Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > Additional Salat (prayer) in the Month of Ramadan
Hadith #1

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ دَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ مَا تَقُولُ فِي الصَّلاةِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ لِشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ حُرْمَةٌ وَحَقٌّ لا يَشْبَهُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ صَلِّ مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ تَطَوُّعاً بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ أَلْفَ رَكْعَةٍ فَافْعَلْ إِنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي آخِرِ عُمُرِهِ كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ أَلْفَ رَكْعَةٍ فَصَلِّ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ زِيَادَةً فِي رَمَضَانَ فَقُلْتُ كَمْ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَقَالَ فِي عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً تُصَلِّي فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً ثَمَانِيَ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الْعَتَمَةِ وَاثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً بَعْدَهَا سِوَى مَا كُنْتَ تُصَلِّي قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَإِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ الأَوَاخِرُ فَصَلِّ ثَلاثِينَ رَكْعَةً فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ ثَمَانِيَ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الْعَتَمَةِ وَاثْنَيْنِ وَعِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً بَعْدَهَا سِوَى مَا كُنْتَ تَفْعَلُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ.

1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id who has narrated it from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, from abu Basir who has said the following: “Once we visited abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and abu Basir asked, ’What do you say about al- salat (prayer) during the month of Ramadan?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’The month of Ramadan has a special respect and right, unlike the other months. You should perform salat (prayer) as much as you can in optional forms during the nights and days. If you can, perform a thousand Rak’at salat (prayer) every twenty-four hours you can. Imam Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, toward the end of his life would say one thousand Rak’at salat (prayer) in twenty-four hours. O abu Muhammad, you should perform more salat (prayer) during the month of Ramadan.’ I then asked, ’I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, how many Rak’ats (should one perform)?’ He said, ’During the first twenty nights, say twenty Rak’ats each night; eight Rak’ats before al-‘Atmah (late evening) and twelve Rak’ats thereafter, besides the prayers you would say before. During the last ten days, you should say thirty Rak’at every night; eight Rak’at before late evening, and twenty-two Rak’ats thereafter besides what you had been saying before these nights.’”