Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > The Matters Permissible in Endowment, Charity, Gift, Present, Providing Conditional Housing and Matters Permissible or otherwise for a Child and others
Hadith #24

24- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ دَارٍ لَمْ تُقْسَمْ فَتَصَدَّقَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الدَّارِ بِنَصِيبِهِ مِنَ الدَّارِ قَالَ يَجُوزُ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَتْ هِبَةً قَالَ يَجُوزُ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَسْكَنَ رَجُلا دَارَهُ حَيَاتَهُ قَالَ يَجُوزُ لَهُ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يُخْرِجَهُ قُلْتُ فَلَهُ وَلِعَقِبِهِ قَالَ يَجُوزُ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَسْكَنَ رَجُلا وَلَمْ يُوَقِّتْ لَهُ شَيْئاً قَالَ يُخْرِجُهُ صَاحِبُ الدَّارِ إِذَا شَاءَ.

24. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Ahmad ibn ‘Umar al-Halabiy from his father who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a house which is not yet distributed and a certain one of the people of the house gives his share as charity. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if it is a grant?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible.’ I then asked him (the Imam) about a man who allows another man to use his house for his lifetime. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible but he cannot evict him.’ I then asked, ‘Can it be for him and those whom he leaves behind?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible.’ I then asked about the case in which one gives permission to another person to use a house without the mention of time duration. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can ask him to leave if he wants him to vacate the house.’”