي مُحَاجَّةِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَغَضِبَ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حَتَّى الْتَوَى عِرْقُ الْغَضَبِ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ وَتَرَبَّدَ وَجْهُهُ وَأَطْرَقَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ فَأَتَاهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ رَبُّكَ يُقْرِئُكَ السَّلامَ وَيَقُولُ لَكَ هَذَا رَجُلٌ سَخِيٌّ يُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ فَسَكَنَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْغَضَبُ وَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ وَقَالَ لَهُ لَوْ لا أَنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَنِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنَّكَ سَخِيٌّ تُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ لَشَرَدْتُ بِكَ وَجَعَلْتُكَ حَدِيثاً لِمَنْ خَلْفَكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَيُحِبُّ السَّخَاءَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَأَنَّكَ رَسُولُ الله وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ لا رَدَدْتُ مِنْ مَالِي أَحَداً.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn ibn abu Sa‘id al-Mukariy from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a delegate from Yemen once came to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. Among them, there was a man who was the greatest among them in speaking and most intense in arguing with the Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet became angry and the sweat of anger appeared between his eyes, his complexion changed, and he began to look down on the ground. Jibril (Gabriel) came to him and said, ‘Your Lord sends you greetings of peace and says, “This is a generous man. He provides food (for people).” The anger of the Holy Prophet calmed down. He raised his head and said,


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/168)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ أَبَا أَضْيَافٍ فَكَانَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُونُوا عِنْدَهُ خَرَجَ يَطْلُبُهُمْ وَأَغْلَقَ بَابَهُ وَأَخَذَ الْمَفَاتِيحَ يَطْلُبُ الأَضْيَافَ وَإِنَّهُ رَجَعَ إِلَى دَارِهِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَجُلٍ أَوْ شِبْهِ رَجُلٍ فِي الدَّارِ فَقَالَ يَا عَبْدَ الله بِإِذْنِ مَنْ دَخَلْتَ هَذِهِ الدَّارَ قَالَ دَخَلْتُهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا يُرَدِّدُ ذَلِكَ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَعَرَفَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ فَحَمِدَ الله ثُمَّ قَالَ أَرْسَلَنِي رَبُّكَ إِلَى عَبْدٍ مِنْ عَبِيدِهِ يَتَّخِذُهُ خَلِيلاً قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَأَعْلِمْنِي مَنْ هُوَ أَخْدُمْهُ حَتَّى أَمُوتَ قَالَ فَأَنْتَ هُوَ قَالَ وَمِمَّ ذَلِكَ قَالَ لأَنَّكَ لَمْ تَسْأَلْ أَحَداً شَيْئاً قَطُّ وَلَمْ تُسْأَلْ شَيْئاً قَطُّ فَقُلْتَ لا.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘ Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain individuals of our people from Aban ibn Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was the father of guest- entertaining people. Whenever he did not have a guest, he would go out to search for a guest. He would close his door and take the keys with him when looking for guests. Once he returned home and found a person, or someone similar to a person, in his house. He asked, ‘Who are you, O servant of Allah and by whose permission have you come here?’ He replied, ‘I have come here by the permission of the owner of the house,’ and repeated it three times. Ibrahim then realized that he is Jibril. He thanked Allah and said, ‘Your Lord has sent me to one of His servants whom He has chosen as His friend.’ Ibrahim then said, ‘You should inform me, who is he so I serve him until the time of my death?’ He (Jibril) replied, ‘That person is yourself.’ He (Ibrahim) asked, ‘Why is that?’ He (Jibril) replied, ‘It is because you have never asked anyone for help and you are never asked.’ I said, ‘No, it has not happened.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/169)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَتَى رَجُلٌ النَّبِيَّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله أَيُّ النَّاسِ أَفْضَلُهُمْ إِيمَاناً قَالَ أَبْسَطُهُمْ كَفّاً.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd al- Rahman who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a man came to the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and said, ‘O the Messenger of Allah, who among people is of more excellent belief?’ He replied, ‘He is one whose hands are more open than others.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/169)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يُؤْتَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِرَجُلٍ فَيُقَالُ احْتَجَّ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ خَلَقْتَنِي وَهَدَيْتَنِي فَأَوْسَعْتَ عَلَيَّ فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أُوسِعُ عَلَى خَلْقِكَ وَأُيَسِّرُ عَلَيْهِمْ لِكَيْ تَنْشُرَ عَلَيَّ هَذَا الْيَوْمَ رَحْمَتَكَ وَتُيَسِّرَهُ فَيَقُولُ الرَّبُّ جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ وَتَعَالَى ذِكْرُهُ صَدَقَ عَبْدِي أَدْخِلُوهُ الْجَنَّةَ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from abu al-Hassan, Ali ibn Yahya from Ayyub ibn ‘A’yan from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘On the Day of Judgment a man will be brought and will be told to present his argument to support his merits. He will say,


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/169)



9ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ السَّخِيُّ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الله قَرِيبٌ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ قَرِيبٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ السَّخَاءُ شَجَرَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَنْ تَعَلَّقَ بِغُصْنٍ مِنْ أَغْصَانِهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ.


9. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘A generous person is close to Allah, close to Paradise and close to people.’ I also heard him say, ‘Generosity is a tree in Paradise. Whoever holds to one of its branches will enter Paradise.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/170)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ يَاسِرٍ الْخَادِمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ السَّخِيُّ يَأْكُلُ طَعَامَ النَّاسِ لِيَأْكُلُوا مِنْ طَعَامِهِ وَالْبَخِيلُ لا يَأْكُلُ مِنْ طَعَامِ النَّاسِ لِئَلاَّ يَأْكُلُوا مِنْ طَعَامِهِ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Yasar al-Khadim who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A generous person eats people’s food so that they eat his food. A stingy person does not eat people’s food so that they will not eat his food.’”




11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لابْنِهِ الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَا بُنَيَّ مَا السَّمَاحَةُ قَالَ الْبَذْلُ فِي الْيُسْرِ وَالْعُسْرِ.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah in a marfu‘ manner saying: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked his son, al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘My son, what is generosity?’ He replied, ‘It is providing assistance in both easy and difficult conditions.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/170)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لِبَعْضِ جُلَسَائِهِ أَ لا أُخْبِرُكَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ يُقَرِّبُ مِنَ الله وَيُقَرِّبُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةَ وَيُبَاعِدُ مِنَ النَّارِ فَقَالَ بَلَى فَقَالَ عَلَيْكَ بِالسَّخَاءِ فَإِنَّ الله خَلَقَ خَلْقاً بِرَحْمَتِهِ لِرَحْمَتِهِ فَجَعَلَهُمْ لِلْمَعْرُوفِ أَهْلاً وَلِلْخَيْرِ مَوْضِعاً وَلِلنَّاسِ وَجْهاً يُسْعَى إِلَيْهِمْ لِكَيْ يُحْيُوهُمْ كَمَا يُحْيِي الْمَطَرُ الأَرْضَ الْمُجْدِبَةَ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الآمِنُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to a certain person in his presence, ‘Should I tell you about something that gets you close to Allah and to paradise and away from hell fire?’ He said, ‘Yes, please do so.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘You must maintain generosity. Allah has created a creature by His kindness for His kindness. He has made them true deserving recipients of Benevolent Assistance, the proper place for good deeds, and a direction for people to strive toward them, so that they revive them, just as rain revives the barren land. Such people are the believers who live in peace in paradise on the Day of Judgment.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/170)



13ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ أَوْحَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَى مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ لا تَقْتُلِ السَّامِرِيَّ فَإِنَّهُ سَخِيٌّ.


13. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated in a marfu‘ manner saying: “He (the Imam) has said, ‘Allah the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, sent revelation to Moses and told him not to kill the Samiriy because he was a generous person.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/170)



14ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ شَابٌّ سَخِيٌّ مُرَهَّقٌ فِي الذُّنُوبِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى الله مِنْ شَيْخٍ عَابِدٍ بَخِيلٍ.


14. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn Shu’ayb from abu Ja’far al- Mada’iniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a young generous man excessively involved in sins is more beloved to Allah than an old worshipping man who is stingy.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/170)



15ـ سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ خِيَارُكُمْ سُمَحَاؤُكُمْ وَشِرَارُكُمْ بُخَلاؤُكُمْ وَمِنْ خَالِصِ الإِيمَانِ الْبِرُّ بِالإِخْوَانِ وَالسَّعْيُ فِي حَوَائِجِهِمْ وَإِنَّ الْبَارَّ بِالإِخْوَانِ لَيُحِبُّهُ الرَّحْمَنُ وَفِي ذَلِكَ مَرْغَمَةٌ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَتَزَحْزُحٌ عَنِ النِّيرَانِ وَدُخُولُ الْجِنَانِ يَا جَمِيلُ أَخْبِرْ بِهَذَا غُرَرَ أَصْحَابِكَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَنْ غُرَرُ أَصْحَابِي قَالَ هُمُ الْبَارُّونَ بِالإِخْوَانِ فِي الْعُسْرِ وَالْيُسْرِ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا جَمِيلُ أَمَا إِنَّ صَاحِبَ الْكَثِيرِ يَهُونُ عَلَيْهِ ذَلِكَ وَقَدْ مَدَحَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي ذَلِكَ صَاحِبَ الْقَلِيلِ فَقَالَ فِي كِتَابِهِ يُؤْثِرُونَ عَلى‏ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَلَوْ كانَ بِهِمْ خَصاصَةٌ وَمَنْ يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ.


15. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The virtuous ones among you are the generous ones, and the wicked ones among you are the stingy ones. You must do good to your brothers (in belief) and striving to help them comes from pure belief. The Beneficent loves those who do good to their brothers (in belief), and such manners humiliate Satan, distance one from the fire of hell, and admit one into paradise. O Jamil, inform the most distinguished ones of your people of this fact.’ I then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, who are the most distinguished ones of my people?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘They are the ones who do good to their brothers (in belief) in both trouble-free and difficult conditions.’ He then said, ‘O Jamil, for affluent people, it is easy. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has praised the not-so-affluent ones in His book. ‘They give preference to them (the needy) over themselves, even concerning the things that they themselves urgently need. Whoever controls his greed will have everlasting happiness. (59:9)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/171)