Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > The Matters Permissible in Endowment, Charity, Gift, Present, Providing Conditional Housing and Matters Permissible or otherwise for a Child and others
Hadith #27

27- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ قَالَ كُنْتُ شَاهِدَ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى فَقَضَى فِي رَجُلٍ جَعَلَ لِبَعْضِ قَرَابَتِهِ غَلَّةَ دَارِهِ وَلَمْ يُوَقِّتْ وَقْتاً فَمَاتَ الرَّجُلُ فَحَضَرَ وَرَثَتُهُ ابْنَ أَبِي لَيْلَى وَحَضَرَ قَرَابَتُهُ الَّذِي جُعِلَ لَهُ الدَّارُ فَقَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى أَرَى أَنْ أَدَعَهَا عَلَى مَا تَرَكَهَا صَاحِبُهَا فَقَالَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ الثَّقَفِيُّ أَمَا إِنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَدْ قَضَى فِي هَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ بِخِلافِ مَا قَضَيْتَ فَقَالَ وَمَإ؛ّّيغ عِلْمُكَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) بِرَدِّ الْحَبِيسِ وَإِنْفَاذِ الْمَوَارِيثِ فَقَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى هَذَا عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَرْسِلْ وَائْتِنِي بِهِ قَالَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ عَلَى أَنْ لا تَنْظُرَ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِلا فِي ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ لَكَ ذَاكَ قَالَ فَأَرَاهُ الْحَدِيثَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الْكِتَابِ فَرَدَّ قَضِيَّتَهُ.

27. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah who has narrated the following: “I was witness that ibn abu Layla’ judged in the case of a man who had designated the income of a house for his relative without the mention of time limit. The man died and his heirs came to ibn abu Layla’ and his relative for whom the house was designated. Ibn abu Layla’ said, ‘I see that it must be left as its owner has left.’ Muhammad ibn Muslim al-Thaqafiy then said, ‘Ali ibn Abu Talib, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, judged in the same Masjid opposite to what you have judged.’ He asked, ‘How do you know that?’ He replied, ‘I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, “’Amir al-Mu’minin judged to return what is kept on hold and to execute the rules of inheritance.’” Ibn abu Layla’ then asked, ‘Is this written in a book with you?’ He replied, ‘Yes, it is in a book.’ He said, ‘Send to bring it.’ Muhammad ibn Muslim said, ‘I will do so upon the condition that you will not read anything else in the book besides this Hadith.’ He said, ‘That is up to you.’ He (the narrator) has said that he showed him the Hadith from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in the book and he took his judgment back.’”