73. Death Before Consummation of Marriage - Hadith #1

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ أَرْسَلَ يَخْطُبُ إِلَيْهِ امْرَأَةً وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ فَأَنْكَحُوا الْغَائِبَ وَفُرِضَ الصَّدَاقُ ثُمَّ جَاءَ خَبَرُهُ بَعْدُ أَنَّهُ تُوُفِّيَ بَعْدَ مَا سَبَقَ الصَّدَاقُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ أُمْلِكَ بَعْدَ مَا تُوُفِّيَ فَلَيْسَ لَهَا صَدَاقٌ وَلا مِيرَاثٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ أُمْلِكَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُتَوَفَّى فَلَهَا نِصْفُ الصَّدَاقِ وَهِيَ وَارِثُهُ وَعَلَيْهَا الْعِدَّةُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “About the case of a man who sends a proposal for marriage and he is absent. They give her in marriage to one who is absent and assign mahr (dower) but then news comes that he is dead after assigning mahr (dower). He (the Imam) said, Tf his earning is after his death she has no mahr (dower) or inheritance but if his earning is before his death then she deserves half of mahr (dower) and she inherits him.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/167)