12. The Amount of Charity for One Asking for Help

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَجَاءَهُ سَائِلٌ فَأَعْطَاهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ آخَرُ فَأَعْطَاهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ آخَرُ فَأَعْطَاهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ آخَرُ فَقَالَ يَسَعُ الله عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً لَوْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ يَبْلُغُ ثَلاثِينَ أَوْ أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ ثُمَّ شَاءَ أَنْ لا يَبْقَى مِنْهَا إِلاَّ وَضَعَهَا فِي حَقٍّ لَفَعَلَ فَيَبْقَى لا مَالَ لَهُ فَيَكُونُ مِنَ الثَّلاثَةِ الَّذِينَ يُرَدُّ دُعَاؤُهُمْ قُلْتُ مَنْ هُمْ قَالَ أَحَدُهُمْ رَجُلٌ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ فَأَنْفَقَهُ فِي غَيْرِ وَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ ارْزُقْنِي فَقَالَ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ لَكَ سَبِيلاً إِلَى طَلَبِ الرِّزْقِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from al-Walid ibn Sabih who has said the following: “Once I was in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when someone came asking for help. He gave him charity, then another one came, he gave him charity, yet another came for help, and he gave him charity. Then one more came for help and he said, ‘Allah will provide you.’ The Imam then said, ‘One may possess thirty or forty thousand dirham and then decide to spend it for a true cause until nothing is left with him. So he becomes one of the three kinds of people whose prayers are not heard.’ I then asked, ‘Who are such people?’ He replied, ‘One of them is a man who has a certain amount of wealth that he spends improperly and then prays to Allah for more wealth. He is then asked, “Have We not created ways and means to accumulate wealth?”’ (There is a mention of the other two kinds of people in al-Kafi, vol. 2, part 2, book of prayer Chapter 32 Hadith 1).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/143)



2ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ فِي السُّؤَّالِ أَطْعِمُوا ثَلاثَةً إِنْ شِئْتُمْ أَنْ تَزْدَادُوا فَازْدَادُوا وَإِلاَّ فَقَدْ أَدَّيْتُمْ حَقَّ يَوْمِكُمْ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the above Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say in answer to a question, ‘Feed three people or more if you like; however, you have already fulfilled what you should have done for the day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/144)