501. Hadith

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ ظَرِيفٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ قَالَ [لِي] أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) يَا أَبَا الْجَارُودِ مَا يَقُولُونَ لَكُمْ فِي الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) قُلْتُ يُنْكِرُونَ عَلَيْنَا أَنَّهُمَا ابْنَا رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) قَالَ فَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ احْتَجَجْتُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ قُلْتُ احْتَجَجْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بِقَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي عِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ (عليهما السلام) وَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِهِ داوُدَ وَ سُلَيْمانَ وَ أَيُّوبَ وَ يُوسُفَ وَ مُوسى وَ هارُونَ وَ كَذلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ وَ زَكَرِيَّا وَ يَحْيى وَ عِيسى فَجَعَلَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّةِ نُوحٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ فَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَالُوا لَكُمْ قُلْتُ قَالُوا قَدْ يَكُونُ وَلَدُ الِابْنَةِ مِنَ الْوَلَدِ وَ لَا يَكُونُ مِنَ الصُّلْبِ قَالَ فَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ احْتَجَجْتُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ قُلْتُ احْتَجَجْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بِقَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى لِرَسُولِهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَقُلْ تَعالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْناءَنا وَ أَبْناءَكُمْ وَ نِساءَنا وَ نِساءَكُمْ وَ أَنْفُسَنا وَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ قَالَ فَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَالُوا قُلْتُ قَالُوا قَدْ يَكُونُ فِي كَلَامِ الْعَرَبِ أَبْنَاءُ رَجُلٍ وَ آخَرُ يَقُولُ أَبْنَاؤُنَا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) يَا أَبَا الْجَارُودِ لَأُعْطِيَنَّكَهَا مِنْ كِتَابِ اللَّهِ جَلَّ وَ تَعَالَى أَنَّهُمَا مِنْ صُلْبِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) لَا يَرُدُّهَا إِلَّا الْكَافِرُ قُلْتُ وَ أَيْنَ ذَلِكَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ مِنْ حَيْثُ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّهاتُكُمْ وَ بَناتُكُمْ وَ أَخَواتُكُمْ الْآيَةَ إِلَى أَنِ انْتَهَى إِلَى قَوْلِهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ حَلائِلُ أَبْنائِكُمُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ أَصْلابِكُمْ فَسَلْهُمْ يَا أَبَا الْجَارُودِ هَلْ كَانَ يَحِلُّ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) نِكَاحُ حَلِيلَتَيْهِمَا فَإِنْ قَالُوا نَعَمْ كَذَبُوا وَ فَجَرُوا وَ إِنْ قَالُوا لَا فَهُمَا ابْنَاهُ لِصُلْبِهِ.


501. A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Khalid, from Al-Hassan Bin Zareyf, from Abdul Samad Bin Bashir, from Abu Al-Jaroud, who has narrated the following: Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said to me: ‘O Abu Al-Jaroud! What are they saying to you all with regards to Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al-Husayn (a.s.)?’ I said, ‘They are denying us that the two of them (a.s.) are the sons (a.s.) of the Rasool Allah (saww)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So by which thing do you argue against them?’ I said, ‘We argue against them by the Statement of Allah (azwj) regarding Isa Bin Maryam (as): “[6:84] and of his descendants, Dawood and Sulaiman and Ayub and Yusuf and Musa and Haroun; and thus do We reward those who do good (to others) [6:85] And Zakariya and Yahya and Isa”. So He (azwj) Made Isa Bin Maryam (as) to be from the descendants of Noah (as)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So what is it that they say to you?’ I said, ‘They say, ‘The sons of a daughter can be from the sons, but they still are not from the linage’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So which argument do you argue against them with?’ I said, ‘We argue against them by the Statement of Allah (azwj) to His (azwj) Messenger (saww): “[3:61] say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and ourselves and your selves”. He (a.s.) said: ‘So what do they say?’ I said, ‘They say that in the speech of the Arabs a man may say ‘our sons’ for the sons of another man’. (The narrator) said, ‘Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘O Abu Al-Jaroud! I (a.s.) will give it (proof) from the Book of Allah (azwj) that the two of them (a.s.) are from the progeny of the Rasool Allah (saww). None shall reject it except for the infidel’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you (a.s.), and where is that?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Where Allah (azwj) Says: “[4:23] Forbidden to you are your mothers and your daughters and your sisters - the Verse until it ends with the Words of the Blessed and High and the wives of your sons who are of your own loins”. So ask them, O Abu Al-Jaroud, was it Permissible for the Rasool Allah (saww) to marry the wives of the two of them (a.s.)? If they say, ‘Yes’, they lie, are mischievous, and if they say, ‘No’, so the two of them (a.s.) are from his (saww) seed’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 428)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi