Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > It ( Mut‘ah ) Must Not Be Practiced if Not Urgently Needed
Hadith #1

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْمُتْعَةِ فَقَالَ وَمَا أَنْتَ وَذَاكَ فَقَدْ أَغْنَاكَ اللهُ عَنْهَا قُلْتُ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَعْلَمَهَا فَقَالَ هِيَ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقُلْتُ نَزِيدُهَا وَتَزْدَادُ فَقَالَ وَهَلْ يَطِيبُهُ إِلا ذَاكَ.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Afi ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage). He (the Imam) said, ‘What do you have to do with it when Allah has made you free of need for it?’ I then said, ‘I only wanted to know about it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is in the book of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam .’ I then asked, ‘Can we extend and they women extend (the time)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘What else makes him happy?”’



Hadith #2

2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنِ الْمُخْتَارِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْعَلَوِيِّ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْفَتْحِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْمُتْعَةِ فَقَالَ هِيَ حَلالٌ مُبَاحٌ مُطْلَقٌ لِمَنْ لَمْ يُغْنِهِ اللهُ بِالتَّزْوِيجِ فَلْيَسْتَعْفِفْ بِالْمُتْعَةِ فَإِنِ اسْتَغْنَى عَنْهَا بِالتَّزْوِيجِ فَهِيَ مُبَاحٌ لَهُ إِذَا غَابَ عَنْهَا.

2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from al-Mukhtar ibn Muhammad al-Mukhtar and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Abd Allah ibn al- Hassan al-’Alawiy all from al-Fath ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is lawful, permissible and available for those whom Allah has not made free of need for marriage, so he can maintain chastity by means of al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage), and when he is free of such need by means of marriage, then it is permissible in the absence of his wife.’”



Hadith #3

3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ قَالَ كَتَبَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِلَى بَعْضِ مَوَالِيهِ لا تُلِحُّوا عَلَى الْمُتْعَةِ إِنَّمَا عَلَيْكُمْ إِقَامَةُ السُّنَّةِ فَلا تَشْتَغِلُوا بِهَا عَنْ فُرُشِكُمْ وَحَرَائِرِكُمْ فَيَكْفُرْنَ وَيَتَبَرَّيْنَ وَيَدْعِينَ عَلَى الآمِرِ بِذَلِكَ وَيَلْعَنُونَا.

3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once wrote to certain ones of his followers and it (the letter) said, ‘You must not insist on al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage). You only have to maintain the Sunnah. You must not involve in it to ignore your bed (wives) and your free ones to cause them turn to disbelief, disowning and claim against the command for it ( al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage)) and condemn us.’”



Hadith #4

4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فِي الْمُتْعَةِ دَعُوهَا أَمَا يَسْتَحْيِي أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يُرَى فِي مَوْضِعِ الْعَوْرَةِ فَيُحْمَلَ ذَلِكَ عَلَى صَالِحِي إِخْوَانِهِ وَأَصْحَابِهِ.

4. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from ibn Sinan from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying about al-Mut‘ah (advantageous marriage), ‘Stay away from it. Do you not feel ashamed of being seen in a place for which your virtuous brothers in belief and friends feel embarrassed?”’