Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > Who Can Lawfully Receive Zakat and Who Cannot
Hadith #10

10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ أَنَا وَأَبُو بَصِيرٍ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ إِنَّ لَنَا صَدِيقاً وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ صَدُوقٌ يَدِينُ الله بِمَا نَدِينُ بِهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذَا يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ الَّذِي تُزَكِّيهِ فَقَالَ الْعَبَّاسُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ صَبِيحٍ فَقَالَ رَحِمَ الله الْوَلِيدَ بْنَ صَبِيحٍ مَا لَهُ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لَهُ دَارٌ تَسْوَى أَرْبَعَةَ آلاَفِ دِرْهَمٍ وَلَهُ جَارِيَةٌ وَلَهُ غُلاَمٌ يَسْتَقِي عَلَى الْجَمَلِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ مَا بَيْنَ الدِّرْهَمَيْنِ إِلَى الأرْبَعَةِ سِوَى عَلَفِ الْجَمَلِ وَلَهُ عِيَالٌ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ وَلَهُ هَذِهِ الْعُرُوضُ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ فَتَأْمُرُنِي أَنْ آمُرَهُ أَنْ يَبِيعَ دَارَهُ وَهِيَ عِزُّهُ وَمَسْقَطُ رَأْسِهِ أَوْ يَبِيعَ جَارِيَتَهُ الَّتِي تَقِيهِ الْحَرَّ وَالْبَرْدَ وَتَصُونُ وَجْهَهُ وَوَجْهَ عِيَالِهِ أَوْ آمُرَهُ أَنْ يَبِيعَ غُلاَمَهُ وَجَمَلَهُ وَهُوَ مَعِيشَتُهُ وَقُوتُهُ بَلْ يَأْخُذُ الزَّكَاةَ وَهِيَ لَهُ حَلاَلٌ وَلاَ يَبِيعُ دَارَهُ وَلاَ غُلاَمَهُ وَلاَ جَمَلَهُ.

10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from his father who has said the following: “Once, abu Basir and I visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and abu Basir said to him (the Imam), ‘We have a friend and he is a truthful person. He follows Allah’s religion as we do.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘Who is he, O abu Basir, whom you admire?’ Abu Basir, replied, ‘He is al-‘Abbas ibn al-Walid ibn Sabih.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘May Allah grant mercy to al-Walid ibn Sabih! What has happened to him, O abu Muhammad?’ Abu Basir said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, he has a house which is valued at four thousand dirham. He has a slave-girl and slave servant who provides water every day for two to four dirham minus feed for the camel and he has a family. Can he receive Zakat?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can receive Zakat.’ Abu Basir said, ‘But he has all these assets.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘O abu Muhammad, do you command me to command him to sell his house which is for his dignity and the place of his birth? Alternatively, must he sell his slave-girl who protects him from hot and cold weather and protects him and his wife’s dignity? On the other hand, must he sell his slave and his camel, which are means for his living and expenses? In fact, he must receive Zakat and it is lawful for him. He does not have to sell his house, his slave or his camel.’”