Al-Kāfi - Volume 1 > The Birth of abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Muhammad (a.s.)
Hadith #8

8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْحَسَنِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الطَّيِّبِ الْمُثَنَّى يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ يَاسِرٍ قَالَ كَانَ الْمُتَوَكِّلُ يَقُولُ وَيْحَكُمْ قَدْ أَعْيَانِي أَمْرُ ابْنِ الرِّضَا أَبَى أَنْ يَشْرَبَ مَعِي أَوْ يُنَادِمَنِي أَوْ أَجِدَ مِنْهُ فُرْصَةً فِي هَذَا فَقَالُوا لَهُ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدْ مِنْهُ فَهَذَا أَخُوهُ مُوسَى قَصَّافٌ عَزَّافٌ يَأْكُلُ وَيَشْرَبُ وَيَتَعَشَّقُ قَالَ ابْعَثُوا إِلَيْهِ فَجِيئُوا بِهِ حَتَّى نُمَوِّهَ بِهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَنَقُولَ ابْنُ الرِّضَا فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ وَأُشْخِصَ مُكَرَّماً وَتَلَقَّاهُ جَمِيعُ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَالْقُوَّادُ وَالنَّاسُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ إِذَا وَافَى أَقْطَعَهُ قَطِيعَةً وَبَنَى لَهُ فِيهَا وَحَوَّلَ الْخَمَّارِينَ وَالْقِيَانَ إِلَيْهِ وَوَصَلَهُ وَبَرَّهُ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ مَنْزِلاً سَرِيّاً حَتَّى يَزُورَهُ هُوَ فِيهِ فَلَمَّا وَافَى مُوسَى تَلَقَّاهُ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ فِي قَنْطَرَةِ وَصِيفٍ وَهُوَ مَوْضِعٌ تُتَلَقَّى فِيهِ الْقَادِمُونَ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ وَوَفَّاهُ حَقَّهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّجُلَ قَدْ أَحْضَرَكَ لِيَهْتِكَكَ وَيَضَعَ مِنْكَ فَلا تُقِرَّ لَهُ أَنَّكَ شَرِبْتَ نَبِيذاً قَطُّ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى فَإِذَا كَانَ دَعَانِي لِهَذَا فَمَا حِيلَتِي قَالَ فَلا تَضَعْ مِنْ قَدْرِكَ وَلا تَفْعَلْ فَإِنَّمَا أَرَادَ هَتْكَكَ فَأَبَى عَلَيْهِ فَكَرَّرَ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَنَّهُ لا يُجِيبُ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّ هَذَا مَجْلِسٌ لا تُجْمَعُ أَنْتَ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ أَبَداً فَأَقَامَ ثَلاثَ سِنِينَ يُبَكِّرُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ قَدْ تَشَاغَلَ الْيَوْمَ فَرُحْ فَيَرُوحُ فَيُقَالُ قَدْ سَكِرَ فَبَكِّرْ فَيُبَكِّرُ فَيُقَالُ شَرِبَ دَوَاءً فَمَا زَالَ عَلَى هَذَا ثَلاثَ سِنِينَ حَتَّى قُتِلَ الْمُتَوَكِّلُ وَلَمْ يَجْتَمِعْ مَعَهُ عَلَيْهِ.

8. al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan al-Hassani has said that narrated to me abu al-Tayb al-Muthanna ya‘qub ibn Yasir the following. “Al-Mutawakkil would say, “Woe is you, the ibn (the son of) al-Rida, (Ali al-Hadi (a.s.)) has frustrated me. He refuses to share a drink (liquor) with me and associate with me and I never get a chance in it.” They (his associates) told him, “If he does not give you a chance his brother, Musa plays music, sings, eats, drinks and seeks carnal love.” He asked them to call him so that we may confuse people with ibn al-Rida (Musa considered as Ali al-Hadi) has become an associate of Al-Mutawakkil. He wrote to Musa and invited him with honorably. All the people from the clan of Hashim present, the officials and people received him with the condition that on his arrival a piece of land will be given to him on which proper accommodations will be build for him. People who love to drink liquor and the singers will come to meet him there. He (Al-Mutawakkil) maintained good relations with him, cared for him and prepared a gorgeous lodging for him where he would visit him therein. When Musa arrived abu al-Hassan (a.s.) met him at al-Qantra Wasif, the place where the visitors were being received. He met him, offered him the greeting of peace and observed his rights. Then he said to him, “This mman has invited you to insult and humiliate you. Do not confess to him that you have ever drank any liquor.” Musa said, “If he has invited me for this purpose then what should I do?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Do not humiliate yourself and do not drink any liquor because he wants to insult you.” He (Musa) refused and he (abu al-Hassan (a.s.)) repeated his advise. When he found out that he (Musa) does not agree he said, “Remember, this is a place where you will never be able to meet him (Al-Mutawakkil).” He (Musa) lived there for three years. Everyday he would wake up and his people would tell that Al-Mutawakkil is busy today you can meet him next time. He would go and they would tell him that he (Al-Mutawakkil) is drunk. He would go again and they would say he (Al-Mutawakkil) has just had medicine. It continued this way for three years until Al-Mutawakkil was killed and Musa had never had a chance to meet him.”