251. Hadith

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سَهْلٌ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ التَّمِيمِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ الْخَثْعَمِيُّ قَالَ قَالَ لَمَّا سَيَّرَ عُثْمَانُ أَبَا ذَرٍّ إِلَى الرَّبَذَةِ شَيَّعَهُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ عَقِيلٌ وَ الْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَيْنُ (عليهما السلام) وَ عَمَّارُ بْنُ يَاسِرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ عِنْدَ الْوَدَاعِ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عليه السلام) يَا أَبَا ذَرٍّ إِنَّكَ إِنَّمَا غَضِبْتَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَارْجُ مَنْ غَضِبْتَ لَهُ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ خَافُوكَ عَلَى دُنْيَاهُمْ وَ خِفْتَهُمْ عَلَى دِينِكَ فَأَرْحَلُوكَ عَنِ الْفِنَاءِ وَ امْتَحَنُوكَ بِالْبَلَاءِ وَ وَ اللَّهِ لَوْ كَانَتِ السَّمَاوَاتُ وَ الْأَرْضُ عَلَى عَبْدٍ رَتْقاً ثُمَّ اتَّقَى اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ جَعَلَ لَهُ مِنْهَا مَخْرَجاً فَلَا يُؤْنِسْكَ إِلَّا الْحَقُّ وَ لَا يُوحِشْكَ إِلَّا الْبَاطِلُ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ عَقِيلٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا ذَرٍّ أَنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّا نُحِبُّكَ وَ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ تُحِبُّنَا وَ أَنْتَ قَدْ حَفِظْتَ فِينَا مَا ضَيَّعَ النَّاسُ إِلَّا الْقَلِيلَ فَثَوَابُكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِذَلِكَ أَخْرَجَكَ الْمُخْرِجُونَ وَ سَيَّرَكَ الْمُسَيِّرُونَ فَثَوَابُكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَاتَّقِ اللَّهَ وَ اعْلَمْ أَنَّ اسْتِعْفَاءَكَ الْبَلَاءَ مِنَ الْجَزَعِ وَ اسْتِبْطَاءَكَ الْعَافِيَةَ مِنَ الْيَأْسِ فَدَعِ الْيَأْسَ وَ الْجَزَعَ وَ قُلْ حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ نِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ الْحَسَنُ (عليه السلام) فَقَالَ يَا عَمَّاهْ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ قَدْ أَتَوْا إِلَيْكَ مَا قَدْ تَرَى وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِالْمَنْظَرِ الْأَعْلَى فَدَعْ عَنْكَ ذِكْرَ الدُّنْيَا بِذِكْرِ فِرَاقِهَا وَ شِدَّةِ مَا يَرِدُ عَلَيْكَ لِرَخَاءِ مَا بَعْدَهَا وَ اصْبِرْ حَتَّى تَلْقَى نَبِيَّكَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ وَ هُوَ عَنْكَ رَاضٍ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ الْحُسَيْنُ (عليه السلام) فَقَالَ يَا عَمَّاهْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى قَادِرٌ أَنْ يُغَيِّرَ مَا تَرَى وَ هُوَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي شَأْنٍ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ مَنَعُوكَ دُنْيَاهُمْ وَ مَنَعْتَهُمْ دِينَكَ فَمَا أَغْنَاكَ عَمَّا مَنَعُوكَ وَ مَا أَحْوَجَهُمْ إِلَى مَا مَنَعْتَهُمْ فَعَلَيْكَ بِالصَّبْرِ فَإِنَّ الْخَيْرَ فِي الصَّبْرِ وَ الصَّبْرَ مِنَ الْكَرَمِ وَ دَعِ الْجَزَعَ فَإِنَّ الْجَزَعَ لَا يُغْنِيكَ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ عَمَّارٌ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا ذَرٍّ أَوْحَشَ اللَّهُ مَنْ أَوْحَشَكَ وَ أَخَافَ مَنْ أَخَافَكَ إِنَّهُ وَ اللَّهِ مَا مَنَعَ النَّاسَ أَنْ يَقُولُوا الْحَقَّ إِلَّا الرُّكُونُ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا وَ الْحُبُّ لَهَا أَلَا إِنَّمَا الطَّاعَةُ مَعَ الْجَمَاعَةِ وَ الْمُلْكُ لِمَنْ غَلَبَ عَلَيْهِ وَ إِنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمَ دَعَوُا النَّاسَ إِلَى دُنْيَاهُمْ فَأَجَابُوهُمْ إِلَيْهَا وَ وَهَبُوا لَهُمْ دِينَهُمْ فَخَسِرُوا الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةَ وَ ذَلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ أَبُو ذَرٍّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامُ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ بِأَبِي وَ أُمِّي هَذِهِ الْوُجُوهُ فَإِنِّي إِذَا رَأَيْتُكُمْ ذَكَرْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) بِكُمْ وَ مَا لِي بِالْمَدِينَةِ شَجَنٌ لِأَسْكُنَ غَيْرُكُمْ وَ إِنَّهُ ثَقُلَ عَلَى عُثْمَانَ جِوَارِي بِالْمَدِينَةِ كَمَا ثَقُلَ عَلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ بِالشَّامِ فَآلَى أَنْ يُسَيِّرَنِي إِلَى بَلْدَةٍ فَطَلَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ فَزَعَمَ أَنَّهُ يَخَافُ أَنْ أُفْسِدَ عَلَى أَخِيهِ النَّاسَ بِالْكُوفَةِ وَ آلَى بِاللَّهِ لَيُسَيِّرُنِي إِلَى بَلْدَةٍ لَا أَرَى فِيهَا أَنِيساً وَ لَا أَسْمَعُ بِهَا حَسِيساً وَ إِنِّي وَ اللَّهِ مَا أُرِيدُ إِلَّا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ صَاحِباً وَ مَا لِي مَعَ اللَّهِ وَحْشَةٌ حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَ هُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ وَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ.


