Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Excellence of Farming
Hadith #6

6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَيُّ الْمَالِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ الزَّرْعُ زَرَعَهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَأَصْلَحَهُ وَأَدَّى حَقَّهُ يَوْمَ حَصَادِهِ قَالَ فَأَيُّ الْمَالِ بَعْدَ الزَّرْعِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ رَجُلٌ فِي غَنَمٍ لَهُ قَدْ تَبِعَ بِهَا مَوَاضِعَ الْقَطْرِ يُقِيمُ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ قَالَ فَأَيُّ الْمَالِ بَعْدَ الْغَنَمِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ الْبَقَرُ تَغْدُو بِخَيْرٍ وَتَرُوحُ بِخَيْرٍ قَالَ فَأَيُّ الْمَالِ بَعْدَ الْبَقَرِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ الرَّاسِيَاتُ فِي الْوَحْلِ وَالْمُطْعِمَاتُ فِي الْمَحْلِ نِعْمَ الشَّيْ‏ءُ النَّخْلُ مَنْ بَاعَهُ فَإِنَّمَا ثَمَنُهُ بِمَنْزِلَةِ رَمَادٍ عَلَى رَأْسِ شَاهِقٍ اشْتَدَّتْ بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي يَوْمٍ عَاصِفٍ إِلا أَنْ يُخَلِّفَ مَكَانَهَا قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَأَيُّ الْمَالِ بَعْدَ النَّخْلِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ فَسَكَتَ قَالَ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَأَيْنَ الإبِلُ قَالَ فِيهِ الشَّقَاءُ وَالْجَفَاءُ وَالْعَنَاءُ وَبُعْدُ الدَّارِ تَغْدُو مُدْبِرَةً وَتَرُوحُ مُدْبِرَةً لا يَأْتِي خَيْرُهَا إِلا مِنْ جَانِبِهَا الأشْأَمِ أَمَا إِنَّهَا لا تَعْدَمُ الأشْقِيَاءَ الْفَجَرَةَ. وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْكِيمِيَاءُ الأكْبَرُ الزِّرَاعَةُ.

6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, was asked, ‘Are assets (belongings) good?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘An owner farms and maintains it, then pays the dues on it on the day of harvest. What asset is better than farms?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘A man tends sheep, takes them to pasture, performs Salat (prayer), pays Zakat. What asset is better than sheep?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Cows go out safely and come back in the evening safely. What asset is better than cows?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘Firmly established palm trees reach moisture, the grafted ones produce sweet. How good is palm tree! One who sells them must notice that its price is like dust on a high place in a stormy windy day unless one replaces it.’ It was asked, £ 0 Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, what kind of asset is better after palm trees?’ He (the Messenger of Allah) remained calm for a while. A man then stood up and said, £ 0 Messenger of Allah, what about camel? He (the Messenger of Allah) said, £ In it there are misfortune, injustice, fatigue and farness from home. In the morning it is a loss and in the evening it is a loss. Its benefit comes only from its unfortunate side. It always is with the wicked sinful ones.’” It is narrated from abu £ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that farming is the great alchemy.