Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > The Matters Permissible in Endowment, Charity, Gift, Present, Providing Conditional Housing and Matters Permissible or otherwise for a Child and others
Hadith #38

38- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ دَاراً سُكْنَى لِرَجُلٍ إِبَّانَ حَيَاتِهِ أَوْ جَعَلَهَا لَهُ وَلِعَقِبِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ قَالَ هِيَ لَهُ وَلِعَقِبِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ كَمَا شَرَطَ قُلْتُ فَإِنِ احْتَاجَ يَبِيعُهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَيَنْقُضُ بَيْعُهُ الدَّارَ السُّكْنَى قَالَ لا يَنْقُضُ الْبَيْعُ السُّكْنَى كَذَلِكَ سَمِعْتُ أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَنْقُضُ الْبَيْعُ الإجَارَةَ وَلا السُّكْنَى وَلَكِنْ يَبِيعُهُ عَلَى أَنَّ الَّذِي يَشْتَرِيهِ لا يَمْلِكُ مَا اشْتَرَى حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ السُّكْنَى عَلَى مَا شَرَطَ وَالإجَارَةُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ رَدَّ عَلَى الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ مَالَهُ وَجَمِيعَ مَا لَزِمَهُ مِنَ النَّفَقَةِ وَالْعِمَارَةِ فِيمَا اسْتَأْجَرَهُ قَالَ عَلَى طِيبَةِ النَّفْسِ وَيَرْضَى الْمُسْتَأْجِرُ بِذَلِكَ لا بَأْسَ.

38. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Husayn ibn al-Nu’aym who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has given a house to a man to live in for his lifetime, or it is for him and those whom he leaves behind, as the condition may be. I then said, ‘If needed can he then sell it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’ I then asked, ‘Does such a sale cancel its being given to the man for his living a lifetime?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The sale does not cancel its being given to one for living therein a lifetime. That is how I heard my father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say that abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, “Selling does not cancel tenancy and rentals or being given to live a lifetime therein according to the condition and rent.’” I then asked, ’What happens if the tenant asks for his expenses, building and maintenance for what he has rented?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is with mutual agreements then it is not harmful.’”