Al-Kāfi - Volume 3 > One Who Goes to Sleep Before Performing Salah (Prayer) or Forgets
Hadith #1

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا نَسِيتَ صَلاَةً أَوْ صَلَّيْتَهَا بِغَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ وَكَانَ عَلَيْكَ قَضَاءُ صَلَوَاتٍ فَابْدَأْ بِأَوَّلِهِنَّ فَأَذِّنْ لَهَا وَأَقِمْ ثُمَّ صَلِّهَا ثُمَّ صَلِّ مَا بَعْدَهَا بِإِقَامَةٍ إِقَامَةٍ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَقَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ الْسَّلام) وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ الظُّهْرَ وَقَدْ فَاتَتْكَ الْغَدَاةُ فَذَكَرْتَهَا فَصَلِّ الْغَدَاةَ أَيَّ سَاعَةٍ ذَكَرْتَهَا وَلَوْ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ وَمَتَى مَا ذَكَرْتَ صَلاَةً فَاتَتْكَ صَلَّيْتَهَا وَقَالَ إِنْ نَسِيتَ الظُّهْرَ حَتَّى صَلَّيْتَ الْعَصْرَ فَذَكَرْتَهَا وَأَنْتَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَوْ بَعْدَ فَرَاغِكَ فَانْوِهَا الأولَى ثُمَّ صَلِّ الْعَصْرَ فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ أَرْبَعٌ مَكَانَ أَرْبَعٍ فَإِنْ ذَكَرْتَ أَنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ الأولَى وَأَنْتَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْعَصْرِ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتَ مِنْهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَانْوِهَا الأولَى ثُمَّ صَلِّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الْبَاقِيَتَيْنِ وَقُمْ فَصَلِّ الْعَصْرَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتَ أَنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ الْعَصْرَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ وَلَمْ تَخَفْ فَوْتَهَا فَصَلِّ الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ صَلِّ الْمَغْرِبَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ الْمَغْرِبَ فَقُمْ فَصَلِّ الْعَصْرَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ ذَكَرْتَ الْعَصْرَ فَانْوِهَا الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ قُمْ فَأَتِمَّهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلِّمْ ثُمَّ تُصَلِّي الْمَغْرِبَ فَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ الْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ وَنَسِيتَ الْمَغْرِبَ فَقُمْ فَصَلِّ الْمَغْرِبَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ ذَكَرْتَهَا وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتَ مِنَ الْعِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ أَوْ قُمْتَ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ فَانْوِهَا الْمَغْرِبَ ثُمَّ سَلِّمْ ثُمَّ قُمْ فَصَلِّ الْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ نَسِيتَ الْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ حَتَّى صَلَّيْتَ الْفَجْرَ فَصَلِّ الْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ ذَكَرْتَهَا وَأَنْتَ فِي رَكْعَةِ الأولَى أَوْ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ مِنَ الْغَدَاةِ فَانْوِهَا الْعِشَاءَ ثُمَّ قُمْ فَصَلِّ الْغَدَاةَ وَأَذِّنْ وَأَقِمْ وَإِنْ كَانَتِ الْمَغْرِبُ وَالْعِشَاءُ الآخِرَةُ قَدْ فَاتَتَاكَ جَمِيعاً فَابْدَأْ بِهِمَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ الْغَدَاةَ ابْدَأْ بِالْمَغْرِبِ ثُمَّ الْعِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ فَإِنْ خَشِيتَ أَنْ تَفُوتَكَ الْغَدَاةُ إِنْ بَدَأْتَ بِهِمَا فَابْدَأْ بِالْمَغْرِبِ ثُمَّ بِالْغَدَاةِ ثُمَّ صَلِّ الْعِشَاءَ فَإِنْ خَشِيتَ أَنْ تَفُوتَكَ الْغَدَاةُ إِنْ بَدَأْتَ بِالْمَغْرِبِ فَصَلِّ الْغَدَاةَ ثُمَّ صَلِّ الْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ ابْدَأْ بِأَوَّلِهِمَا لأَنَّهُمَا جَمِيعاً قَضَاءٌ أَيَّهُمَا ذَكَرْتَ فَلاَ تُصَلِّهِمَا إِلاَّ بَعْدَ شُعَاعِ الشَّمْسِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِمَ ذَاكَ قَالَ لأَنَّكَ لَسْتَ تَخَافُ فَوْتَهَا.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you forget to perform Salah (prayer) or perform it without Wudu’ and miss Salah (prayers) which you must perform, begin with what is first. Say Adhan and ’Iqamah, then perform it, thereafter perform what is after this with just ‘Iqamah for every Salah (prayer).’ Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you have already performed al-Dhuhr, then remembered that you have missed the morning Salah (prayer), perform the morning Salah (prayer) in whatever hour you remember even if it is after al-‘Asr. Whenever you remember a Salah (prayer) that you have missed, perform it.’ Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you forget to perform al-Dhuhr until you perform al-‘Asr, then remember in the middle of Salah (prayer) or after you complete a Salah (prayer) consider it the first one (al-Dhuhr which is missed). Then perform al-‘Asr; it is a four Rak‘at in place of another four Rak‘at. If you remember that you have not performed the first one and you are in the middle of al-‘Asr from which you have performed only two Rak‘at consider it the first (al-Dhuhr), then perform the two remaining Rak‘at. Then stand up and perform al-‘Asr. If you remember that you have not performed al-‘Asr until it is time of al-Maghrib and you are not afraid of running short of its time, perform al-‘Asr, thereafter perform al-Maghrib. If you have performed al-Maghrib, stand up to perform al-‘Asr. If you have performed two Rak‘at of al-Maghrib, then you remember that you have missed al-‘Asr; consider it al-‘Asr then complete it with another two Rak‘at, say Salam and thereafter perform al-Maghrib. If you have performed al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah, but you have forgotten al-Maghrib, stand up to perform al-Maghrib. If you remember when you have performed two Rak‘at of al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah or you just have stood up for the third Rak‘at, consider it al-Maghrib then say Salam and thereafter perform al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah. If you forget al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah until you perform the morning Salah (prayer), perform al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah thereafter. If you remember in the first Rak‘at or in the second Rak‘at of the morning Salah (prayer), consider it al-‘Isha’, thereafter perform the morning Salah (prayer), say Adhan and ‘Iqamah. If both al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah are missed, begin with these ones first before the morning Salah (prayer), first al-Maghrib and then al-‘Isha’ al-Akhirah. If you are afraid of the running short of the time of the morning Salah (prayer) if you perform the two first, begin with al-Maghrib, then morning Salah (prayer), then al-‘Isha’. If you are afraid of running short of the time of the morning Salah (prayer), if you begin with al-Maghrib, begin with the morning Salah (prayer) then al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’. Begin with the first one because it is a Qada’ (make-up for). Start whichever you want. You must not perform except after the rising of sun rays.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘Why is that?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Because you are not afraid of missing them.’”