35. Spending on Deserving Causes

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مِهْزَمٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ لَتَطْلُعُ وَمَعَهَا أَرْبَعَةُ أَمْلاكٍ مَلَكٌ يُنَادِي يَا صَاحِبَ الْخَيْرِ أَتِمَّ وَأَبْشِرْ وَمَلَكٌ يُنَادِي يَا صَاحِبَ الشَّرِّ انْزِعْ وَأَقْصِرْ وَمَلَكٌ يُنَادِي أَعْطِ مُنْفِقاً خَلَفاً وَآتِ مُمْسِكاً تَلَفاً وَمَلَكٌ يَنْضَحُهَا بِالْمَاءِ وَلَوْ لا ذَلِكَ اشْتَعَلَتِ الأَرْضُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid all from al- Hassan ibn Mahbub from Ibrahim ibn Mehzam from a man from Jabir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the sun rises, there are four angels with it. One angel calls, ‘O people of good deeds, complete your good deeds and for you there is glad news.’ Another angel calls, ‘O people of evil deeds, you must stop and stay away from evil deeds.’ The other angel says, To spend for deserving causes is a saving, and to withhold such spending is a sure loss.’ One angel keeps throwing water on it; otherwise, the earth catches fire.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/171)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ كَذلِكَ يُرِيهِمُ الله أَعْمالَهُمْ حَسَراتٍ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ هُوَ الرَّجُلُ يَدَعُ مَالَهُ لا يُنْفِقُهُ فِي طَاعَةِ الله بُخْلاً ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ فَيَدَعُهُ لِمَنْ يَعْمَلُ فِيهِ بِطَاعَةِ الله أَوْ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ الله فَإِنْ عَمِلَ بِهِ فِي طَاعَةِ الله رَآهُ فِي مِيزَانِ غَيْرِهِ فَرَآهُ حَسْرَةً وَقَدْ كَانَ الْمَالُ لَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ عَمِلَ بِهِ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ الله قَوَّاهُ بِذَلِكَ الْمَالِ حَتَّى عَمِلَ بِهِ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


2. Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah has narrated from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “This is about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, Thus Allah shows them their deeds that will make them regretful. (2:162)’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, This is a man who keeps his property without spending in obedience to Allah due to his stinginess. He then dies and leaves it (the property) for one who spends it in obedience to Allah or in disobedience of Allah. If it is spent in obedience of Allah and finds it in the balance of the other person, he then becomes regretful; it was his property. If it is spent in disobedience of Allah, he is the one who enabled the spender through that property to disobey Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/171)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ أَيْقَنَ بِالْخَلَفِ سَخَتْ نَفْسُهُ بِالنَّفَقَةِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa, from Ali ibn al-Hakam, from Musa ibn Rashid, from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “When one who believes with certainty in receiving reward (from Allah), his soul allows him to spend generously.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/172)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ بَعْضِ مَنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ فِي كَلامٍ لَهُ وَمَنْ يَبْسُطْ يَدَهُ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ إِذَا وَجَدَهُ يُخْلِفِ الله لَهُ مَا أَنْفَقَ فِي دُنْيَاهُ وَيُضَاعِفْ لَهُ فِي آخِرَتِهِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthaman ibn ‘Isa from certain individuals who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, in one of his speeches, ‘If one extends his hand to provide Benevolent Assistance when he is able to do so, Allah replaces, in this world, what he has spent and will grant them double reward in the next life.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/172)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ قَرَأْتُ فِي كِتَابِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَا أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ الْمَوَالِيَ إِذَا رَكِبْتَ أَخْرَجُوكَ مِنَ الْبَابِ الصَّغِيرِ فَإِنَّمَا ذَلِكَ مِنْ بُخْلٍ مِنْهُمْ لِئَلاَّ يَنَالَ مِنْكَ أَحَدٌ خَيْراً وَأَسْأَلُكَ بِحَقِّي عَلَيْكَ لا يَكُنْ مَدْخَلُكَ وَمَخْرَجُكَ إِلاَّ مِنَ الْبَابِ الْكَبِيرِ فَإِذَا رَكِبْتَ فَلْيَكُنْ مَعَكَ ذَهَبٌ وَفِضَّةٌ ثُمَّ لا يَسْأَلُكَ أَحَدٌ شَيْئاً إِلاَّ أَعْطَيْتَهُ وَمَنْ سَأَلَكَ مِنْ عُمُومَتِكَ أَنْ تَبَرَّهُ فَلا تُعْطِهِ أَقَلَّ مِنْ خَمْسِينَ دِينَاراً وَالْكَثِيرُ إِلَيْكَ وَمَنْ سَأَلَكَ مِنْ عَمَّاتِكَ فَلا تُعْطِهَا أَقَلَّ مِنْ خَمْسَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دِينَاراً وَالْكَثِيرُ إِلَيْكَ إِنِّي إِنَّمَا أُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ أَنْ يَرْفَعَكَ الله فَأَنْفِقْ وَلا تَخْشَ مِنْ ذِي الْعَرْشِ إِقْتَاراً.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I have read in a letter of abu al-Hassan, al-Rida, to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. It is said, ‘O abu Ja’far, I am told that the servants lead you out of the house through the small door so that no one receives any assistance from you and it is due to their stinginess. I ask you through my rights upon you; you must not use any other door for your exit or entrance besides the main door. When you want to ride, you must have gold or silver with you. Whoever asks you for help, you must not turn him away empty-handed. If any of your uncles asks you for help, you must not give him less than fifty dinars; but it is up to you if you want to give more. If any of your aunts asks you for help, you must not give her less than twenty-five dinars, but it is up to you if you want to give more. I want Allah to grant you higher position. Spend on deserving causes, and do not be afraid of the owner of the Throne’s making you poor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/172)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ جَهْمِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الأَيْدِي ثَلاثَةٌ سَائِلَةٌ وَمُنْفِقَةٌ وَمُمْسِكَةٌ وَخَيْرُ الأَيْدِي الْمُنْفِقَةُ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid has narrated from Jahm ibn al-Hakam al-Mad’iniy from Isma‘il ibn abu Ziyad who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, There are three kinds of hands: the asking hand, the withholding hand, and the spending hand, of which the best hand is the spending hand.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/172)



7ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ يَا حُسَيْنُ أَنْفِقْ وَأَيْقِنْ بِالْخَلَفِ مِنَ الله فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يَبْخَلْ عَبْدٌ وَلا أَمَةٌ بِنَفَقَةٍ فِيمَا يُرْضِي الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلاَّ أَنْفَقَ أَضْعَافَهَا فِيمَا يُسْخِطُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


7. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn has narrated from his father from Sa‘dan from al-Husayn ibn Ayman who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘O Husayn, you must spend (for deserving causes) and be certain about Allah’s replacing what you have spent. Any male or female servant (of Allah) who withholds spending for deserving causes that please Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ends up spending a double amount on such things that displeases Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/173)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ رَفَعَهُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَوْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُنْزِلُ الله الْمَعُونَةَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الْعَبْدِ بِقَدْرِ الْمَئُونَةِ فَمَنْ أَيْقَنَ بِالْخَلَفِ سَخَتْ نَفْسُهُ بِالنَّفَقَةِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah in a marfu‘ manner from who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah or abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah sends help from Heaven equal to the amount of expenditure. When one is certain about (Allah’s) replacing what is spent, his soul allows him to spend generously.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/173)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ مَوْلىً لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ هَلْ أَنْفَقْتَ الْيَوْمَ شَيْئاً قَالَ لا وَالله فَقَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَمِنْ أَيْنَ يُخْلِفُ الله عَلَيْنَا أَنْفِقْ وَلَوْ دِرْهَماً وَاحِداً.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, who has said the following: “The narrator has said, ‘Once, one of the servants of abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, came in and the Imam asked, “Have you spent (for deserving causes) anything today?” He (the servant) replied, “No, I have not done so.” Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, “Wherefrom will Allah then grant us replacement? You must spend (for deserving causes), even if it would be one dirham only.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/173)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ يَضْمَنُ أَرْبَعَةً بِأَرْبَعَةِ أَبْيَاتٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَنْفِقْ وَلا تَخَفْ فَقْراً وَأَنْصِفِ النَّاسَ مِنْ نَفْسِكَ وَأَفْشِ السَّلامَ فِي الْعَالَمِ وَاتْرُكِ الْمِرَاءَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ مُحِقّاً.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who is ready to guarantee to do four things will get four guaranteed homes in Paradise. They are: spending (for deserving causes) without fear from poverty, yielding to justice for people even against one’s own-self, offering greetings of peace loud and clearly in the world, and avoiding unneeded arguments, even if one is on the right side.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/173)