251. Sahl, from Muhammad Bin Al-Hassan, from Muhammad Bin Hafs Al-Tamimy who said: Abu Ja’far Al-Khash’amy narrated to me saying, ‘When Usman exiled Abu Dharr (ar) to Al-Rabza, Amir-ul-Momineen (a.s.), and Aqeel (as), and Al-Hassan (a.s.), and Al-Husayn (a.s.), and Ammar Bin Yasir (ar) bid farewell to him (ar). So when they were inside the valley, Amir-ul-Momineen (a.s.) said; ‘O Abu Dharr (ar)! You (ar) were angry for the Sake of Allah (azwj), so have hope from His (azwj) Anger. The people feared you for their world whilst you (ar) feared upon your (ar) Religion, so they exiled you (ar) from (that which is) doomed and tested you (ar) by the affliction. And, by Allah (azwj), if the skies and the earth are (forced) to closed-up on a servant, then Allah (azwj) would (surely) Open up a way out for him. Let nothing comfort you (ar) except for the truth, and let nothing scare you (ar) except for the falsehood’. Then Aqeel (ar) spoke saying, ‘O Abu Dharr (ar)! You (ar) know that we love you (ar), and we know that you (ar) love us, and you (ar) have preserved with regards to us what the people have wasted except for a few. So your (ar) Reward is upon Allah (azwj), and it is for that that they have thrown you (ar) out as the castaway and made you (ar) travel in the exile. So your (ar) Reward is upon Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic. So fear Allah (azwj) and know that you (ar) should resign to the affliction from the anxiety and your (ar) deterioration of the health from the despair. So leave the resignation and the despair and say, ‘Allah (azwj) is Sufficient for me (ar) and the best ‘الْوَكِيلُ’ advocate’. Then Al-Hassan (a.s.) spoke saying: ‘O uncle (ar)! The people have meted out to you (ar) what you (ar) have seen, and Allah (azwj) is Watching from High above. So leave the memories of the world by remembrance of its separation and the difficulties, by what will be coming to you (ar) of the ease after it, and be patient until you (ar) meet your (ar) Prophet (saww), and he (saww) will be pleased with you (ar), Allah (azwj) Willing’. Then Al-Husayn (a.s.) spoke saying: ‘O uncle (ar)! Allah (azwj) Blessed and High has the Power to Change what you (ar) see, and every day He (azwj) is in (a State of) Glory. The people have denied you (ar) their world, and you (ar) have denied them your (ar) Religion. So what is your (ar) need from what they have denied you (ar), and they are in greatest need for what you (ar) have denied them. So it is for you (ar) to observe patience, for the goodness is in the patience, and the patience is from the generosity. And leave the anxiety, for the anxiety provides no refuge’. Then Ammar (ar) spoke saying, ‘O Abu Dharr (ar)! May Allah (azwj) Make lonely the one who made you (ar) to be lonely, and Frighten the one who (tried to) frightened you (ar). By Allah (azwj)! Nothing prevents the people from speaking the truth except their reliance upon the world and the love for it. But rather, the obedience is with the group and the kingdom is for the one who overcomes it, and this group of people have called the people to their world, so they responded to them for it and bestowed their Religion upon them. Thus, they incurred the loss of the world and the Hereafter, and that is what is the clear loss’. Then Abu Dharr (ar) spoke saying, ‘Peace be upon you all, and the Mercy of Allah (azwj) and His (azwj) Blessings! May my (ar) father and my (ar) mother (be sacrificed for you all). These are the faces, when I (ar) see them, I (ar) remember the Rasool Allah (saww). And what is there for me (ar) in Al-Medina to dwell in apart from you. And it became heavy upon Usman to let me (ar) (live) in the neighbourhood of Al-Medina just as it became heavy upon Muawiya in Syria. He (Usman) decided that he would exile me (ar) to a town, so I (ar) said it should be Al-Kufa. So he feared that I (ar) would spoil the relationship of his brother with the people in Al-Kufa. By Allah (azwj) He is sending me (ar) to a place in which I (ar) will neither see any human being nor hear a humming sound. By Allah (azwj)! I (ar) do not want anyone except Allah (azwj) as a companion, and what is the loneliness for me (ar) when Allah (azwj) is with me (ar). Allah (azwj) is Sufficient for me (ar). There is no god except for Him (azwj). Upon Him (azwj) do I (ar) rely and He (azwj) is the Lord (azwj) of the Magnificent Throne, and greetings of Allah (azwj) be upon our Chief Muhammad (saww) and his (saww) purified Progeny (a.s.)’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 124)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi