68. Additional Salat (prayer) in the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ دَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ مَا تَقُولُ فِي الصَّلاةِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ لِشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ حُرْمَةٌ وَحَقٌّ لا يَشْبَهُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ صَلِّ مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ تَطَوُّعاً بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ أَلْفَ رَكْعَةٍ فَافْعَلْ إِنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي آخِرِ عُمُرِهِ كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ أَلْفَ رَكْعَةٍ فَصَلِّ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ زِيَادَةً فِي رَمَضَانَ فَقُلْتُ كَمْ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَقَالَ فِي عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً تُصَلِّي فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً ثَمَانِيَ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الْعَتَمَةِ وَاثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً بَعْدَهَا سِوَى مَا كُنْتَ تُصَلِّي قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَإِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ الأَوَاخِرُ فَصَلِّ ثَلاثِينَ رَكْعَةً فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ ثَمَانِيَ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ الْعَتَمَةِ وَاثْنَيْنِ وَعِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً بَعْدَهَا سِوَى مَا كُنْتَ تَفْعَلُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id who has narrated it from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, from abu Basir who has said the following: “Once we visited abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and abu Basir asked, ’What do you say about al- salat (prayer) during the month of Ramadan?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’The month of Ramadan has a special respect and right, unlike the other months. You should perform salat (prayer) as much as you can in optional forms during the nights and days. If you can, perform a thousand Rak’at salat (prayer) every twenty-four hours you can. Imam Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, toward the end of his life would say one thousand Rak’at salat (prayer) in twenty-four hours. O abu Muhammad, you should perform more salat (prayer) during the month of Ramadan.’ I then asked, ’I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, how many Rak’ats (should one perform)?’ He said, ’During the first twenty nights, say twenty Rak’ats each night; eight Rak’ats before al-‘Atmah (late evening) and twelve Rak’ats thereafter, besides the prayers you would say before. During the last ten days, you should say thirty Rak’at every night; eight Rak’at before late evening, and twenty-two Rak’ats thereafter besides what you had been saying before these nights.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/377)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ الْبَقْبَاقِ وَعُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَزِيدُ فِي صَلاتِهِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِذَا صَلَّى الْعَتَمَةَ صَلَّى بَعْدَهَا فَيَقُومُ النَّاسُ خَلْفَهُ فَيَدْخُلُ وَيَدَعُهُمْ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ أَيْضاً فَيَجِيئُونَ وَيَقُومُونَ خَلْفَهُ فَيَدَعُهُمْ وَيَدْخُلُ مِرَاراً قَالَ وَقَالَ لا تُصَلِّ بَعْدَ الْعَتَمَةِ فِي غَيْرِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus from abu al-‘Abbas al-Baqbaq and ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would increase his salat (prayer) during the month of Ramadan. After al-‘Atmah (late evening salat [prayer]), he would perform more prayers. People behind would stand up (for prayer), but he would go inside and leave them. Then, after he came out, they would come and stand up behind him (for prayer), but he would leave them and go inside several times.’ He (the narrator) has said that the Imam then said, ‘You must not perform salat (prayer) after late evening prayer during the times other than the month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/378)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ الأَوَاخِرُ شَدَّ الْمِئْزَرَ وَاجْتَنَبَ النِّسَاءَ وَأَحْيَا اللَّيْلَ وَتَفَرَّغَ لِلْعِبَادَةِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman from ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, during the last ten days of the month of Ramadan would prepare himself well, stay away from women, stay awake the whole night, and free himself for worship.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/378)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صَلِّ لَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ وَلَيْلَةَ ثَلاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ تَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ قُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Hassan from Sulayman al-Ja’fariy who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In the twenty- first and twenty-third nights, you should perform salat (prayer) of one hundred Rak’ats and in each Rak’at read Chapter 112 of the Holy Quran ten times.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/379)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي شُعَيْبٍ الْمَحَامِلِيِّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ وَلَيْلَةُ ثَلاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ أَخَذَ فِي الدُّعَاءِ حَتَّى يَزُولَ اللَّيْلُ فَإِذَا زَالَ اللَّيْلُ صَلَّى.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ibn Sinan from abu Shu’ayb al-Muhamiliy from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, during the twenty-first and twenty-third nights, would pray until the end of the night, then perform (the obligatory) salat (prayer).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/379)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُطَهَّرٍ أَنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يُخْبِرُهُ بِمَا جَاءَتْ بِهِ الرِّوَايَةُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَغَيْرِهِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ ثَلاثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً مِنْهَا الْوَتْرُ وَرَكْعَتَا الْفَجْرِ فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَضَّ الله فَاهُ صَلَّى مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً ثَمَانِيَ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَاثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةِ وَاغْتَسَلَ لَيْلَةَ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ وَلَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَعِشْرِينَ وَلَيْلَةَ ثَلاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ وَصَلَّى فِيهِمَا ثَلاثِينَ رَكْعَةً اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَثَمَانِيَ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ عِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ وَصَلَّى فِيهِمَا مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ يَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ وَقُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ وَصَلَّى إِلَى آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ ثَلاثِينَ رَكْعَةً كَمَا فَسَّرْتُ لَكَ.


6. “Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Mutahhar who wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and informed him (the Imam) about a Hadith about the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. It said that he (the Messenger of Allah) performed thirteen Rak‘at prayers including al-Witr and the two Rak‘at morning prayer during the nights in the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) wrote, ‘May Allah break his (narrator’s) mouth. He (the Holy Prophet) during the month of Ramadan in the first twenty nights performed twenty Rak‘ats every night. He (the Messenger of Allah) performed eight Rak‘at after al-Maghrib prayer and twelve after ‘Isha’ (late evening) prayer. He would take a shower on the nineteenth, twenty-first and twenty-third nights. In those nights, he performed one hundred Rak‘at prayers in each Rak‘at, of which he read Chapter 1 and Chapter 112 of the Holy Quran ten times. He would perform thirty Rak‘at in the remaining nights to the end of the month, as I have explained for you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/379)