Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > Trying People and Examining Them by Means of al-Ka‘bah
Hadith #1

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي يُسْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ يُونُسَ قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ أَبِي الْعَوْجَاءِ مِنْ تَلامِذَةِ الْحَسَنِ الْبَصْرِيِّ فَانْحَرَفَ عَنِ التَّوْحِيدِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ تَرَكْتَ مَذْهَبَ صَاحِبِكَ وَدَخَلْتَ فِيمَا لا أَصْلَ لَهُ وَلا حَقِيقَةَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ صَاحِبِي كَانَ مِخْلَطاً كَانَ يَقُولُ طَوْراً بِالْقَدَرِ وَطَوْراً بِالْجَبْرِ وَوَمَا أَعْلَمُهُ اعْتَقَدَ مَذْهَباً دَامَ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدِمَ مَكَّةَ مُتَمَرِّداً وَإِنْكَاراً عَلَى مَنْ يَحُجُّ وَكَانَ يَكْرَهُ الْعُلَمَاءُ مُجَالَسَتَهُ وَمُسَاءَلَتَهُ لِخُبْثِ لِسَانِهِ وَفَسَادِ ضَمِيرِهِ فَأَتَى أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَجَلَسَ إِلَيْهِ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ مِنْ نُظَرَائِهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله إِنَّ الْمَجَالِسَ أَمَانَاتٌ وَلا بُدَّ لِكُلِّ مَنْ بِهِ سُعَالٌ أَنْ يَسْعُلَ أَ فَتَأْذَنُ فِي الْكَلامِ فَقَالَ تَكَلَّمْ فَقَالَ إِلَى كَمْ تَدُوسُونَ هَذَا الْبَيْدَرَ وَتَلُوذُونَ بِهَذَا الْحَجَرِ وَتَعْبُدُونَ هَذَا الْبَيْتَ الْمَعْمُورَ بِالطُّوبِ وَالْمَدَرِ وَتُهَرْوِلُونَ حَوْلَهُ هَرْوَلَةَ الْبَعِيرِ إِذَا نَفَرَ إِنَّ مَنْ فَكَّرَ فِي هَذَا وَقَدَّرَ عَلِمَ أَنَّ هَذَا فِعْلٌ أَسَّسَهُ غَيْرُ حَكِيمٍ وَلا ذِي نَظَرٍ فَقُلْ فَإِنَّكَ رَأْسُ هَذَا الأَمْرِ وَسَنَامُهُ وَأَبُوكَ أُسُّهُ وَتَمَامُهُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ مَنْ أَضَلَّهُ الله وَأَعْمَى قَلْبَهُ اسْتَوْخَمَ الْحَقَّ وَلَمْ يَسْتَعِذْ بِهِ وَصَارَ الشَّيْطَانُ وَلِيَّهُ وَرَبَّهُ وَقَرِينَهُ يُورِدُهُ مَنَاهِلَ الْهَلَكَةِ ثُمَّ لا يُصْدِرُهُ وَهَذَا بَيْتٌ اسْتَعْبَدَ الله بِهِ خَلْقَهُ لِيَخْتَبِرَ طَاعَتَهُمْ فِي إِتْيَانِهِ فَحَثَّهُمْ عَلَى تَعْظِيمِهِ وَزِيَارَتِهِ وَجَعَلَهُ مَحَلَّ أَنْبِيَائِهِ وَقِبْلَةً لِلْمُصَلِّينَ إِلَيْهِ فَهُوَ شُعْبَةٌ مِنْ رِضْوَانِهِ وَطَرِيقٌ يُؤَدِّي إِلَى غُفْرَانِهِ مَنْصُوبٌ عَلَى اسْتِوَاءِ الْكَمَالِ وَمَجْمَعِ الْعَظَمَةِ وَالْجَلالِ خَلَقَهُ الله قَبْلَ دَحْوِ الأَرْضِ بِأَلْفَيْ عَامٍ فَأَحَقُّ مَنْ أُطِيعَ فِيمَا أَمَرَ وَانْتُهِيَ عَمَّا نَهَى عَنْهُ وَزَجَرَ الله الْمُنْشِىُ لِلأَرْوَاحِ وَالصُّوَرِ.

1. Muhammad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Muhammad ibn abu Yusr from Dawud ibn ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn ‘Amr ibn Muhammad from ‘Isa ibn Yunus who has said the following: “Ibn abu al-‘Awja’ was one of the pupils of al-Hassan al-Basriy. He deviated from the belief of Monotheism. It was said to him, ‘You have given up the religion of your friend and have come to something that has no foundation and reality.’ He replied, ‘My friend was mixing the issue. One time he would say, “It is predestination” and then he would say, “It is compulsion.” I do not know if he believes in any religion with which he can continue.’ He went to Makkah, in disobedience and in rejection of belief in performing Hajj. Scholars disliked to sit and to speak with him due to his bad mouth and filthy conscience. He went to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and sat next to him in the company of people like him, and said, ‘O abu ‘Abd Allah, meeting places are trusts where everyone can cough if one needs to cough. Will you allow speaking?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can speak.’ He said, ‘For how long you continue walking around it like farmers threshing hay under their feet, seek refuge with this stone, worship this House built with bricks and rubble, run around like runaway camels? One who thinks a little about it comes to know of this action to be founded without wisdom and thinking. Say something about it; you’re the head of this matter and its peak, your father is the origin thereof and its completion.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘One whom Allah has made blind and has made him to go astray, he mistreats the truth and considers it tasteless; thus Satan becomes his source of authority and guardian, lord and companion, who leads to destructive places wherefrom he can never come out to safety. Through this house, Allah has asked His creatures to worship Him (acknowledge Him as their sole owner) so He may examine the quality of their obedience in their answering His call. He thus has strongly advised them to respect it with greatness and visit it. He has made it a place of His prophets and a point to face during performing salat (prayer). It is a branch of His pleasure, and it is a road and it leads to His forgiveness. It is established in perfect balance as a focal point of greatness and glory. Allah created it two thousand years before the spread of earth. He deserves more than anyone who is obeyed in what He commands and in what He prohibits and admonishes. Allah is the inventor of the spirits and forms.’”