11. Undesirability of Turning Away One Asking for Help

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي زِيَادٍ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا تَقْطَعُوا عَلَى السَّائِلِ مَسْأَلَتَهُ فَلَوْلا أَنَّ الْمَسَاكِينَ يَكْذِبُونَ مَا أَفْلَحَ مَنْ رَدَّهُمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from af-Husayn ibn Yazid af-Nawfafiy from Isma‘il ibn abu Ziyad al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ’You must not cutoff one asking for help; even if such people lie, the person turning them away (empty handed) does not prosper.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/142)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَعْطِ السَّائِلَ وَلَوْ كَانَ عَلَى ظَهْرِ فَرَسٍ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’You must give charity to one asking for help even if he is riding a horse.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/142)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ الْوَصَّافِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ فِيمَا نَاجَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يَا مُوسَى أَكْرِمِ السَّائِلَ بِبَذْلٍ يَسِيرٍ أَوْ بِرَدٍّ جَمِيلٍ لأَنَّهُ يَأْتِيكَ مَنْ لَيْسَ بِإِنْسٍ وَلا جَانٍّ مَلائِكَةٌ مِنْ مَلائِكَةِ الرَّحْمَنِ يَبْلُونَك فِيمَا خَوَّلْتُكَ وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَمَّا نَوَّلْتُكَ فَانْظُرْ كَيْفَ أَنْتَ صَانِعٌ يَا ابْنَ عِمْرَانَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from al-Wassafiy from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, spoke to Moses about certain matters. Of such matters, one was this: ‘O Musa (Moses), treat one asking for help graciously, with a little charity or send him away with kind words; one who is not of man or Jinn may come to you who, in fact, is an angel of the angels of the Beneficent. He may come to examine and test you about the favors that I have granted you. They ask you of the favors I have granted to you. Consider, O son of ’Imran, how you behave.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/142)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ غَالِبٍ الأَسَدِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ قَالَ حَضَرْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) يَوْماً حِينَ صَلَّى الْغَدَاةَ فَإِذَا سَائِلٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) أَعْطُوا السَّائِلَ وَلا تَرُدُّوا سَائِلاً.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ghalib al-Asadiy from his father from Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyib who has said the following: “I visited Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, one day after he had performed the Morning Prayer. At that time, someone asking for help appeared at the door and Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Give something as charity to one who asks for help and do not turn away such people empty- handed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/143)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَيْمَنَ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ مَا مَنَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سَائِلاً قَطُّ إِنْ كَانَ عِنْدَهُ أَعْطَى وَإِلاَّ قَالَ يَأْتِي الله بِهِ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Isma‘il ibn Mehran from Ayman ibn Muhriz from abu Usamah, Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, never denied someone asking for help. If he had something with him, he gave charity; if not, he would say, ‘May Allah give you (charity).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/143)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا تَرُدُّوا السَّائِلَ وَلَوْ بِظِلْفٍ مُحْتَرِقٍ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from his father from Harun ibn al-Jahm from Hafs ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘You must not turn away one asking for help. Give him something, even if it is a burned cloven hoof (even if it is something of very little value).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/143)